ICIEVE 2015
International Conference on Innovation in Engineering and Vocational Education
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List of abstracts

1.

“Pengaruh Persepsi Tentang Karir Pekerjaan dan Motivasi Berprestasi Terhadap Pelaksanaan Praktik Industri Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri UPI”
Syahriandi Akbari Siregar

“Pengaruh Persepsi Tentang Karir Pekerjaan dan Motivasi Berprestasi Terhadap Pelaksanaan Praktik Industri Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri UPI”
Oleh :
Syahriandi Akbari Siregar
1302879
ABSTRAK
Sebagai lembaga pendidikan kejuruan Prodi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri menyusun suatu program praktik industri pada kurikulumnya. Dalam pelaksanaan praktik industri persoalan yang dihadapi oleh Prodi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri terdapat beberapa kendala dalam pelaksanaan praktik industri termasuk pada suatu persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan dan motivasi berprestasi mahasiswa.
Tujuan penelitian ini (1) mengetahui pengaruh persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan mahasiswa terhadap keberhasilan pelaksanaan praktik industri pada Program Studi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri, (2 mengetahui pengaruh motivasi berprestasi mahasiswa terhadap keberhasilan pelaksanaan praktik industri, (3), mengetahui apakah persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan mahasiswa serta motivasi berprestasi mahasiswa berpengaruh secara bersama-sama terhadap pelaksanaan praktik industri dan (4) mengetahui hubungan persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan mahasiswa dan motivasi berprestasi mahasiswa.
Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan menggunakan teknik penelitian regresi dan korelasional dengan penekanan pengaruh dan hubungan antara dua atau lebih variabel. Sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri UPI angkatan 2011 yaitu sebanyak 50 mahasiswa. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner (angket). Dari hasil pengolahan data penelitian didapatkan hasil analisis linieritas regresi dan korelasi variabel persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan ( X_1) dan pelaksanaan praktek industri (Y) berpengaruh signifikan dengan persamaan regresi (Y ) ̂= 28,51 + 0.43 dan tingkat hubungan sebesar 0,43, analisis linieritas regresi dan korelasi variabel motivasi berprestasi( X_2) dan pelaksanaan praktek industri (Y) berpengaruh siginifikan dengan persamaan linieritas (Y ) ̂= 24,42 + 0.51 dan tingkat hubungannya sebesar 0,52, analisis regresi ganda dan korelasi ganda variabel persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan ( X_1) motivasi berprestasi (X_2) pelaksanaan praktek industri (Y) berpengaruh siginifikan dengan persamaan regresi (Y ) ̂= 0,35 + 0,44X_1 + 0,56 X_2 dan tingkat hubungannya sebesar 0,59. analisis korelasi variabel persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan( X_1) dan motivasi berprestasi (X_2) pengaruh siginifikan dan tingkat hubungannya sebesar 0,31
Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan mahasiswa berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap praktik industri mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri dengan kategori hubungan cukup kuat , motivasi berprestasi mahasiswa berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap pelaksanaan praktik industri mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri dengan kategori hubungan cukup kuat, persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan dan motivasi berprestasi berpengaruh secara bersama-sama terhadap pelaksanaan praktik industri mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri kategori hubungan cukup kuat dan persepsi tentang karir pekerjaan berhubungan dengan motivasi berprestasi mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Teknologi Agroindustri kategori hubungan rendah.
Kata Kunci : Persepsi Tentang Karir Pekerjaan, Motivasi Berprestasi dan Pelaksanaan Praktik Industri.

Topic: Engineering Education


2.

A Comparative of Business Process Modelling Techniques
Irene R.H.T. Tangkawarow, Jimmy Waworuntu

In this era, there is a lot of business process modeling techniques. This article is the research about differences of business process modeling techniques. It will cover 4 different techniques known as: Data Flow Diagrams (DFD), Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN), Activity Diagrams, and Integration Definition for Function Modeling (IDEF0). For each technique will explain about the definition and the structure. To support, the research will provide also for each technique an example related to the case in Somerleyton Animal Park. Each technique will end with the advantages and disadvantages. The final conclusion will give which business process modeling technique is recommended.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


3.

A Model of Trait and Factor Career Counseling to Enhance Students Career Maturity State Vocational Schools in Bandung
Dr. Sudjani, M.Pd.

ABSTRAK
Model Konseling Karir Trait and Factor untuk Meningkatkan Kematangan Karir Siswa SMKN di Kota Bandung

Dr. Sudjani, M.Pd.

Masalah penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kenyataan bahwa sebagian besar siswa SMKN di Kota Bandung mengalami kesulitan dalam memilih dan menentukan pilihan karir. Kegiatan bimbingan dan konseling karir belum membantu meningkatkan kematangan karir, sehingga siswa tidak memiliki kesiapan untuk melaksanakan tugas-tugas perkembangan karirnya. Tujuan penelitian ini menghasilkan model konseling karir trait and factor untuk meningkatkan kematangan karir siswa SMK. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan gabungan kualitatif dan kuantitatif (mixed methods design) termasuk tipe exploratory mixed methode. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan penelitian dan pengembangan. Tahapan penelitian dan pengembangan meliputi: (1) studi pendahuluan, (2) pengembangan model, (3) validasi rasional model, dan (4) validasi empirik model. Disain penelitian menggunakan disain kuasi eksperimental dengan jenis rancangan Pretest-Posttest Nonequivalent Group Design tanpa acak. Teknik sampling menggunakan teknik two stage cluster sampling yang populasinya seluruh siswa SMKN Program Keahlian Teknik Bangunan di Bandung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar siswa berada pada kategori belum matang. Faktor-faktor seperti lingkungan keluarga, lingkungan masyarakat, wawasan dunia kerja, lingkungan sekolah, dukungan infrastruktur, dan sikap terhadap konsepsi pekerjaan/jabatan berpengaruh rendah terhadap kematangan karir siswa. Kegiatan diskusi dengan orang tua/wali merupakan kegiatan yang sering dilakukan siswa dalam upaya meningkatkan kematangan karirnya. Melalui hasil uji t diperoleh p value kurang dari 0,05 berarti model konseling karir trait and factor teruji efektif untuk meningkatkan kematangan karir siswa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian di atas direkomendasikan kepada guru bimbingan dan konseling/konselor agar model konseling karir trait and factor ini menjadi alternatif pilihan yang dapat diimplementasikan di sekolah. Pihak sekolah mengadakan pelatihan bagi konselor untuk meningkatkan kompetensi terkait dengan model konseling karir ini. Peneliti selanjutnya dapat melakukan penelitian berkaitan dengan tingkat kesiapan siswa dan konselor untuk melaksanakan konseling karir ini.

Kata kunci: model konseling karir trait and factor, kematangan karir


ABSTRACT
A Model of Trait and Factor Career Counseling to Enhance Students Career Maturity State Vocational Schools in Bandung
Dr. Sudjani, M.Pd.

The research is motivated by the fact that most of the state vocational high school
students in the city of Bandung have difficulties in choosing and determining career choices. Guidance and career counseling has not helped improve career maturity, so that students do not have the readiness to implement career development tasks. The purpose of this study is to produce a trait and factor career counseling model to increase students career maturity. This research method uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative (mixed methods design) include the type of exploratory mixed methods. The model of this research is a research and development using quasi experimental design with non randomly Pretest-Posttest Nonequivalent Group Design. The stages of the research and development include: (1) preliminary study, (2) model development, (3) rational model validation, and (4) empirical model validation. Sampling technique utilizes two stage cluster sampling technique with every students of the building techniques study program of SMKN in Bandung as its population. The result of this study shows that majority of students are in the career immature category. Factors such as family environment, community, workplace worldview, the school environment, infrastructure support, and attitudes toward conception jobs / positions provide low impact on students career maturity. Discussion with a parent/guardian is an activity oftenly done by the students in their effort to increase career maturity. By conducting t-test, a p-value of lower than 0,05 was obtained, meaning the trait and factor career counseling model is proven to be effective to increase students career maturity. Based on the results above, it is recommended for guidance and counseling teachers (counselors) that career counseling model of trait and factor this into alternative options that can be implemented in schools. The school held a training for counselors to improve the competencies related to career counseling model. Researchers can then conduct research related to the level of preparedness of students and counselors to implement career counseling.
.


Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


4.

A New Tool to Fasilitate Learning Reading for Early Childhood
C Puspitasari(*), Subiyanto

This paper present a new android application creativity for early childhood learning reading. The description includes a design, development, and an evaluation experiment of an educational game for learning reading on android. The result of development game is a 2D educational game that applying Belajar Membaca Tanpa Mengeja (BMTM) method, and consist the elements of game. Twenty-six students in kindergarten have participated in this evaluation experiment. Students were divided into two groups, i.e. an experimental group that learning with the developed android educational game and a control group that learning with a reading book. The evaluation experiment results that the Gain score of the experimental group is 0.39 that in medium category, this score is higher than gain score of control group. Finally, the android educational game can increase student’s reading ability, which in the medium category. So, the developed android educational game is a better alternative tool that can be used by early childhood for learning reading.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


5.

A new variant of Android Educational Game as the facility introduction number for early childhood
D A Nawangnugraeni(*), Subiyanto

This paper presents a new research, development and experiment evaluation of an android application game. The game is proposed as for the educational facility to introduce number for early child. This educational game teaches a childhood to learn while playing that is learning numbers 0-9 uses the media game on mobile smart phone with an operating system Android. The result of development was developed a game that consists of tutorial and game are implementing elements of the game. To evaluate the influence of educational game for learning outcomes carried on pre-kindergarten as many as 20 children and devided to the experimental group and the control group. The result of Gain score the experimental group is 0.77 (highest category) and the control group is 0.48 (medium category). Finally, the android educational game can use to be an educational facility that can improve learning outcomes introduction number of early childhood

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


6.

A Preliminary Study on Augmented Reality for Learning Local Wisdom on Indonesian Batik
Isma Widiaty1,*, Lala Septem Riza2, Ade Gafar Abdullah3, Ana1

On October 2009, UNESCO entitled Indonesian batik as a masterpiece of oral and intangible heritage of humanity. There are over 100 variants of batik that are designed by considering on drawing techniques, regions, patterns, colors, etc. Moreover, they commonly represent culture, philosophy, and local wisdom of a place and society where batik was designed. This paper presents the preliminary study on an implementation of Augmented Reality (AR) for explaining and studying culture and local wisdom contained on batik. One of the benefits offered by this research is that it is used for learning media in vocational schools (SMK), which raises the value of local knowledge batik in an active, interactive, and fun way. The method used in designing learning media is participatory design, including interviews, paper prototyping, and usability tests. Steps being taken in the design of AR in SMK is a needs analysis device type, marker, and content used on AR Desktop and AR Mobile. Results from this study are used to improve the media and to suggest reviews directions for future works in this study.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


7.

Activated Carbon-Based Working Pairs for Adsorptive Solar Cooling System: A Comparative Study with Simulation
Nyoman Sugiartha, I Made Sugina and Ida Ayu Anom Arsani

Solar energy is considered as an environmentally benign thermal source for the operation of adsorptive cooling system with intermittent cycle. Such a system needs suitable adsorbent-refrigerant working pairs to assure good reversible desorption-adsorption process for producing cooling capacity. This paper presents a detailed comparison of the combined activated carbon adsorbents (AC, ACF and Maxsorb III) with refrigerants, i.e. ethanol, methanol, R-134a and ammonia based on adsorption isotherms data available from the published literatures. The study employs a theoretical thermodynamic approach and adsorption equilibrium model to simulate performance indicators such as adsorption capacity, coefficient of performance (COPs) and specific cooling effect (SCE) at various operating conditions. The results show that Maxsorb III-methanol delivers the highest COP and SCE for desorption temperature below 95 oC and suitable for air conditioning and food or medicine storage applications.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


8.

AN ANALYSIS TOWARD LIFE SKILLS OF VOCATIONAL SCHOOL STUDENTS(A study conducted toward 12th graders of Computer and Networking Engineering Major in North Jakarta)
Nur Rahma Yenita

This research conducted since not all of the graduated students from vocational school are able to work in business and industrial world. Many problems related to students graduated from vocational school arose since the number of offered job vacancies is not sufficient with the number of students graduated from vocational school and life skills mastered by the students are varied as a result of teaching and learning processes. Therefore, this research is aimed to analyze vocational school students’ life skills formed after a process of teaching and learning. The general purpose of this research is to know the value of students’ life skills. Meanwhile, the specific purpose of this research is to know the value of personal skills, social skills, academic skills, and vocational skills of vocational school students. Descriptive method along with quantitative approach is used in this research. Sampling technique used in this research is purposive sample where the number of sample is 102 students of 12th graders of Computer and Networking Engineering Major consisted of 31 students from SMK N 4 Jakarta, 34 students from SMK N 36 Jakarta and 37 students from SMK Perguruan Cikini Jakarta. Questionaire is used as the research instrument in order to collect the data. According to the result of this research, all research questions are answered. Personal skills and social skills of 12th grade of vocational school students majoring Computer and Networking Engineering in North Jakarta is categorized as good. Meanwhile, the academic skills and vocational skills of 12th grade of vocational school students majoring Computer and Networking Engineering in North Jakarta is categorized as good

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


9.

An Evaluation of Authentication Methods for Smartphone Based on Users’ Preferences
Puspita Kencana Sari (*), Gati Sabrina Ratnasari, Adhi Prasetio

This study discusses about smartphone screen lock preferences using some types of authentication method. The purpose is to determine the user behaviour based on perceived of security and perceived of convenience, as well as preferences for different types of authentication method. Variables used are consideration for locking the screen and the types of authentication methods. The population consists of smartphone users with total sample of 400 respondents with nonprobability sampling method. Data analysis method using descriptive analysis. The results showed the convenience factor is still a major consideration for locking the smartphone screen. The majority of users choose the unlock pattern as the most convenient method to use. Meanwhile, fingerprint unlock become the most secure method in users perception and method to be used in the future as well.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


10.

ANALYSIS OF BRAND VALUE OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION IN WEST JAVA
Puspo Dewi Dirgantari, Agus Rahayu, Disman, Ratih Hurriyati

Every year universities in Indonesia continues to increase in number. many universities in Indonesia are located in the region of West Java and Banten provinces, but the number of students in West Java decreased. Moreover, at a time when competition among universities higher, the ranking universities in West Java decreased in the eyes of the world, including in Asia. Some evidence suggests that the brand value of colleges in West Java is still not optimal. The assessment process itself enrich the organization with a much more comprehensive understanding through and understand their customers, markets and channels they operate, the competitive environment, and operational capabilities. This study uses science approach to referral marketing management theory. The method used in this research is descriptive survey and explanatory survey. The data used are primary data and secondary data that were collected through questionnaires and documentation of media. Meanwhile, to measure the influence of brand element and marketing mix of educational services to brand value of higher education in West Java used Structural Equation Modelling. Results of the study revealed that elements of the brand and marketing mix of education services gave positive effect on the brand value of higher education in West Java.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


11.

Analysis of Corrosion Properties of AISI 316 Based on Variation of Electrolyte Solution Type and Concentration
Ida Hamidah, Agus Solehudin, Agus Setiawan, Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto, Budi Mulyanti, Ade Gafar Abdullah

AISI 316 has been widely used in a variety of technologies because of its corrosion resistance properties. The corrosion resistance properties are very dependent on the environment that surrounds the AISI 316. In this study, the corrosion rate of AISI 316 in various environments electrolyte solution had been analyzed. The electrolyte solution is KOH and NaOH which have alkaline properties as well as NaCl which has acidic properties. Testing is done by immersing the AISI 316 in an electrolyte solution in a glass autoclave. The corrosion test was monitored on temperature of 25oC and 336 hours intervals for a period of 1008 hours. Through the calculation using the mass loss method, it was found that the AISI 316 have the best corrosion resistance in an alkaline solution with a small solution concentration

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


12.

ANALYSIS PROVIDING DIESEL-WIND HIBRID ELECTRICAL ENERGY SYSTEM IN TIMOR ISLAND INDONESIA
Gunadi Tjahjono; Tetty Setiawaty

The research’s purpose are: (1) analyzing the capacity needs of the wind energy system based on the parameters of energy requirements, the ability of the inverter, generator capability and the ability of the local wind; (2) generating a simulation of diesel-wind hybrid power plants for district and city in Timor island; (3) generating an optimization study of diesel-wind hybrid power plants for district and city in Timor island; and (4) generating a scheme of wind-diesel hybrid power plants for district and city in Timor island. This research applies quantitative method with the approach of simulation, optimization and sensitivity analysis using HOMER application program for diesel-wind hybrid power plant system. The results of this research are: (1) Simulation in districts and Kupang city is wind turbines 20 KW with 71.7 KW generator capacity . Results of optimization of wind-energy contribution only 7% and production costs analysis of wind turbines at US $ 0.47 to produce wind turbines of 20.000 kwh/yr. (2) Simulation in South Central Timor districts is wind turbines 3 KW with installed capacity of 11.4 KW. Results of optimization of energy-wind contribution only 9% and production costs analysis of wind turbines at US $ 0.525 to produce wind turbines of 1.165 kwh/yr. (3) Simulation in North Central Timor districts is wind turbines 1 KW with installed capacity of 7.62 KW. Results of optimization of energy-wind contribution only 4% and production costs analysis of wind turbines at US $ 0.53 to produce wind turbines of 1.150 kwh/yr. (4) Simulation in Belu districts is wind turbines 10 KW with installed capacity of 12.1 KW. Results of optimization of energy-wind contribution only 22% and production costs analysis of wind turbines at US $ 0.48 to produce wind turbines of 1.210 kwh/yr.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


13.

ANALYZE THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE FACTORS ON THE TOTAL OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE DURING STATIC BICYCLE EXERCISE
sugiono

How to manage energy expenditure for cyclist is very crucial part to achieve a good performance. As the tropical situation, the differences of temperature level might be contributed in energy expenditure and durability. The purpose of the paper is to estimate and to analysis the configuration of energy expenditure for static cycling activity based on heart rate value in room with (AC)/no AC treatment. The research is started with study literatures of climate factors, temperature impact on human body, and definition of energy expenditure. The next step is design the experiment for 5 participants in 2 difference models for 26.80C – 74 % relative humidity (room no AC) and 23,80C – 54.8 % relative humidity (room with AC). The participants’ heart rate and blood pressure are measured in rest condition and in cycling condition to know the impact of difference temperature in energy expenditure profile. According to the experiment results, the reducing of the temperature has significantly impact on the decreasing of energy expenditure at average 0.3 Kcal/minute for all 5 performers. Finally, the research shows that climate condition (temperature and relative humidity) are very important factors to manage and to reach a higher performance of cycling sport.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


14.

Analyzing Traffic Source Impact on Returning Visitors Ratio in Information Provider Website
Adhi Prasetio, Puspita Kencana Sari, Osa Omar Sharif, Endang Sofyan

Web site performance, especially returning visitor is an important metric for an information provider web site. Since high returning visitor is a good indication of a web site’s visitor loyalty, it is important to find a way to improve this metric. This research investigated if there is any difference on returning visitor metric among three web traffic sources namely direct, referral and search. Monthly returning visitor and total visitor from each source is retrieved from Google Analytics tools and then calculated to measure returning visitor ratio. The period of data observation is from July 2012 to June 2015 resulting in a total of 108 samples. These data then analysed using One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to address our research question. The results showed that different traffic source has significantly different returning visitor ratio especially between referral traffic source and the other two traffic sources. On the other hand, this research did not find any significant difference between returning visitor ratio from direct and search traffic sources.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


15.

ANIMATION IN THE PROBLEM SOLVING ON LEARNING OF FIELD OF SHEAR OF ATOMS THAT DETERMINANT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIAL
M Komaro, A Djohar, A Setiawan, B Hasan, HP Kusuma.

Difficulty understanding abstract concepts, complexity and dynamics are obstacles faced by students in the learning materials engineering, especially in the materials slide sector. Data from study material engineering indicates 43% of students could solve problems related to the slide sector causes of metallic properties. Considering this, research was conducted on the use of multimedia animation on the material plane shear. This study aims to illustrate the problem solving ability of students, and document student response after the process of learning by using multimedia animation on the material plane shear engineering course materials. The research method was quasi-experimental methods ( quasi experimental research). Data collection was conducted using post - test and student questionnaire responses. The results after comparing the pre and post test showed that students using MMA in the learning material shear field in Materials Engineering courses did MMA better than the class that used pictures and handouts. Application of MMA helped students more easily understand material content and facilitate their learning process. The respones from the questionaire showed student reacted positive to the use of MMA, and that they reguard it as a high quality learning tool.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


16.

Applying Cognitive Load Theory in Example-Problem-Based Learning: Effects on Performance, Effort and Efficiency of Vocational Students
Noor Hisham Jalani, Lai Chee Sern. Affero Ismail

Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) suggests that learning takes place best in a situation that equivalent to individual cognitive design. Thus, this article proposes a learning model called Example-Problem-Based Learning (EPBL) which is a combination of two learning strategies: worked-examples and problem-solving. This teaching method guides students to go through several cognitive developments. At the early stages of knowledge acquisition, novice students benefit more from worked-examples, which is a model of problem-solving. After they have gained sufficient knowledge, worked-examples may no longer be appropriate because the positive effects of worked-examples will be lost. Therefore, learning through problem-solving should be applied since students have already been equipped with profound domain knowledge. A quasi-experimental study with pre-test post-test design was conducted to investigate the effect of EPBL in Electrical Circuit Theory teaching and learning on Malaysian first year vocational diploma-level students’ performance and mental effort as well as the efficiency. The experiment was carried out for eight weeks with 38 students. The EPBL was used in the experimental group, while the existing teaching method based on Teacher-Centered Learning (TCL) is maintained for the control group. The students have completed the Electrical Circuit Theory Performance Test and the 9-Point Mental Effort Rating Scale. Established in a conducted experiment, the EPBL teaching method enhances vocational students’ performance and mental effort during learning as well as increasing the learning efficiency.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


17.

APPLYING PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION IN INCREASING PERFORMANCE OF PID CONTROLLER ON AVR SYSTEM
MUHAMMAD FALAH ARANZA, JAJA KUSTIKA, BAMBANG TRISNO, DADANG LUKMAN HAKIM

In this paper explains applying Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm and analyzing performance of PID controller on AVR (Automatic Voltage Regulator) system. Performance of PID controller is depend on Kp (Proportional Gain), Ki (Integral Gain) and Kd (Derivative Gain). These gains can be got by using method Ziegler-Nichols (ZN), Coheen COON, gain-phase margin, Root Locus, Minimum Variance dan Gain Scheduling, however these methods are not optimal to control systems that nonlinear and have high-orde, in addition, in calculating of these methods relative difficult. To solve those obstacles, particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is proposed to get Kp, Ki and Kd which optimal. Choosing PSO is caused PSO has result that convergence and not require many iterations, so that in calculating relative sufficient fast. Based on result of analyzing transient, stability Root Locus and frequency response, show that using PSO algorithm has performance of PID controller better than Ziegler-Nichols and system without PID controller.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


18.

Augmented Reality for Introduction of Unit System in Personal Computer
V R Palilingan; Gladly C Rorimpandey; Irsan I Kapoh

There are lots of technologies that used to develop a learning media. Creative and attractive are some of reasons the teachers want to develop a learning media. Technology Augmented Reality is the one of user interface technology. It is not just attractive and creative, but it is also can reduce the cost for purchasing a practical tool. Introduction of Unit System in Personal Computer is the part of Computer Assembly subject. So, aim of this research is to develop the learning media with augmented reality for Introduction of Unit System in Personal Computer. This research is used Multimedia Development Life Cycle (MDLC). An analysis is done to determine the user and system requirements so that a list of requirements for the new system may derive. The learning media has main feature that will show the object visualization in Augmented Reality. Other feature is visualization object in 2 Dimension. The learning media is then tested to ensure that all functionalities provided are running well. Finally a conclusion is made that the learning media has accomplished the project purposes and fulfilled the requirements.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


19.

Bandung Land-use Management toward a Compact City
Beta Paramita

The concept of a compact city has been introduced since 1973. It is an utopian vision largely driven by a desire to see more efficient uses of resources. In 1980s, the reconfiguration of the physical urban form of metropolitan areas was increasingly debated by both theorists and practitioners. Recently, the concept of a compact city is more focused on developed countries in which the population tends to decrease. However, in Asia, except Japan which contains many dense cities, it has become a concept which promotes relatively high residential density with mixed land uses, though rather only in population and density. This paper has two aims: first, to collect data on densities and other correlated data of cities similar to Bandung in developing countries. Secondly, to assess the land-use of each Bandung’s district. Finally, this paper explores the implications of land use management and describes challenges faced and possible approaches especially in land-use management strategies to be implemented in Bandung.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


20.

BATIK LESSON PLAN DESIGN BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM VALUE IN VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Adhani Nurul Hasanah, Tati, Ana, Isma Widiaty

The implementation of the 2013 curriculum reflects the scientific approach with the learner as the learning center. Batik lesson plan scenarios that are based on the value of local wisdom require validation results from expertise. This study aims to develop a batik lesson plan design based on local wisdom value in Vocational High School. The development of the lesson plan is using scientific learning. The method used in this study is the Research and Development (R & D) method, adopting the R & D stages developed by Plomp. The R & D stages conducted in this study are the investigation stage, design stage, realization stage, and product evaluation stage. The data was collected using observation, interview, documentation study and expert judgement. The expert judgement made by seven expert validators, including four teaching and learning experts, and three batik prominent figures in West Java. This study resulted in a batik lesson plan based on local wisdom value, and received a very good score from the expert validators in the field of teaching and learning, and the expert in the field of learning materials based on local wisdom values.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


21.

Building Education Facilities, an Assessment of FPBS - UPI on reducing overheat temperature
Elkandi, Iqbal, Beta Paramita

UPI as the largest land area among universities in Bandung, lies in geographical location within tropical climate zone. FPBS is one of faculty in UPI contain of three building groups. The measurement which conducted during the hottest day in October has shown the phenomena between the high outdoor temperature and low indoor temperature. The highest mean radiant temperature in the plaza shows 43C meanwhile the average of indoor air temperature shows 24-25C. Giving the respect of this phenomenon, this paper describes the climatic aspect of FPBSs building on reducing overheat temperature.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


22.

Challenges in Developing Engineering Class Design at Middle School Classroom to Improve Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics (STEM) Education
Ida Kaniawati1, 1, Irma Rahma Suwarma1, 2, Lilik Hasanah1, 3, Nuryani Y Rustaman1, 4, Elah Nurlaelah2,.5

Abstract. This paper discuss challenges in designing engineering class that conducted in a middle school to improve STEM education in Indonesia. The class emerged engineering process design with technology to improve creativity skill, problem solving skill, and science concept mastery. Engineering class design was implemented in several schools in US to embed STEM education into school curriculum that emphasized on engineering practice. However, the class design is newly introduced in Indonesia. In fact, the education system differences become a crucial challenge. The class design was created through STEM professional development program. Seven teachers from Muhammadiyah 8 Secondary School in Bandung followed this program. Designing method was initiated by giving STEM education knowledge review to improve teacher’s knowledge and perception. Furthermore, Teachers were divided into two groups to analyse the contents in different level. They analysed content curriculum in science, mathematics, and computer technology subjects, then created big themes that cover several concepts in the contents. Finally, they plan students’ STEM based project in a worksheet format that adapted engineering process design. Students in this class will be divided into six groups that have two different tasks; two group acts as a supplier, and the rest acts as engineer. The result implied that teachers created six STEM based projects plan that emphasizes engineering (E) practice design and integrates science (S), technology (T) and mathematics (M) to trigger students’ creativity, problem-solving skills, and improve students’ concept mastery. However, they meet challenges in using STEM context that reflect on time consuming, number of participant, activity location, products, occurred problems, and attained agreement among participant.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


23.

Characterisctic of Fly Ash and Coconut Fibre Ash as Cement Replacement Materials on Cement Paste Strength
Ridho Bayuaji, Riky Wahyu Kurniawan, Abdul Karim Yasin, Herta Ahsani Takwim Fatoni, Fa’izah Maulidya Afifah Lutfi

The wealth of local materials Indonesia have not been fully utilized in concrete technology. Concrete is the backbone material in the construction field. The main concept of the concrete material is composed of a binder and filler. Cement, concrete main binder highlighted by environmentalists as one of the industry are not environmentally friendly because of the burning of cement raw materials in the kiln requires energy up to a temperature of 1450o C and the output air waste CO2. On the other hand, the compound content of cement that can be utilized in innovation is Calcium Hydroxide (CaOH), this compound will react with pozzolan material and produces additional strength and durability of concrete, Calcium Silicate Hydrates (CSH).
Pozzolan materials used in this study were coconut fibers ash and fly ash. This material was used as cement replacement materials on cement paste. SNI-03-1974-1990 is standard used to clarify the compressive strength of cement paste at the age of 3 and 7 days.
To sum up of this study that the optimum composition of coconut fiber ash and fly ash to substitute 30% of cement with 25% and 5% for coconut fibers ash and fly ash.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


24.

Classroom Blog Use in Teaching Mathematics Engneering Related to Students Comprehenssion Ability
Dedi Rohendi

The use of blog in any other activities is increasing but there is limited research assessing whether blogs use in teaching learning process. Moreover, the contribution of student comprehenssion ability to the relationship between learning and blogs use has not been thoroughly investigated. To bridge this gap, students in mechanical engineering department class were investigated of their use of blog in the classroom. This study aims to 1) investigated the used of blog to increase the students comprehension abilities in mathematicaal engineerring.2) know the students compreenssion abilities by using classroom blogging. 3) know the students responses of using classroom blogging. The method used is a quasi-experiments method. Samples taken from the students of mechanical engineerring departement. The instrument used in this study are test kits (pretest and posttest) and questionnaires. Tests on classroom blogging media obtained results that the media deemed feasible for use, while based on the results of testing hypothesis that there is an increase in students comprehension concept skill of mathematics engineerring for the students using classroom blogging media in teaching learning process. It is shown from the normalized gain index was 0.69 in the classroom of students who use classroom blogging media on a middle criteria. While in questionnaries study give the result that students responds in average is agree with using classroom blogging.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


25.

Comparison of Performance of Partial Prestressed Beam-Column Subassemblages Made of Reactive Powder Concrete and Normal Concrete Materials Using Finite Element Models
S A Nurjannah , B Budiono , I Imran2, S Sugiri2

Research on concrete material continues in several countries and had produced a concrete type of Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC) which has a better compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, modulus of elasticity, and durability than normal concrete (NC) namely Reactive Powder Concrete (RPC). Researches on structures using RPC material showed that the RPC structures had a better performance than the NC structures in resisting gravity and lateral cyclic loads. In this study, an experiment was conducted to apply combination of constant axial and lateral cyclic loads to a prototype of RPC interior partial prestressed beam-column subassemblage (prototype of BCS-RPC) with a value of Partial Prestressed Ratio (PPR) of 31.72% on the beam. The test results were compared with finite element model of beam-column subassemblage made of RPC by PPR of 31.72% (BCS-RPC-31.72). Furthermore, there was BCS-RPC modeling with PPR of 21.39% (BCS-RPC-21.39) and beam-column subassemblages made of NC materials modeling with a value of PPR at 21.09% (BCS-NC-21.09) and 32.02% (BCS-NC-32.02). The purpose of this study was to determine the performance of the BCS-RPC models compared to the performance of the BCS-NC models with PPR values below and above 25%, which is the maximum limit of permitted PPR. The results showed that all models of BCS-RPC had a better performance than all models of BCS-NC and the BCS-RPC model with PPR above 25% still behaved ductile and was able to dissipate energy well.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


26.

Comparison of the Calculation QRS Angle for Bundle Branch Block Detection
Leonard Goeirmanto

QRS angle represent condition of blood circulation in the heart. Normally QRS angle is between -30 until 90 degree. Left Axis Defiation (LAD) and Right Axis Defiation (RAD) are abnormality conditions that lead to Bundle Branch Block. QRS angle is calculated using common method from physicians and compared to mathematical method using difference amplitudos and difference areas. We analyzed the standard 12 lead electrocardiogram data from MITBIH physiobank database. All methods using lead I and lead avF produce similar QRS angle and right QRS axis quadrant. QRS angle from mathematical method using difference areas is close to common method from physician. Mathematical method using difference areas can be used as a trigger for detecting heart condition.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


27.

Compliance of Indonesian Qualification Framework (IQF) towards ARQF: Challenges and Opportunities of the Referencing to Regional Qualification Framework
Agus Setiawan

Recently, TVET (Technical and Vocational Education and Training) become attract more attention because of its important role for the world economics development. In order to face global market and ASEAN Economics Community, standardization and harmonization in TVET sector in the region are crucial issues to overcome. Some efforts have been taken by government level and regional TVET organization to standardize and harmonize TVET sector. This paper address IQF in conjunction with ASEAN Reference Qualification Framework (ARQF) in the TVET sector. Since 2012, Indonesia has the IQF with a legal endorsement in the form of Presidential Decree no. 8/2012. The stages of the IQF’s implementation are currently being designed and partly applied. The development of IQF was stimulated by the fact that at present, education and training provision in Indonesia is fragmented and often poor in quality. The IQF consists of 9 levels characterized by both learning outcomes and job-specific competencies. The IQF is potentially useful mechanism for guiding curriculum reform, increasing the relevance of education and training, engaging with employers and articulating the knowledge and abilities expected at each level and developing opportunities for recognition of prior learning. The AQRF, a common reference framework, will function as a translation device to enable comparisons of qualifications across participating ASEAN countries.The AQRF purpose to enable comparison of qualifications across countries that will (a) Support recognition of qualifications, (b) Facilitate lifelong learning, (c) Promote and encourage credit transfer and learner mobility, (d) Promote worker mobility, (e) Lead to better understood and higher quality qualifications systems. The AQRF will support and enhance each country’s national qualifications framework or qualifications system while providing a mechanism to facilitate comparison and transparency. The ARQF will link the participating ASEAN NQFs or qualification systems and become the ASEAN’s mechanism for recognition of its qualifications against other regional and international qualifications systems. Comparison between IQF and ARQF, we find following points: (a) In term of descriptor, ARQF accommodates informal and prior learning while IQF tends to focus on formal education only, (b) ARQF derives qualification into 8 level of complexity of learning outcome while IQF defines 9 level, (c) Both ARQF and IQF refer learning outcome as a key feature of qualifications, (d) The level descriptors of ARQF include three domains: knowledge and skills, application and responsibility and accountability, while the level of descriptor of IQF include general descriptors which cover personality, working attitude and ethics and the specific descriptors which describe the knowledge and skills. In order to facilitate linking NQF levels against the levels in the AQRF, NQF or qualifications systems should have qualifications ‘demonstrably based on learning outcomes’. For national qualifications frameworks that are not based on learning outcomes, the referencing process and report should demonstrate progress towards a learning outcomes based approach. As a part of ASEAN, Indonesia has to refer AQRF. Therefore, Indonesia has to actively involve in development and referencing process of ARQF to avoid rigidity and lack of flexibility. In addition, the uniqueness of educational system of Indonesia and multicultural characteristics of Indonesia also has to be considered in the development and referencing process and strategy of implementation of ARQF.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


28.

Concept Development House Living Traditional Mandailaing in North Sumatra
Putri Lynna A. Luthan

Mandailing is one of the Batak ethnic in North Sumatra were classified as holding strong indigenous culture moress Mandailings contained in parts of the traditional houses. However, with the rapid development of modern houses will be possible extinction of the traditional residences containing cultural values. This study aimed to obtain the architecture of traditional houses Mandailing towards the development of the concept of living house modern while still containing cultural values. Mandailings containing values: 1) religion or beliefs, 2) kinship, 3) philosophy of life, 4) leadership and social contained the structure of traditional houses. The development concept is based on the concept of a traditional house Mandailaing Godang and Mandailing Julu contained in Mandailing region. The method used is a qualitative research method. The results were: 1) for the needs of people whose activities is high, then use the characteristics of the house that extends laterally, 2) for the needs of people whose activities are low, then use the characteristics of the house that extends backward. The second characteristic of the house still contains the values Mandailing culture.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


29.

Conceptual Design of Passive Safety System For Lead-Bismuth Cooled Fast Reactor
A.G. Abdullah, A.B.D. Nandiyanto

This paper presents the results of the conceptual design of passive safety systems for reactor power 225 MWth using Pb-Bi coolant. Main purpose of this research is to design of heat removal system from the reactor wall. The heat from the reactor wall is removed by RVACS system using the natural circulation from the atmosphere around the reactor at steady state. The calculation is performed numerically using Newton-Raphson method. The analysis involves the heat transfer systems in a radiation, conduction and natural convection. Heat transfer calculations is performed on the elements of the reactor vessel, outer wall of guard vessel and the separator plate. The simulation results conclude that the conceptual design is able to remove heat 1.33% to 4.67% from the thermal reactor power. It can be hypothesized if the reactor had an accident, the system can still overcome the heat due to decay.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


30.

CONCEPTUAL MODEL A TOOL TO ANALYSIS OF RELEVANCE CURRICULUM : Fulfillment Index Approach
Iwa Kuntadi, Isma Widiaty, Lilis Widaningsih, Ana

This research is motivated by the need for a software to analyze the relevance of curriculum of vocational schools (SMK) in accordance with the needs of the creative industries batik. Analysis of the relevance of the curriculum used is the approach fullfilment index which is a mathematical model of the analysis of the demand side of the creative industries batik. The method used in this design through the analysis stage of the existing demand side, the design of the conceptual model, and validation. Research results illustrate the conceptual model of fullfilment index consists of four dimensions of harmonization that aspects of quantity, quality, location, and time.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


31.

Conseptual Design Pedagogy Model of Hybrid Project Based Learning-PEPP&ER in Computer Networking Learning
Rudi Haryadi, Ade Gafar Abdullah

Learning process in vocational school should be able to prepare students with professional skills fit the demands of industrial standard. Professional activities in the workplace should be integrated in the learning process in the classroom. To realize this, we need a design model of pedagogy that can facilitate learning process in order to produce students with ability to work in accordance with the demands of the industry. Development of model design has done with collaboration of Project-based learning models and PEPPER model through mix method. This research resulted in the syntax of pedagogical hybrid models and learning tools that have characteristics of industrial standard which quantitatively tested into Learning of Computer Networking , so that the application of this model can improve the assessment of vocational education / vocational quality through quality graduates.

Topic: Engineering Education


32.

Contacless Inductive Chargers Design for Hand Phone Re-charging System
Pola Risma (a)*, Yurni Oktarina (a), M. Taufik Roseno (a)

The current trends are the development of contact less recharging method called inductive charging. Inductive charging is the hand phone recharging method using magnetic field instead of connecting the battery to the electric source. Components used for this system is a pad integrated to the hand phone that is functioning as transceiver of electric source to receiver through the air

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


33.

Continuing Professional Development of vocational teacher-Based Local Culture
Yadi Mulyadi

Continuous professional development of vocational teachers in the context of lifelong education is a series of the comprehensive system continuously performed, either formally or informally. Life experience is the structure of teacher built the perfect combination of culture process verbal skills, mastery of teaching materials and teacher professional mastery learning methods. The process of continuous professional development is not a natural process that is routine, traditional and runs by itself. However, have a process that requires strategic planning, clear and actual in a system structured in order to achieve better education. In fact, occur dichotomous debate the pros and cons, on the one hand, the continuous professional development to be one savior god improvement in the quality of education but on the other hand, criticism is also emerging. In general, the process of continuous professional development is an activity that is fragmented, coherent meeting that decontextualized and isolated from the real classroom situation. Approach to teacher professional development program continuous can be done with a variety of patterns and models. In this, paper will be developed five variables that affect the continuing professional development of teachers are competence mastery of a subject matter of knowledge, teaching and learning, personality, ethnopedagogy and self-efficacy.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


34.

Contrast Enhancement For Satellite Image Segmentation With Fuzzy Cluster Means Based Using Morphological Filtering Technique
Harsiti, Tb Ai Munandar, Akip Suhendar, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Dedi Rohendi

Image segmentation divides an image into some homogeneous regions based on the value of a certain similarity between the gray level of a pixel by pixel gray neighbors. The quality of image segmentation is generally influenced by the characteristics and handling of images to be processed. This research generally aims to perform segmentation of satellite images of an area using fuzzy cluster means (FCM). Improving the quality of segmentation results of this research was done by using morphological filtering (top-hat and boots-hat filtering) to increase the contrast of the image before segmentation. Four scenarios research was conducted to compare the results of image segmentation of a region. Namely, (1) pure image segmentation with FCM; (2) image segmentation with FCM after the top-hat techniques applied; (3) image segmentation with FCM after bot-hat techniques applied; and (4) image segmentation with FCM after being applied a combination of a top-hat and bot-hat filtering. Satellite imagery analysis carried out on 5 districts namely Pandeglang, Pagelaran, Mandalawangi, Menes and Saketi. The results of four scenarios show that, the use of pure FCM able to show the segmentation of objects analyzed, but the details of the edges of objects, either from the surface or side of the object is not visible. While the use of a top-hat fileting able to increase the contrast of the image before segmentation of the top surface of the image. On the other hand, the use of bot-hat filtering was able to detect the edges of objects by increasing the contrast of the background object, but was unable to reveal details of the surface of the object. While the use of morphological filtering can improve the contrast of the image before segmentation level, but the results of segmentation is difficult to identify the actual object to be analyzed.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


35.

Coordination Hydrothermal Interconnection Java-Bali Using Simulated Annealing
Bagus Wicaksono, Ade Gafar A, Wasimudin Surya S

Coordination of hyrdrothermal aim to minimize the total cost of the operating system that is represented by fuel costs and constraints for optimization. For further optimization, there are several methods that can be used. Simulated Annealing (SA) is one of the methods that can be used to solve the optimization problem. This method is inspired of annealing or cooling process in the manufacture of the materials composed of the crystals. On hydrothermal coordination has basic principle that the hydro generating as cantilever base load while the thermal generating as a cantilever load of the rest. In this paper, use 2 units hydro generating and 6 units thermal generating, 25 bus, with calculate transmission loss and load balance from each unit generating with software MATLAB to solve the calculating. Result total cost of hydrothermal coordination using simulated annealing for 24 hours amounted to $ 13288508.01.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


36.

Coordination Hydrothermal Power System Study in Java-Bali Network System Using Minimax Optimization Algorithm
Aris Primadi Alparisi, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Wasimudin Surya Saputra

In power system operation, coordination between power plants is an important things. The objective of hydrotermal power system coordination is to reduce the operational fuel cost. Theree are many optimization method had been depeloved,one of them is Minimax Optimization method. This method works by analyzing every possible combination formed of the hydrothermal combinatorial problem. Therefore, the algorithm will remove a combination of power plants that are not economically optimal. The optimization process involves six thermal power plants and two hydro plants with transmition loss considering. Optimization results using mnimax optimization sho, the fuel cost generation $ 18,401,423.23 is more economical $ 209,491.20 then PLN calculation.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


37.

Coordination System of Hydro-Thermal Generation with Calculate Transmission Loss based Genetic Algorithm
Noor Achmad Albar*, Ade Gaffar Abdullah

Hydro-thermal coordination system is an important procedure in the operation of electric power systems. This study proposes to implement the Genetic algorithm in solving the unit commitment problem in the Java-Bali interconnection system. Simulations performed on two hydro plants and six thermal plants. The results indicated that the hydro-thermal coordination with Genetic algorithm provides results that are economical compared with the real data system.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


38.

CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT AGROINDUSTRY ENGINEERING EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM BASED ON NEED STAKEHOLDERS
Elih Mulyana, Ati Sugiaarti, Siti Mujdalipah

Agro-Industry Engineering Education Studi Program ( PTAG ), Indonesian education university ( UPI ) is a new study program and the only formal education institutions, higher education vocational agriculture in Indonesia
As a new study program, the development and adjustment of the curriculum that had been developed at this time needs to be adjusted to the demand and need of stakeholders in order to achieve the competencies of graduates who are ready to work
The design used in this research is descriptive qualitative comparative approach to content analysis and data analysis technique use approach a percentage .
Suistability curriculum Agroindustrial Engineering Education Studi Program with Curriculum SMKN AHP ( Agribusiness Agricultural Products ) are 85.42 % . And Suistability curriculum Agroindustrial Engineering Education Studi Program with Curriculum SMKN TPHP ( Agricultural Products Processing Engineering ) contained 62.5 %.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


39.

DESIGN AND PRODUCTION UNIT MODEL WITH THEAPPROACH TO KNOWLEDGE BASED INDUSTRY IN SMK COMPETENCE EXPERTISE CLOTHING DESAIN
Mally Maeliah, Yoyoh Jubaedah, Neni Rohaeni

Abstract
This study was based on the fact that it is important to synchronize the competences of vocational school students or graduates and workplace requirements. The students should actually be equipped with abundant learning experiences tailored with the industrial requirements. The aim of this study was to produce a model production unit with the approach of Knowledge Based Industry Vocational Skills Competency in dressmaking. Specific targets to be achieved from this research is to produce: (1) The findings concerning the characteristics of the business management field of fashion in the opinion of the expert and practitioner, (2) Findings of the routine activities of the production units of clothing in Vocational Skills Competencing dressmaking, (3) Design models Unit Production Approach Knowledge with Based Industry Vocational Skills Competency in dressmaking, (4) Strengthening training programs in vocational competency fashion expertise. This research uses a descriptive method with the approach of Research and Development. This development studies are carried out in three stages, comprising: a preliminary study phase, the model development and validation of test models. The subjects consist of the students and master teachers on entrepreneurship subjects and productive skills in the vocational field of dressmaking. The data were collected through interviews, observation and documentation study. The results showed that, the design model of a production unit with the approach of Knowledge Based Industry in Vocational Skills Competency is designed to combine dressmaking boutiques and mass produk system adapted to the adjustment in production processes adapted to the demands of working in the fashion industry and consumers needs. To implement the model developed should be supported by adequate competence, in order to obtain the findings and strengthen the need for training of fashion competency skills for learners in business practices at the production unit that pioneered SMK. The outcomes of this study are: (1) Design Approach models Production Unit with Knowledge Based Industry Vocational Skills Competency in dressmaking, (2) training program strengthening competence in vocational fashion expertise, (3) the results of the research article is to be published in international journals.



Topic: Vocational Education and Training


40.

Design of SCADA System Simulation in Suralaya Steam Power Plant
Indra Karim Nugraha, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Dadang Lukman Hakim

Simulation SCADA system (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) is a software-based HMI (Human Machine Interface) that is able to visualize the process plant. This paper contains simulations scada system used for Suralaya Steam Power Plant. This generation system consists of three main processes, the processes of fuel such as coal, process of water as boiler filler (Steam source) and water as a coolant. This water is taken from seawater. This simulation uses technical data from Suralaya Steam Power Plant and software developed with Wonderware Intouch 10. This software comes with the component images, animation, display control, alarm system, historical trand, historical real-time and security system. This simulation illustrates the flow of energy and energy conversion in the plant. This simulation can be used as operator training before operating the real plant.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


41.

Design of Virtual SCADA Simulation System for Pressurized Water Reactor
Umar Wijaksono Ade Gafar Abdullah Dadang Lukman Hakim

The Virtual SCADA system is a software-based Human Machine Interface that is able to visualize the process of a plant. This paper described the results of the virtual SCADA system design that aims to recognize the principle of the Nuclear Power Plant type Pressurized Water Reactor. This simulation uses technical data of the Nuclear Power Plant Unit Olkiluoto 3 in Finland. This device was developed using Wonderware Intouch which is equipped with manual book for each component, animation links, alarm systems, real time and historical trending, and security system. The results showed that in general this device can demonstrate clearly the principles of energy flow and energy conversion processes in PWR reactors. This virtual SCADA simulation system can used as instructional media to recognize the principle of PWR reactor.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


42.

Design Optimization of Hyperboloid Geometry in Architecture
Rendy Perdana Khidmat

In order to assist architect in choosing an alternative of hyperboloid geometry in the early stage process of designing, this paper tries to demonstrate the use of parametric system with the genetic algorithm rules to perform multi objective optimization process. The experiments demonstrate the ability to utilize multi-objective optimization to map out the potential of each alternative toward the performance targeted. It is also to find the relation between the geometry and volume of materials used. Form Finding and Performance comparison is simulated in single system of parametric and optimization process. The result of simulation shows the variety of the designs individual that spread on the population field as a map of optimization process.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


43.

Design Simulator of SCADA System Geothermal Power Plant Kamojang
Hafizh Tri Januar*, Ade Gaffar Abdullah, Dadang Lukman Hakim

SCADA has an important in a power plant. SCADA is a modern control system based on a computer network used for control a process. Geothermal power plants one of the industries that use SCADA. Kamojang Geothermal Power Plants used as research objects and its already use a SCADA system. But the human machine interface (HMI) of the SCADA system used analog form and not all parts of the plant system can be controlled via the control room. Therefore needed a modern SCADA system so that the working efficiency of geothermal power generation systems may increase. This paper explain the design SCADA simulator Kamojang Geothermal Power Plant. The method used for design of this simulator is the experimental method. The design of this simulator used Wonderware Intouch 10.1 applications. This SCADA design can demonstrate flow diagram Kamojang Geothermal Power Plants with an attractive appearance and easy to understand. Historical trends, real-time trend and alarm systems are some parts of this SCADA design the display.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


44.

Designing A SCADA System Simulator For Nuclear Power Plant type Fast Breeder Reactor
Eka Nugraha, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Dadang Lukman Hakim

SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) system simulator is a Human Machine Interface-based software that is able to visualize the process of a plant. This study describes the results of the designing a SCADA system simulator that aims to facilitate the operator in monitoring, controlling, handling the alarm, accessing historical data and historical trends in Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) type Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR). This simulation uses technical data from NPP Kalpakkam, India. This simulator was developed using Wonderware Intouch software 10 and is equipped with main menu, plant overview, area graphics, control displays, setpoint display, alarm system, real-time trending, historical trending and security system. This simulator can simulate both the principle of energy flow and energy conversion process on NPP type FBR. This SCADA system simulator can be used as training media for plant operators.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


45.

Designing Media Flip Chart-Based Local Wisdom
Detria Tisna Putri, Tati, Isma Widiaty

This research is motivated by the lack of instructional media batik based on local wisdom in Vocational High School (SMK). The research objective is to design learning media on the subjects of batik based on local wisdom at SMK Negeri 14 Bandung in media forms flip chart. The method used is the Research and Development (R & D) model ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation), which has been adapted to the needs of the research includes the analysis, design and development or production. Samples were obtained from three experts learning batik, two instructional media experts, and two experts in West Java batik. The results obtained in the form of a product of learning media in the form of media flip chart for subjects based batik local wisdom. Media sheets behind on the subjects of batik based on local wisdom that has been designed showing the results of feasibility aspects as a learning medium is at a very decent criteria whereas the feasibility aspects of local knowledge content are in decent criteria. Recommendations can be delivered to the subject teachers are expected to use the media batik batik learning based on local wisdom that has researchers created. For further research to be followed up in digging the content of West Java batik from other regions or to develop other types of learning media.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


46.

DEVELOPING PROJECT-BASED LEARNING ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP SUBJECT MATTER AT FASHION DESIGN STUDY PROGRAM
Sicilia Sawitri1, Ade Novi Nurul Ichsani2, Siti Nurrohamah3,

The research aims to: (1) develop Project-Based Learning on Entrepreneur material at Home Economics Department, (2) produce kits of the Entrepreneurship Project-based Learning Model. Research and Development method was use in the research. The development stage consisted of 3 phases, i. e, (1) Need analyzed, (2) design the model, (3) validation. The instrument were used in the research Data analyzed were used percentage descriptive. The mean validity of the kits models from 3 expert were: 3.5, it was in good validity. The model kits can be used in the instructional activity in Entrepreneur Subject Matter. The result was, (1) the developed Project-based Learning entrepreneur model, (2) The validity of the model by expert, (3) the developed model satisfies validity criterion to be used on Entrepreneurship Subject Matter at Home Economics Departent.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


47.

DEVELOPING BASIC TEACHING MATERIALS AND ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENT FOR VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
ALIANGGA KUSUMA, MUKHIDIN, BACHTIAR HASAN

This research is aimed to develop teaching materials of basic principle and electrical measurement, and to figure out the feasibility of teaching materials which have been developed in SMK Negeri 1 Koba Kab. Bangka Tengah Bangka Belitung. This research method using the research & development (R & D) that begins with a preliminary study followed the development phase and product assessment. Research subjects are determined by using purposive sampling technique that consists of three expert judgment and 28 students electricity utilization installation techniques. Collecting data with tecnic documentation study, interview and questionnaire in the form of a questionnaire. The procedure of this research is the process of preparing the basic teaching materials and electrical measurements through the stages as follows: (a) A preliminary study, by conducting interviews with the head of the program and teachers. Studies syllabus analysis and analyzing core competencies in materials development. (b) Collect a source of learning and literature as well as the main points of the material to be prepared. (c) Preparation of draft basic teaching materials and electrical measurements. (d) The trial is limited products. (e) More extensive product testing. (f) Data processing and evaluation. The conclusion of this study is the development of teaching materials and the basic subjects, namely electrical measurements of curriculum materials developed in 2013 and syllabus basic subjects and electrical measurements, so that the teaching materials developed starting from the material of electric current and electron current, electrical materials, passive elements, active elements, resistive circuits direct current, two poles theorem, power and effort, switching circuits, system of units of measurement, measuring instruments and electrical measurements , and the type of measuring device. The validation of the feasibility of teaching materials and assessed by expert judgment, whereas for readability and use basic teaching materials and electrical measurements on the test in a number of students with results in both categories.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


48.

DEVELOPING PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT TO EVALUATE THE COMPETENCE ACHIEVEMENT IN PATISSERIE LEARNING
Mauren Gita, Ana, Sudjani

The lack of standardized assessment instruments which can assess student achievement competence in learning patisserie made the researchers motivated to create it. The purpose of this study is to create the design of assessment instrument which can be applied in teaching patisserie. This study used Developmental Research method. The development of performance assessment instrument consists of assessment indicators and assessment rubric. The development of assessment indicators must refer to the patisserie learning curriculum, which is the standard competence in “Making Bread Products” and the basis of competence in “Making Hard Roll and Soft Roll Bread”. The samples of this study were the eleventh graders and the subject teachers of SMK Negeri 9 Bandung, East Java. This study was conducted into two steps: (1) the preliminary stage, which consists of the identification problem, and (2) the formative evaluation stage, which consists of assessment theory, constructing the initial design model of instrument and rubrics, validation and revision, limited testing, and making report. The content and evaluation experts had validated well the assessment indicators to be used in field test. The results showed that the performance assessment instrument was suitable for assessing the student achievement competence and assisting teachers in assessing student achievement.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


49.

DEVELOPING THE EMERGING SKILLS FOR STUDENTS THROUGH WORK BASED LEARNING AT HO CHI MINH CITY UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION
Oanh D.T.K

In Vietnam, the lack of emerging skills of young workers is becoming a huge barrier to workers to meet the requirements of employers. To remedy this situation, higher education institutions in Vietnam is being encouraged to apply learner-centered methods in teaching and learning. Work Based Learning is one of many active teaching methods are widely applied to implement the training program built CDIO approach at Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education (HCMUTE). Practical products concerning System Thinking subject were created by the sophomore students at HCMUTE through Work Based Learning showing that students connect theoretical knowledge with specific work contexts and develop their emerging skills.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


50.

DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHING MATERIALS FOR ELECTROMECHANICAL BASIC WORK SUBJECT FOR VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
HILDA KHUSNUL KHARIMAH, MUKHIDIN, BACHTIAR HASAN

This research aims to develop teaching materials for basic electromechanical work subject and determine the feasibility of teaching materials that have been developed by teachers and students. The method used in this research is quantitative research methods using research design and development.
Teaching materials developed in this study is the book for Basic Electromechanical Works subject. This text book is for class X SMK Power Engineering Program with a thick 221 pages, which consists of five chapters. The materials contained in the book are based on core competencies and competency as well as the syllabus of basic electromechanical work subject in accordance with the curriculum of 2013.
Data processing results obtained from the testing of teachers which are seen from the aspect of feasibility assessment of textbook content, language feasibility and feasibility of graphic aspects of limited trials, are included in good category, while the broader test resulted in very good category. Student eligibility test results seen from the results of the questionnaire limited trial resulted in good categories and the results of more extensive trials are included in good categories.


Topic: Vocational Education and Training


51.

Development of teaching materials to interactive media using Adobe Flash to enhance the comprehension of Algorithms and Programming course on students of Telkom University
H Vidyaningtyas1 , L V Yovita1 , R Mayasari1 , B Hudiono2 and Y Jamiah2

The goal of this study is to see the effect of the use of interactive media on Algorithms and Programming course. Based on preliminary studies, the causes of sub-optimal student learning outcomes are the inadequate both of teaching material and media that are used in the learning. Related to these findings, it is necessary to do a development of teaching materials with interactive media on Algorithms and Programming to support the learning in order to optimize both conceptual understanding and ability of programming language implementation. The population in this study is a first year student of School of Electrical Engineering Telkom University, with a total sample of 30 people. Testing is done by giving the pretest and posttest to the entire sample, which is the pretest is given to students by using teaching materials in the form of powerpoint while the post-test was given to students after trying teaching materials coupled with interactive media. The obtained average value of posttest for each chapter is 94,17% for the Sorting Chapter and 96,67% for the Searching Chapter.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


52.

Development Technology And Engineering Literacy Through STEM-Based Science Education
Harry Firman, Nuryani Rustaman, Irma R Suwarma

This article discusses the development of Technology and Engineering literacy (TEL) that needed in facing 21st Century demands. It describes the sample of STEM-based activities to improve TEL that conducted in other country and Indonesia. It promotes further implementation of STEM-based activities in order to develop TEL in Indonesia.

Topic: Engineering Education


53.

Disaster-friendly Sundanese Traditional Building Construction
Johar Maknun, Tjahyani Busono, Nuryanto

Indonesia is a disaster-prone country. Local communities in particular areas have local knowledge for facing disasters. Such knowledge is commonly kept by members of the communities and applied to their environments, including houses. This research aims to describe disaster-friendly Sundanese traditional building construction. It employs the evaluation method, by comparing Sundanese traditional construction to the standards of disaster-friendly construction. The results indicate that the Sundanese traditional building constructions have been qualified as disaster-friendly buildings. This is supported by the evidence that in the event of an earthquake in 2009, no Sundanese traditional buildings collapsed.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


54.

e-agriculture based on wireless sensor network with xbee connection for monitoring soil
ahmad sumarudin (a*) Adnan Hasyim (a) Agung Efendi (a)

we propose e-agriculture system for monitoring soil. this system can monitoring soil status. monitoring system based on wireless sensor mote that sensing soil status. this sensor for monitoring utilize soil moisture, humidity and temperature. system monitoring design with mote based on microcontroler and xbee connection. data sensing send to gateway with star topology with 1 gateway. gateway utilize with mini personal computer and connect to xbee cordinator mode. on gateway, gateway include apache server for store data based on My-SQL. system web base with YII framework. system done implementation and can show soil status real time.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


55.

Economic Scheduling for Thermal Power Plants Considering Transmission Losses using Pattern Search
Eki Nandang Supriatna, Yadi Mulyadi, Ade Gafar Abdullah

In a thermal power plant, fuel is the heaviest item of operating cost. Therefore, it is need scheduling and dispatching the committed power generating outputs so as to meet the load demand at minimum operating cost, while satisfying all unit and system equality and inequality constraints. This paper presents a solution of the economic load dispatch problem including transmission losses using a pattern search algorithm. Transmission losses are presented explicitly in the equation so that the total energy consumption, consisting of both the generator’s operation costs and also the transmission losses, can be well considered. The B-coefficients are used to evaluate transmission loss in the system. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm has been tested on a thermal power plants system of 500 kV Java-Bali. A result of proposed method is compare with real condition of system. Based on the optimization results, it was found that the pattern search method is more economical than the real condition of system.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


56.

EDUCATIONAL LIFE SKILL MODEL WITH INTEGRATED LEARNING APPROACH IN ENHANCING LEARNERS’ INTEREST
Neni Rohaeni, Supandi, and Mirna Purnama Ningsih

This research is based on the lack of attention of life skill education in formal, non formal and informal education. The purpose of this study is to develop a model education life skill with integrated learning approach to improve the school tuition. The model was developed using the research and development approach, through : 1) the preliminary study, 2) the development of model, and 3) validation of the model. The preliminary study was conducted: a) study literature of the research’s problem, b) identification of the characteristics of life skill education which is integrated in the interest of program based on opinion experts and practitioners, c) the implementation of interest’s program learning, and d) design a model education life skill with integrated learning approach in improving school tuition. The stage of the development of model was conducted: a) development of learning materials of life skill education; b) trials of the design model. The validation was tested to produced a final model through empirical, evaluation and improvements study. Finnaly, the result of this study can provide both the model of life skill education with integrated learning approach in improving learners’ interest, and the teaching materials of life skill education.



Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


57.

Effect of Added Yam (Dioscorea esculenta) Flour Modified on Some Physico-chemical and Sensory Properties of Synbiotic Yoghurt
Mustika Nuramalia Handayani, Sri Handayani, Dewi Cakrawati

This research aims to knowing characteristics of yam (Dioscorea esculenta) flour modified; knowing effect of added yam flour modified on some physico-chemical and sensory properties of synbiotic yoghurt and determining the concentration level of yam flour modified to produce synbiotic yoghurt with the most preferred characteristics of panelists. The method used was a completely randomized design of experimental design which is the treatment factor is the concentration level of addition yam flour modified to produce synbiotic yoghurt with three concentration levels namely 2%, 4%, 6%. Observed characteristics of synbiotic yoghurt include some physico-chemical characteristics (pH, lactic acid levels) and sensory properties (color, flavour, aroma, texture) of synbiotic yoghurt. The results showed that yam (Dioscorea esculenta) flour modified characteristics are follows 7.72% moisture content, ash content of 1.42%, total dietary fiber content of 10.16%, 7.49% inulin content, total starch content of 71.78%, solubility is 77.63%, water absorption 136.65%, 618.86% swelling power, and yield of 10.54%. The addition of yam flour modified in produce synbiotic yoghurt provide a significantly different effect on hedonic quality test (texture), but does not give a significantly different effect on the color, flavour and aroma. Based on the analysis of hedonic quality, synbiotic yoghurt with the addition of yam flour modified 2% is the most preferred characteristics of panelists from the aspect of color, aroma, flavor, texture. It has a pH value of 4.48, lactic acid levels is 1.7%.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


58.

EFFECT OF LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT AND FAMILY BACKGROUND OF MOTIVATION ENTREPRENEURSHIP AT UPI DPTA BANDUNG
RISKHA MARDIANA ; M. SYAOM BARLIANA ; BACHTIAR HASAN

This study aims to determine the influence of learning achievement and family background to the motivation of entrepreneurship in students of Architecture and Architectural Education at UPI DPTA.
The study took place in Indonesian Education University (UPI) Study program Architecture and Architectural Education. The population in this study amounted to 66 students and the sample taken is student class of 2011, amounting to 61 students. This study uses a quantitative approach with descriptive methods correlation. Testing requirements analysis including normality test and simple regression.
Menungkapkan research results that: (1) learning achievement against the background of the family gave a low influence on the study program Architectural Engineering, while the department of architectural engineering education learning achievement against the background of the family gives the same effect is low. (2) Achievement of learning on entrepreneurship motivation is very low influence on architectural engineering study program, nor is the case with the education department of architectural engineering is very low among members influence learning achievement towards entrepreneurship motivation. (3) In order to influence the architectural engineering department of backgrounds with low entrepreneurial motivation, while the education department of architectural engineering background on entrepreneurship motivation influence is very low. (4) The learning achievement and family background has a low influence on the department of architectural engineering, architectural engineering education for the department of learning achievement and family background and motivation for entrepreneurship members of different influences which is very low.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


59.

Effect of Student Participation in Production Unit to the Student Work Readiness in the Field of Agro-Industry
Puji Rahmawati Nurcahyani, Fika Awalia Rizki, Yatti Sugiarti

Vocational high school students (SMK) is prepared to enter the workforce and become profesional employee. But not all vocational students are ready to enter the working world. Therefore, the school seeks to develop students skills in the activities of the unit produksi. But not all vocational students are ready to enter the working world. Therefore, the school seeks to develop students skills in the activities of production units. The purpose of this study was to determine: 1) the influence of students participation in the production unit to the job readiness of students of agricultural processing (the field of Agro-Industry); 2) the influence of student participation in the production unit to the job readiness of students of agricultural processing (in the field of Agro-Industry). The research method used is descriptive regression analysis with quantitative approach. The study population was students of agricultural processing SMK 1 Kuningan. The sampling technique using probability sampling. The results showed: 1) the participation of students in the production unit and job readiness of students in the category is quite high; 2) The influence of positive and significant correlation between student participation on the readiness of the students work in the field of Agro-industry; 3) The regression coefficient generated is 741 (high or strong); 4) Contributions participation of students in the production unit to the job readiness of students is 54,9% (high enough). Results of the study are that the higher participation of students in the production unit support to the higher job readiness of students.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


60.

Effects of computer simulation-based learning on students’ academic achievement and skill performance in woodwork technology: A study of Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Robert Ogbanje okwori phD

This study was carried out to determine the effects of computer simulation- based learning on students’ academic achievement in woodwork technology. The study was conducted at Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria and it used all the students in 300 level where there was high number of students in woodwork technology option. The study adopted quasi-experimental research design which involved groups of students in their intact class assigned to treatment groups. The entire population of 300 level made up of 25 students specializing in woodwork technology was used for the study of which 13 students were assigned to Woodwork Technology Computer simulation Package (WWTCSP) and other 12 students assigned to conventional method. These individual groups were examined after using these methods to learn for two weeks. Two research questions and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The instruments used for data collection were Woodwork Technology Achievement Test (WWTAT) and Woodwork Technology Computer Simulation Practical Test (WWTCSPT). The instruments were subjected to validation by three experts in woodwork technology section of the above university. The instrument was also was subjected to pilot study and a test- retest method was employed. Pearson Product Moment correction was used to determine the reliability coefficient of the instrument and it was found to be 0.86. Mean was used to answer the research questions while t-test statistics and ANCOVA were employed to test the hypotheses. The study found out that computer simulation- based learning is more effective in improving students’ academic achievement and skill performance than conventional method of learning. The study found out that there is no significant interaction effect between learning methods and gender of students in the test on woodwork technology achievement. It is therefore, recommended among others that woodwork technology lectures should emphasize computer simulation- based learning towards effective understanding of the topic taught in woodwork technology and the university should provide adequate computer for effective participation of students in computer simulation-based learning.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


61.

Effects of MgO buffer annealing on optical and electrical quality of P-MBE grown ZnO films
Agus Setiawan

Zinc oxide (ZnO) has been attracting much attention because of its potential applications in photonic and optoelectronic devices. The notable properties of ZnO include direct band energy gap (Eg=3.37 eV at RT), large exciton binding energy of 60 meV, and strong cohesive energy of 1.89 eV. In this present study, we investigated the effect of MgO buffer annealing on the optical and electrical quality of P-MBE grown ZnO films on c-sapphire with MgO buffer layer. The optical quality of the ZnO samples were observed by low-temperature PL (photoluminescence) measurement in the near band edge emission region measured at 10K and at 77K. The emission line located at 3.368eV dominates the spectrum in both samples at 10K. This emission can be divided into two peaks, 3.367eV and 3.363eV and assigned as I2 (ionized donor bound excitons emission) and I4 (Hydrogen donor related emission), respectively. These lines are clearly resolved into two lines at 77K in the sample with annealing. The relative intensity of these donor bound exactions to free exaction emission of the sample without MgO buffer annealing is greater than that of the sample with MgO buffer annealing. At the lower energy region, a sharp emission located at 3.335eV and longitudinal optical (LO) phonon assisted bound exaction emission were observed in both samples. For the temperature dependence of PL spectra, the intensity of the emission line at 3.335eV reduces like donor bound exactions with increasing temperature. Accordingly, this line can be attributed to exaction nature. At 77K, free exciton-A emission located at 3.374eV becomes dominant instead of donor bound excitons. The free exciton-B emission appears at 3.380eV with 6 meV energy spacing to the free exciton-A emission. LO-phonon replica of the free exciton emission clearly appeared at 3.312eV, 3.239eV, and 3.166eV. As each spectrum of excitonic emission lines can be resolved, the emission lines from the sample with MgO buffer annealing have narrower spectral width compared to those of ZnO without MgO buffer annealing. This indicates better crystal quality of ZnO film with MgO-buffer annealing. From the room temperature PL spectra measurement, we found that the free exciton emission at 3.31eV and a broad deep-level emission at around 1.75eV were observed in both the samples. Comparison of the PL spectra of ZnO with and without annealing revealed that the intensity of free exciton emission from the sample with MgO buffer annealing is twice of that from the sample without annealing. We also found that the intensity of deep-level broad emission is reduced by about 1/3 by MgO-buffer annealing. Hence, the decrease of deep level emission intensity and the increase of free exciton emission intensity by annealing of MgO buffer corresponds to the reduction of defects of the ZnO film. The PL properties suggest that there are fewer nonradiative recombination centers in ZnO layers with MgO buffer annealing than those in ZnO layers grown without MgO buffer annealing. The electrical quality was measured by room temperature Hall measurements. We found that the samples have a background n-type carrier concentration. The ZnO samples with MgO buffer annealing has carrier concentration of 1.17x1017 cm-3 and Hall mobility of 120 cm2/V.s, while the ZnO sample without MgO buffer annealing has carrier concentration of 2.63 x 1016 cm-3 and Hall mobility of 105 cm2/V.s. The improvement of electron mobility of ZnO films by MgO buffer annealing is due to a decrease in dislocation density. We conclude that annealing of MgO buffer layer increases the optical and electrical quality of the ZnO films. These results agree with the structural quality as observed by HRXRD.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


62.

Effects of Using Passive Filter for Reduce Electrical Load Harmonics
Tasma Sucita


Due to the use of electrical current load that uses a lot of electronic components (passive non-linear electrical loads), so the impact will cause harmonics in the electrical network system. These harmonics can unwittingly cause a relatively large loss in electrical energy consumption and can lower the power factor of an electrical installation. Limits how much the harmonic distortion that is installed on the load adjusted to the IEEE 519-1992 standard. The study was conducted by taking data on a network of electrical installation of a building using measuring devices Fluke 43B Power Quality Analyzer. The data is then processed and consulted with the standard IEEE 519-1992. Once the data has a discrepancy with the standard, further made the filter design using linear passive components. The design is then installed on the network installation by means of simulated order harmonic losses can be overcome so that the circuit meets the IEEE standard installation by changing the parameters of the linear load L and C. The results of this study indicate that THDi value decreased after the installation of filters for phase R fell by 9.39%, the S phase decreased by 7.54% and for the T phase decreased by 16.88%. So that meets the IEEE standard by 15%.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


63.

Electric Differential at HYVO15 Car using Hub Motor Front Drive for Energy Efficient when Turn Left and Right
I Wayan Adiyasa (a*), Aan Yudianto (b)

Front-wheel drive electric car using a hub motor has a weakness when the car turn right or left is very difficult to control and needs a lot of energy is wasted due to tire slippage. The study used cars Oddyse Hybrid Vehicle 15 with the microcontroller as a test of the number of revolutions per corner and the current time of loading.

The method used is research and development. When turning left and right wheel speed is set with an ATmega328 microcontroller based on input from steering wheel angle and the right and left motor current. Input the angle of the steering wheel will adjust the speed rotary wheel right and left. Input motor current is used to determine the amount of current that must be distributed to adjust the motor speed when turning.

The results showed savings of electric current on the vehicle so that the more efficient use of current. HYVO control when turning easier while using Electric Differential. A reduction in front tire skid when turning to the right and to the left.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


64.

Embodied Energy Analysis of Wall Construction Building
Sri Novianthi Pratiwi, Trias Megayanti

Assessment of environmentally friendly building materials can be analyzed from the life cycle of building materials, ranging from how the building materials were made to how the materials are can be decomposed in environment. The lower harmful emissions to environment, thus the building materials could be considered as an environmentally friendly material. In fact, most of the main resources of the energy that use in the cycle of building materials are from fossil energy. Fossil energy source known for its CO2 emission that is harmful to environment. This aim of this study is to analyze the embodied energy in the materials of wall construction, such as concrete block, cement, sand, and paint. In addition it is expected that the architectural design substance, particularly on type of construction wall could also control the value of embodied energy.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


65.

Enhancement of Kumar’s Sentiment Analysis Algorithm with Additional of Target Variable
Arry Akhmad Arman (a), Adi Bhasyudewo Kawi (b), Ratih Hurriyati (c)

There is a lot of research about sentiment out there that the source may come from Twitter or product review on the internet. It is very unfortunate that Indonesia, one of the most active country on the internet does not have many research in their language. This research addressed to develop sentiment classification technique in Indonesian language. Algorithm that we use inspired by research from Kumar and Sebastian [1] with different approach. The technique that we use in this research is considering sentiment’s target that deliberately ignored in classifying sentiment. While the addition of the parameter obtained no significant increase in accuracy, algorithm development shown promising result in providing additional benefit in sentiment classification and get the sentiment’s target.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


66.

Enhanching student achievement in MRSM felda (trolak) Malaysia with cooperative learning method type numbered head together (NHT) using smart card and multimedia based learning of endangered ecosystem
Heru Setiawan, and Wiwi Isnaeni

The aim of this study is determine the effectivity of cooperative learning methods Numbered Head Together (NHT) using Smart Card and multimedia based learning on student achievement in the subject matter Endangered ecosystem in Form 4 MRSM Felda (Trolak) Malaysia in academic year 2014/2015. The method used was experimental method. Data collection techniques of cognitive learning achievement using tests while affective achievement of students using a questionnaire. Data analysis techniques for hypothesis testing using t- test. From the results of this study concluded that cooperative learning methods Numbered Head Together (NHT) using Smart Card and multimedia media effective to enhanching student achievement of Endangered ecosystem in Form 4 MRSM Felda (Trolak) Malaysia. This is evident from the increase of cognitive average of learning achievement in experimental class is higher than the increase in the cognitive aspects of learning achievement and the control class average value of affective for experimental class is higher than the average value of affective control class. It can be seen from the results of the t test for cognitive and affective learning achievement that greater than t table.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


67.

Enhancing Human Capital High Quality through Technology Revolution and Transformation of Technical and Vocational Education And Training (TVET) in Malaysia
Mohamad Amin Hamat & Mahadzir Ahmad

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is concerned with the acquisition of knowledge and skills for the world of work. This paper discusses the transformation in the field of TVET in workforce in most countries especially Malaysia. Additionally, this paper reviews the evidence, impact and discusses the importance of the TVET transformation for human capital development in Malaysia influence by the technology. In addition to discussing the importance of technology to the TVET actors, especially in the field of TVET this paper also highlight the development of human capital high quality.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


68.

Entrepreneurial Model Based Technology Creative Industries Sector Software through the Use of Free Open Source Software (FOSS) for Students UPI
Bachtiar Hasan, Hasbullah, Wawan Purnama, Agus Heri S

Creative industry development areas of software (software) by using free open source software (FOSS) is expected to be one of the solutions to foster new entrepreneurs from the students who can open up job opportunities for them and contribute to economic development in Indonesia. This study aims to create entrepreneurial coaching model based on the creative industries by utilizing FOSS software field as well as provide understanding and fostering entrepreneurial creative industries based field software for students UPI. This activity phase begins with identifying entrepreneurs or business software technology that will be developed, training and mentoring, apprenticeship process at industrial partners, creation of business plans and monitoring and evaluation. This activity involves 30 students UPI which has the motivation to self-employment and have competence in the field of information technology. The results and outcomes expected from these activities is the birth of a number of new entrepreneurs from the students engaged in software and software in the world of commerce (e-commerce) or education or learning (e-learning / LMS).

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


69.

ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION LEARNING MODEL IN VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOL
Sarwa and M. Syaom Barliana

The research objective was to develop a learning model of Entrepreneurship Education (EE) in vocational secondary school (SMK). Development of a learning model was designed to ELT (Experiential Learning Theory), which are aligned with best practices in SMK. The research methode was used by R & D model in three stages : preliminary study, model development, and classroom experiment. The results of a preliminary study of 6 samples SMK in Medan, Binjai and Deli Serdang obtained: learning materials on theoritical entrepreneurship, learning methods with lectures and discussions; learning evaluation was conducted using a written test. The design of teaching materials "Craft and Entrepreneurship" incompatible with competency of vocational students. Teachers difficult to apply the teaching materials and implementing the scientific method in learning EE. EE learning model that is suitable for vocational students are practical entrepreneurship of technopreneur, Experiential Learning methode, portfolio and observation base evaluation

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


70.

ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION LEARNING MODEL IN VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOL
Sarwa, M.Syaom Barliana, Asari Djohar, and Suryana

The research objective was to develop a learning model of Entrepreneurship Education (EE) in vocational secondary school (SMK). Development of a learning model was designed to Experiential Learning Theory (ELT), which are aligned with best practices in SMK. The research method was used by Research and Development (R & D) model in three stages : preliminary study, model development, and classroom experiment. The results of a preliminary study of 6 samples SMK in Medan, Binjai and Deli Serdang obtained: learning materials on theoretical entrepreneurship, learning methods with lectures and discussions; learning evaluation was conducted using a written test. The design of teaching materials "Craft and Entrepreneurship" incompatible with competency of vocational students. EE learning model that is suitable for vocational students are practical entrepreneurship of technopreneur, Experiential Learning Method, portfolio and observation base evaluation.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


71.

Evaluation of Expert System Application Based On Usability Aspects
Cindy P. C. Munaiseche, Olivia E. S. Liando

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the part of computer science concerned with designing intelligent computer systems, that is, systems that exhibit the characteristics we associate with intelligence in human behavior. AI programs that achieve expert-level competence in solving problems in task areas by bringing to bear a body of knowledge about specific tasks are called knowledge-based or expert systems. Today, expert systems are widely applied in medicine for prognosis, diagnosis, checkup, and treatment of various kinds of diseases. This paper presents an expert system that diagnosing skin diseases at early stage can enable to overcome and treat them appropriately.
Usability testing conducted to determine whether or not this expert system satisfies the acceptance criteria and to enable the user, customers or other authorized entity to determine whether or not to accept the system. This research used quastionnaire as the primary method of usability evaluation with affect learnability, efficiency, memorability, errors, and satisfaction as evaluation criteria. The software evaluation result of this application indicates that the value of usability acceptance by the user is over the number of 3 (over the median) in the scale of 5 or has an average value of 4. In general, the web application software has a good value of usability, i.e. learnability, efficiency, memorability, errors and satisfaction.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


72.

EXPLORATION OF MAKING DATE SEEDS’S FLOUR AND ITS NUTRITIONAL CONTENS ANALYSIS
Meda Wahini

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L) is a palm plant that is identical with peoples lives the Middle East and the Arabic kingdom. Date palm is known and consumed by most of the people in the form of pulp, while the seeds are discarded, whereas palm seeds are rich in nutrition. Therefore, it need to be explored the potential of date seeds through innovation production of foodstuffs with a high nutritional value. The aims of this study were to 1) trial how making flour from the date seeds, and 2) determine the nutrient content of the date seeds flour. This study was experiment in the making of the date seeds’s flour treated with different drying process on seeds. It conducted in July, 2015 at the laboratory of food technology, Family Welfare Education department, The State University of Surabaya. The results showed that 1) the processing of date seeds into flour is washing, soaking in sodium bisulfite for 24 hours, washing over, boiling at 100 ° C temperature for 60 minutes, draining, drying in the oven at 100 ° C temperature for 6 hours and drying under the sun for 2 days, grinding through the destruction with a hammer and milling machines, sieving, and flour ready for use; 2) date seeds Flour with sun dried contains 33.84% of carbohydrates; 26.52% of Protein; 31.54% of Fat; Minerals (102.42 mg /100gr of Ca, 81.05 mg/100gr of P, 16.54 mg/110gr of Fe), also vitamins ( 3.08 mg/100gr of B, 23.55 mg/100gr of C); whereas the nutritional value of date seeds flour through a drying oven was 5.03% of protein; 12.37% of fat; Minerals (64 mg/100gr of CA, 62 mg/100gr of P, 16.54 mg/100g of Fe), and vitamins (5% of A, no C, 2% K). This study explain that date seeds which is considered of waste, but in fact it has high-value, that can be alternative ingredient which subtitute wheat flour

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


73.

Extract Transformation Loading From OLTP Data to OLAP Data using Pentaho Data Integration
Reynaldo J. Salaki, Jimmy Waworuntu, Irene R.H.T. Tangkawarow

Support data warehouse expected to solve the evaluation problems of teaching and learning outcomes as well as the information relevance received as a support in decision-making by leadership (executive) level. The data warehouse is important to designed utilize the existing information resources. Data warehouse for student' scores can help the process of evaluation, decision making even further planning of PTIK study program. Diversity of data source in PTIK study program made decision-making and evaluation not easy. Pentaho Data Integration used for integrate data in PTIK easily. This data warehouse design with multidimensional database modeling approach by using dimension table and fact table.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


74.

FACTORS AFFECTING THE COMPETENCE OF WORKING STUDENTS SMK STATE TOURISM IN HOTEL AND RESTAURANT BANDUNG
NIA LESTARI; DANNY MEIRAWAN; ANA

This study aims to determine "the factors suspected to affect the competence of the authors work to limit to two variables: motivation and work attitude.
The study took place in SMK Negeri 9 Bandung. Population in this research is the students who have done the work practices of the industry (prakerin), the number of members of the study sample totaled 52 people, sample testing of instruments made to students who have done prakerin outside the sample. This study using inferential method with quantitative approach. Data were collected through questionnaires, documentation, and testing. The raw data obtained later in the reduction, are summarized and grouped by category of existing and tested the validity, reliability, and hypothesis.
Results of the study revealed that: (1) There is influence that significance between work motivation to work competence, among others include the interest in the work can be categorized as very good and perseverance in carrying out work practices, tenacity in working and sharpness of attention at work, a desire to excel in work practices, and independence in the following aspects of employment practices that are in the category of good. (2) There is no significant effect, work attitude toward work competence. Working attitude towards work competence include: be able to keep objects / equipment entrusted, aspects of the discipline in the form of attending regularly and on time, and obey the rules / regulations, liable to the task given, accept the risk of the action taken and maintaining and storing equipment / goods, cooperation be able to work together in groups, maintaining effective working relationships, and provide assistance and support to others, initiatives such as looking for new challenges, develop themselves and the opportunity to learn, and have an idea / action and innovative solutions. (3) work motivation and work attitude does not affect the competence of work.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


75.

Factors that affect of Leadership Effectiveness in Vocational High School
Nathanael Sitanggang

The objective of the research were to investigate the effects of interpersonal skills, task structure and directive leader behaviour on leadership effectiveness. This research was conducted at Vocational Schools (SMK) in Medan, using the survey method with 132 principals as population and the sample of 60 principals as respondents who were selected by applying proportional random sampling. The hypotheses were tested by path analysis. This research findings were as follows (1) There was a significantly direct positive effect of interpersonal skills on directive leader behaviour; (2) There was a significantly direct positive effect of task structure on directive leader behaviour; (3) There was a significantly direct positive effect of interpersonal skills leadership effectiveness; (4) There was a significantly direct positive effect of directive leader behaviour on leadership effectiveness.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


76.

First Principles Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Graphene Growth on Nickel (111) Surface
Rizal Arifin(a,c*), Yasushi Shibuta(b), Kohei Shimamura(a), Fuyuki Shimojo(a)

The mechanism of the graphene growth on the nickel (111) surface is studied using first principles molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The effects of growth temperature and concentration of carbon atoms on the nickel (111) surface are investigated. It is found from the MD simulation that the optimum temperature for the graphene growth is approximately around 1000 K, although the graphene can also be grown at lower temperatures (~800 K) in a high concentration of carbon atoms which is in good agreement with the experiment.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


77.

FPMIPA Building form and layout, their role on campus microclimate
Murry, Shinta, Beta

FPMIPA is one of the greatest architecture design in Indonesia University of Education.
Design and built under the provision of JICA, Japan has made this building as one of the good sample in building education facility. The role of building form and layout of FPMIPA then going to describe their impact toward campus microclimate.
The measurement during the hottest day in October describes the implication of physical aspect such as building height, distance between them and green open space toward the microclimate condition.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


78.

Going back to the past : The Design of Historical Museum of Indonesia’s People Struggle
R. Arry Swaradhigraha, R. Irawan Surasetja, Trias Megayanti

History is a legacy that must understood for the young generations, especially for history of people struggle. Citizen of Indonesia have to regrow the values of struggle that has been by our heroes to building this people and country. The values will cast apathetic attitudes that cause people’s problems at this moment . The values is important in developing the nation’s character. Although the country has stood for almost 70 years, it is still struggling to be a developed country due to apathetic. Normally, history only packed in books and movies. Through architecture could changes be a space form, hence the citizen could understanding with feels conditions as the time it happened. Through the space, values, and essence of pass time could delivered to citizens. The concept of museum is aim visitors for understanding the history with flow, hence visitors could understand the whole history. The visitors will flowed of the first time is National Awakening until the time of Revolution, hence the visitors could Interpret the heroes’ struggle in built this country.Through such historical structure, it is expected that the lessons in the history, which are usually delivered in books or papers, could be conveyed through real-life experience in a simpler manner. Finally, the visitors’ mindset could change because they’ve interpreted heroes’ struggle. Hence, the structure could contribute more on building the nation’s character.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


79.

Green and Sustainable Development in Asia Pacific Countries
Professor Dr. Ramlee B. Mustapha, Ph.D


Green paradigm is emerging in Asia. In order to achieve sustainability, green development is critical. The growing significance of sustainability is having a major impact on business, industry, and society as a whole. Hence, preparing the future workforce for the coming green economy is a challenging task for many Asian countries especially in TVET sector in the post-2015 agenda. As a ground work, transforming TVET in Asia to meet the challenges of the green economy for the purpose of sustainability should begin now. The aim of this paper is to map the sustainable development in terms of green mindset, creativity, lifestyle, economy, education, training, employability and sustainability in selected Asian countries. A country’s quantum leap or leap-frogging in sustainable economy is dependent of its transformation of human resources especially in TVET sector. Thus, TVET sector should be transformed to fit the requirements of the sustainable green paradigm. The results posit the country’s policies, best practices, and challenges toward green economy in order to achieve sustainable development. Finally, the implication of green paradigm on TVET system in selected countries in the Asia Pacific will be discussed.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


80.

Growth Mechanism of GaAs1-xSbx Ternary Alloy Thin Film on MOCVD Reactor using Metal Organic Sources TMGa, TDMAAs and TDMASb
A. Suhandi1), Y. R. Tayubi1), P. Arifin2)

Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) is a method for growing a solid material (in the form of thin films, especially for semiconductor materials) using vapor phase metal organic sources. Studies on the growth mechanism of GaAs1-xSbx ternary alloy thin solid film in the range of miscibility-gap using metal organic sources trimethylgallium (TMGa), trisdimethylaminoarsenic (TDMAAs), and trisdimethylaminoantimony (TDMASb) on MOCVD reactor has been done to understand the physical and chemical processes involved. Knowledge of the processes that occur during alloy formation is very important to determine the couple of growth condition and growth parameters are appropriate for yield high quality GaAs1-xSbx alloy. The mechanisms has been studied include decomposition of metal organic sources and chemical reactions that may occur, the incorporation of the alloy elements forming and the contaminants element that are formed in the gown thin film. This paper describes the results of studies on the visibility and growth mechanism of GaAs1-xSbx alloy on MOCVD reactor by using a regular-solution model. As evidence of the potency of the MOCVD technique in growing GaAs1-xSbx ternary alloy in the range of miscibility gap, this exposure is also supported by the data resulted from the experimental of growing GaAs1-xSbx thin film using MOCVD technique. Tipe of MOCVD Reactor used in this study is a vertical type contained in Laboratory for Electronic Material Physics at Departement of Physics ITB

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


81.

Growth Mechanism of Co:TiO2 Thin Film Deposited by Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition Technique
Aip Saripudin and Pepen Arifin

Cobalt-doped TiO2 thin films were grown on n-type silicon substrate. The films were grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition method. The growth temperature was varied of 325oC – 450oC. The films were characterized by SEM. In this research, we focus on the growth mechanism of film. Using Arhenius equation, it is known that the activation energy value of film growth is positive at the range of temperature of 325oC – 400oC and negative at the range of temperature of 400oC – 450oC. These results show that the decomposition rate at the range of temperature of 325oC – 400oC is due to diffusion phase of precursor gaseous. On the other hand, the decomposition rate decreased because the precursor gaseous decreased and the surface chemical reaction was high.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


82.

HALAL EDUCATION IN TVET: ROLES OF MALAYSIAN POLYTECHNICS IN CREATING HALAL COMPETENT WORKFORCE
AHMAD SAHIR JAIS, ZULIANA ALIMAN, KAMAL ALI

This paper will discuss on the position and function played by Malaysian Polytechnics in halal education, in the context of Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET). This paper tries objectively to examine the position of halal in TVET framework, discuss and examine the role of polytechnics in producing halal competent graduate and finally to seek the significance of dietary halal in TVET framework holistically.Dietary halal in Malaysia has gained prominence exposure in recent years, due to the heighten awareness among Muslim consumers. Therefore, this has contributed to a surge in demand for halal food. The growth in halal sub-sectors have a consequent and significant effect on the demand for halal competent workforce, resulting in inadequate supplies of workforce towards the industries that cannot be matched by the educational institution.A critical review of previous literature as well as documents analysis of the curriculum structure, highlighted several themes concerning dietary halal in the Malaysia’s educational system, as well as the depth of halal education ingrained in the Malaysian polytechnics education system.The results indicate that halal education was not given prominent spots and due recognition in the overall TVET framework in Malaysia. Halal education was sparsely highlighted in the education system. In tertiary level, Malaysian Polytechnics has taken up the role of producing halal competent workforce at a low and supervisory level by introducing halal related and focused programs and courses, fostering collaborative effort with the industry and developing halal curriculum that match industry requirements. Halal market are expected to grow exponentially in later years, which seems highly significant to place and introduce halal as part of TVET educational content. The role of polytechnics in producing halal competent workforce cannot be denied. It filled a gap of producing halal competent workforce at the middle and supervisory level, whereby the demand for this position is huge as compared to a managerial position. In a larger TVET Framework, halal should be included or at least embedded as part of the TVET structure since the demands for halal competent workforce are in demand.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


83.

Impact of Changing Influence Range Fuzzy Subtractive Clustering for Anomalous Load Forecasting Accuracy
Firna Anindyaputri Respati, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Yadi Mulyadi

Short term load forecasting (STLF) has important role for reliability and economic operation of electrical power system. In this paper , fuzzy subtractive clustering (FSC) method is used in STLF of electrical power system for spesial days in anomalous load conditions. These anomalous loads occuring during national holidays. This method is applied on dataset of Region 2 Java-Bali to forecast the load demand on half-hour in national holidays (anomalous load). The proposed methodology has been to decrease the forecasted error value. Finally, the result shows that FSC implementation for STLF of regional load have more acuraccy and better outcomes.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


84.

Impact of Changing Influence Range Fuzzy Subtractive Clustering for Anomalous Load Forecasting Accuracy
Firna Anindyaputri Respati, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Yadi Mulyadi

Short term load forecasting (STLF) has important role for reliability and economic operation of electrical power system. In this paper , fuzzy subtractive clustering (FSC) method is used in STLF of electrical power system for spesial days in anomalous load conditions. These anomalous loads occuring during national holidays. This method is applied on dataset of Region 2 Java-Bali to forecast the load demand on half-hour in national holidays (anomalous load). The proposed methodology has been to decrease the forecasted error value. Finally, the result shows that FSC implementation for STLF of regional load have more acuraccy and better outcomes.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


85.

Implementation of Cloud Computing in Higher Education
Asniar (a*), Reza Budiawan (b)

Cloud computing research is a new trend in distributed computing, where people have developed service and SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) based application. This technology is very useful to be implemented, especially for higher education. This research is studied the need and feasibility for the suitability of cloud computing in higher education in Indonesia. Besides, we propose a model to determine the cloud model for cloud computing that can be implemented in order to support academic activities.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


86.

Implementation of Life Skills Oriented Education Through Learning Reorientation and School Reform on SMK
Tasma Sucita, Sumarto, Janulis Purba, Bachtiar Hasan

This study aimed to achieving the implementation pattern of implementation of life skills education through a reorientation of learning and practice reforms implemented in vocational education. Research conducted on the CMS are in the region of West Java province with four samples SMK SMK and one private. The method used in this research is quantitative method with a problem-solving approach descriptive, associative causal and associative reciprocal. Research conducted on vocational leaders, teachers productive subjects, and students in grade 3 (XII) which has competence Power Installation Engineering expertise with random sampling techniques. Findings from this study indicate that the implementation study conducted at SMK in West Java Provincial Education Department is in conformity with the goal of life skills-oriented education. This can be evidenced by the achievement of an average implementation reorientation of learning undertaken by prolific teacher showed significant support is quite good, and the reform of educational practices contribute to the achievement of the competence of graduates achieve a significance level sufficient. The achievement of competencies possessed by students in grade 3 (XII) before graduating based on analysis of data obtained from five vocational samples showed average figures either. Competence in both categories that have been owned by the vocational graduates is the initial capital that can be used as a provision of life skills to enter the workforce. With the results of this study may be able to contribute to education, especially regarding the implementation of system-oriented education in the field of vocational life skills.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


87.

IMPLEMENTATION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY TOWARDS LEARNING THE PRACTICE OF PRODUCTIVE IN WORKSHOP SMK
AGUS HARIS ABADI, BACHTIAR HASAN, WOWO SUNARYO KUSWANA,

This study aims to explore, describe and analyze the K3 planning, implementation K3, K3 barriers, students cognitive abilities, the ability of the student affective, psychomotor abilities and influence the implementation of K3 students to study of productive practices in vocational workshop.
The study took place in SMK Ciwaringin. The main data of this study were obtained from students and head of the study program as a key informant, while supporting data were collected from various documents at the workshop practices and student of SMK PGRI Plumbon Cirebon as sample testing instruments. This study uses a exploration and quasi experimentation with times series design. Data were collected through questionnaires, interviews, observation, documentation, and testing. The raw data obtained later in the reduction, are summarized and grouped by category of existing and tested the validity, reliability, level of difficulty, and hypothesis.
Results of the study revealed that: (1) the exploration stage; a) the safety and health plan is generally categorized enough; b) the implementation of K3 in the learning practices in the category of less productive; c) K3 barriers to learning such productive practice practitioner awareness of the K3 and limited cost-tools to buy new equipment and personal protective equipment. (2) the experiment stage; a) the students cognitive abilities, including the medium category with an increase in the average value gain of 55% after the treatment; b) affective abilities of students, including the medium category with an increase in the average value gain of 45%; c) the ability of psychomotor skills in students include assemble and disassemble a component in accordance K3 in the category with an average gain of 65%.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


88.

Improvement of Competence Students Through the Implementation of Problem Based Instruction on Laboratory of Building Materials’ Course
Nurmi Frida Dorintan B.P.

This research is a classroom action research to students of Building Technique Education Unesa. Subjects were 38 students who programmed the course of laboratory building materials.
The research objective is to improve the competence of students, including cognitive, psychomotor and affective through the implementation of teaching based problems.
Teaching is planned so that students are actively engaged and active to accomplish something on their own, or guided, and conducted in three cycles with the subject matter: 1) testing of bricks; 2) testing of tile materials, and 3) testing of ceramics. Indicators of success in cognitive and psychomotor aspects of competence can be achieved when 75% of all students obtained a score of at least 75. And the affective aspect is achieved when 75% of all students were on a scale of 4 and 5.
The results showed that: 1) cognitive competence of students in cycle 1 was obtained by 39.47%, amounting to 57.89% cycle 2, and cycle 3 amounted to 76.32%. It means in the third cycle of the expected cognitive competency has been achieved, that is more than 75% of the students have achieved a minimum score of 75; 2) psychomotor competence in the form of performance tests show that, in cycle 1 was obtained 55.26%, 68.42% for cycle 2 and cycle 3 amounted to 78.95%. That is, in the third cycle of learning has reached a psychomotor competencies expected because more than 75% of the students have achieved a minimum score of 75; 3) affective competencies derived from the Likert scale observation shows that in cycle 1 was obtained 60.53%, 71.05% for cycle 2 and cycle 3 amounted to 81.58%.
That is, in the third cycle of learning subjects building materials laboratory has achieved the expected results because more than 75% the number of students has reached a scale at least 4.
The conclusion of this study are: problem-based instruction includes practice solving problems and providing measures for solving problems can increase student competency either cognitive, psychomotor, and affective on course materials laboratory building with the subject material testing bricks, tiles and ceramics.

Topic: Engineering Education


89.

IMPROVING EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS OF TOURISM VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS THROUGH COLLABORATIVE INQUIRY LEARNING MODEL
a1Krisna Primanti, a2Ana

The research aims to know the improvement of Employability Skills of Tourism Vocational High School students through collaborative inquiry learning model application. The employable skills of vocational high school students are observed from problem solving skill aspect, collaborative skill and communicative skill that must be mastered by vocational high school students to be skilled workers. Syntax in collaborative inquiry learning model consists of Framing the Problems, Collecting the Evidence, Analyzing Evidence, and Documenting, Sharing and Celebrating. The research used quasi experimental design "Single – Group Interrupted Time – Series Design". The technic uses : 1) Objective Test to measure students problem solving skill; 2) Observation sheet to observe the syntax implementation of collaborative inquiry learning model and to measure students collaborative and communicative skills; 3) Questionnaire to know students perceptions of collaborative inquiry learning model implementation towards student’s employability skills improvement. The result shows that through collaborative inquiry learning model, students employability skills such as problem solving skill, collaborative skill, and communicative skills are improved in every meetings, students perception of collaborative inquiry learning model gets positive responses.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


90.

In-Memory Business Intelligent: Concepts and Performance Results
Dr. James. J. Sumayku, M.Eng (a), Vivi.P.Rantung, ST, MISD (*b)

Memory as temporary storage has functions to supplying data and saving data helps the work of CPU to be faster. Growth in technology innovation influences the memory related with data management. Business Intelligent as part of data management area takes opportunity and adopts the concepts of In-Memory Database into In-Memory BI. Implement of In-Memory BI takes to solve problem that company faces to improve decisions of enterprise. This paper reviews the benefits of using in-memory BI and gives performance results of in-memory BI application.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


91.

INFLUENCE OF DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES ON ENVIRONMENTAL CONSCIOUSNESS OF THE LOW INCOME COMMUNITIES
M. Syaom Barliana, Tetsu Kubota, Usep Surahman

The global society is currently faced to problems an constraints in energy saving measures, one of them is a lack of environmental awareness. Therefore, prior it enters the technical problems of energy saving as part of sustainable architecture, the required first of all the banging and raise public awareness to be more sensitive to the environment. After awareness was raised, then they will be able to apply the cultural attitudes and behaviors that support sustainable architecture. Hence, as a first step, this study wanted to study how far the awareness level of urban communities in Indonesia, and what the external variables (demographic) which influence dominantly. These demographic variables include: gender, education, income, marriage, employment, health, religiosity, leisure, competence, culture/ethnic, and social life. This pilot research is using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative methods are used as the primary method of research, while only qualitative methods to support. The research will conduct at lower class residential area in Bandung. The results of the pilot survey showed that education, religious, social meeting, and public spaces variables highly positive correlated, and significant to the environmental consciousness. However, further research could explore the external side ofeducation or religious aspect, ie for example regarding the influence of training in non formal education, community empowerment, religious leaders, community leaders, and other communication media, which can provide environmental knowledge and environmental concern.

Topic: Engineering Education


92.

INNOVATION IN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN VIETNAM FOR INTEGRATION WITH REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL
TRUONG MINH TRI

INNOVATION IN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN VIETNAM FOR INTEGRATION WITH REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL

TRUONG MINH TRI
(HCMC University of Technology and Education Vietnam)


Abstract
In the context of the world have changed, the process of internationalization of production and application of science and technology and division of labor occurs deeper, the quality of human resources is considered to be determinants victory competition in economic development - economic development of each country. Vietnam country is entering a period of integration and strong growth across all sectors of economy, culture, society. The industrialization and modernization of the country is posing an urgent demand for human resources, especially technical personnel of high quality. Resolution of the 8th, the Central Executive Board XI (Resolution No. 29 - NQ / TW) about: Innovation basic, comprehensive education and training to meet the requirements of industrialization and modernization in conditions of market economy socialist orientation and international integration "; including vocational training and this is the opportunity for vocational training for young people. Economic development strategy - social phase 2011 - 2020 to request economic restructuring and growth model innovation towards improving quality, set the task and also provide an opportunity for innovation and promote the development of vocational training, improving the quality of education, especially in training high quality manpower in the context of international integration.
Keywords: vocational training innovation, vietnam, the context of integration.

1. The concept of technical and vocational training in Vietnam in the context of integration
1.1 Technical - Vocational
Vocational training is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people that are passed from generation to generation through teaching, training, or research. Vocational Training usually takes place under the guidance of others, but also through self-study. Anyone experiencing any significant impact on the way people think, feel, or act can be seen as vocational training.
Engineering is the creative application of scientific principles to design or develop structures, machines, tools, or manufacturing processes, or the use of their works individually or together; or in the construction or operation of the above mentioned subjects with the full consciousness of their design; or to forecast their performance under certain operating conditions; all the things just mentioned with attention to the functional characteristics of the operating economics, or the safety of lives and property.
Technical vocational training and acquire knowledge about the tools, machinery, engineering, career skills, systems, and methods of organization, to solve a problem, improve a solution already exists, reaching a goal, or perform a specific function. Technical Vocational significant impact on the ability to control and adapt the human to the natural environment in order to develop economic structures, national technical
Vocational training has a very important position in human resources development strategy of the country. These years, vocational training has made great progress in terms of both quantity and quality and achieve a stable result:
- The system was enacted law guarantees legal framework for stable operation of vocational training and development.
- The network of vocational colleges and vocational secondary schools were held in all provinces and cities; network of vocational training centers was down to the district; network of vocational courses spread down to the commune, to the villages, and in the business ... has created conditions and opportunities for employees wishing to gain access to vocational training services more favorable job. As of May 6-2011, the country had 125 vocational colleges, 310 vocational schools and 864 vocational training centers, 5 universities, colleges and technical teachers and 20 vocational pedagogy, gradually meet Teacher training needs.
- Scale enrollment rise year over year and an average increase of 17% / year, in 2010 reached 1.707 million vocational school enrollment people. Quality training is gradually improving as requested by the labor market; ratio of apprentices employed after graduation at 70% - 80%; quality vocational training to be confirmed by the merits of the candidates selected group participation skills exams ASEAN and World Skills Competition.
- Socialization is promoting vocational training. We have over 30% of private vocational training institutions ensure 1/3 of total annual enrollment size.
- The organization and management of vocational training from the central to the ministries, localities and economic groups, corporations and vocational training institutions have been established and operate relatively uniform, effective Results. At present there are 53 Department of Labour - Invalids and Social Affairs with vocational training. Department of Labor - Invalids and Social Affairs districts with specialized staff training management; Commune with specialized staff training - employment.
- Vocational training scheme for rural workers until 2020 and the national target program on new rural construction phase from 2010 to 2020 conducted training for farmers effectively. [1]
2.2 The context of international integration
International integration is an essential process of development, due to the social nature of labor and relations between people. The birth and development of a market economy as well as the leading impetus to accelerate the process of integration. Integration occurs in many forms, on many levels and different areas, according to progress from low to high. Integration has become a major trend of the modern world, a strong impact on international relations and national life. Today, international integration is the policy choices of most developing countries. From theory and practice mentioned above, we need to define a consistent approach to the concept of "international integration" to build strategic platform of international integration of Vietnam in the new period. We believe that the most appropriate approach is to consider integration as a social process with comprehensive internal and often movement toward a certain goal. Accordingly, international integration is understood as the process of conducting water activities to strengthen their engagement with each other based on shared interests, goals, values, resources, power (authority authority to determine policy) and comply with the general rule in the framework of the institutions or international organizations. Thus, the other with international cooperation (acts of international actors meet the interests and aspirations of the other, not against each other), international integration beyond the usual international cooperation: it requires asked the sharing and discipline of the actors. [9]
2. The targets research on vocational training innovation in Vietnam and World
2.1 Three policy breakthrough quality vocational training in Vietnam
Quality problems do not now have careers Education Law (EL) we do, that this is the core issue of vocational training has a long history of development, associated with the emergence, survival in the wet rice civilization, of the traditional villages and the process of industrialization and modernization of the country to be deployed for years. But if talking about changing the nudge they must speak to the quality of the three events have a decisive impact on the breakthrough quality vocational education.
First: in 2011 by Prime Minister: "Human Resource Development Strategy for Vietnam period 2011-2020". Then in 2012 the Prime Minister approved the "Strategy for development of vocational training in the 2011 - 2020", has set a target of specific quality. [1]
Secondly: in 2014 the Prime Minister issued Decision 761 / QD-TTg approving: "Project development of high quality vocational schools by 2020"; with the goal: Strive to 2020, approximately 40 high quality vocational schools capable of training some occupations are the advanced countries in the ASEAN region or internationally recognized, contributing to a comprehensive innovation training basics profession in Vietnam and meet the requirements of high-quality human resources for socio-economic development of the country. In particular targets in 2014 - 2016: Step by step 34 pilot vocational training under the vocational training program is transferred from abroad under the scheme had been approved by the Prime Minister with a minimum size of 25 students , vocational students each year. Priority investment support focused, synchronized to the selected vocational schools have good training capacity, close to the criteria of high quality vocational schools. Period 2017 - 2020: Gradually expanding vocational training pilot training students, graduates are assessed, recognized diploma or certificate by the training institutions prestige advanced countries in the ASEAN region or internationally. Strive to 2018, about 15 cases were tested, evaluated, recognized as meeting the criteria of high quality vocational schools; 2019 has added about 15 schools and 2020 with about 40 high-quality schools. [10]
Third: Decision 1982 / QD - TTg dated 10/31/2014 of the Prime Minister approved the "Scheme information technology applications in management and vocational training by 2020". With the goal of information technology applications (IT) to manage training activities and vocational training in the most advanced software in the world. Modernization of information infrastructure towards digitization, simulation machinery of the vocational training, to change fundamentally, comprehensive management and vocational training towards modernization, creating a breakthrough the quality of training, contributing to increasing national competitiveness and regional integration and international. With these fundamental changes, so comprehensive, the next year we will have a workforce trained highly skilled, accredited in ASEAN. Contributing to improve national competitiveness in the context of integration. [11]
2.2 Development Trainers team
Directive 40-CT / TW dated 15-6-2004 of the Party Central Committees Secretariat (IX) has stated: "The goal is to build a contingent of teachers and education managers are standardized, ensuring quality, in sufficient quantity, synchronous structure, ... expeditiously training, supplementing and raising the level of teachers, trainers, managers of education in vocational schools... Expanding international cooperation to enhance the quality of training and retraining of teachers ..." Plenum Resolution 6 (6th) Party stressed:" Focus on training and upgrading High-quality vocational teachers ... consolidate and expand teacher training schools and vocational training as areas on a national scale. "In 2011, the Congress of the Eleventh National Party questioned "Innovation fundamental, comprehensive education," according to the spirit that there should be synchronization solution with an overall vision. Contributing to implement the policy of "Innovation fundamental, comprehensive education in Vietnam Male ", article please mention the development team vocational teachers (VT), problems have long been interested but still shortcomings and challenges in the new context. [8]
In recent years, with the development of vocational training, team (VT) increased in number 33,000 (VT) 2010, an increase of almost 4 times compared to 2001), the quality gradually improved on our qualification standards creation, skills and pedagogical competence. Basically, teachers in vocational training institutions have standardized level of training; 85% of teachers teaching vocational college level, 75% of teachers in vocational secondary level and 49% of teachers in vocational centers reached pedagogical qualification. There are around 46.3% of the teachers integrate both theory and practice.
Business training (VT) has many innovations and expanding the training facility (VT). Until now, 4 university technical teachers and some technical pedagogy of the university, was established nearly 30 vocational pedagogy in some prestigious professional colleges for professional training vocational pedagogy; improve skills for (VT).
Policies towards (VT) gradually attention. Currently, (VT) enjoy the general policy towards teachers in the national education system. In addition, there are several modes, particularly for (VT) policy such as working mode, modes of use, fostering professional; policy on allowances for teachers in teaching practice of heavy, toxic, hazardous and special allowances for disabled (VT) handicapped.
Besides the results and progress achieved, work development and innovation policies and mechanisms for team (VT) inadequate stretching, very slowly overcome.
Although the number (VT) recent years but increased significantly compared with the requirements of renewal and development of vocational training, the number (VT) still severely lacking. Currently, the percentage of students in teacher exchange reached 26 students, student / teacher, meanwhile, the target set was 20 students, student / teacher in 2010. With this goal , number 2015 (VT) need about 51,000 peoples and 77,000 peoples in 2020.
Industry structure is irrational (VT) training, some vocational teachers do not have the basic training, vocational skills are limited, the rate integrate teachers are low compared to the requirements of the training program. Foreign language and informatics of (VT) weak, limiting the ability to update new technology, (IT) applications and the modern pedagogy. Ability to develop programs, compiling textbooks and materials of (VT) vocational limited.
The university technical teachers only pedagogical and technical training, vocational skills training for about 30 out of more than 400 occupations, accounting for 7.5% of the total portfolio vocational training, creating the balance (VT) source redundancy for this occupation while other jobs are very large deficits.
Policies towards (VT) still many shortcomings, not encourage, attract capable people to do (VT), not create loyalty, dedication to the profession. [6]
Regarding salary regime, the operation of (VT) -specific, on the one hand, they have to be an educator, on the other hand is a "technician" wage policy has not reflected the peculiar preferences dirty. No separate quota (VT) salary, but receive wages according to class of secondary school teachers (under Decree No. 204/2004 / ND-CP, dated 14-12-2004). Teachers teach college level vocational (CLV) are not entitled to the salary as teachers of other colleges. Its one of the reasons leading to the failure to attract qualified people, skilled and experienced in manufacturing moved to do (VT). Conversely, many (VT) skilled qualified to want to move into production in the business to have higher incomes. Also, no policies to encourage teachers to strive to improve themselves level; No mechanism and policies to enterprises and vocational training institutions facilitate practical (VT) gone manufacturing facilities, sales, annual service.
However, in developing (VT), we are also faced with challenges.
International integration depth, width create favorable conditions for vocational training access to new knowledge, new technology, modern vocational training model, extend the exchange of experience, have the opportunity to reach and attract external resources for the development of vocational training, but also requires (VT) must adapt quickly. The trend to diversify the type and mode of education - training, development of distance learning, online; shift functions and models of vocational training institutions as well as challenges for (VT) in new contexts.
2.3 Some solutions development team Trainers
(VT) have a decisive role in the quality of vocational training, but with the fact that policies to attract, as the current treatment is hard to get a team (VT) sufficient quantity, quality assurance to avail the opportunities and overcome the challenges in the new context. To develop team (VT) ensure both quantity and quality, to make good some of the core solutions in multiple solutions.
First: The issue today is the most inadequate of (VT) income. While working stress, strenuous (both a classroom teacher and technician) but income from wages and allowances under salaries are very low, not make for themselves and their families a decent standard of living, á so hard to require (VT) wholehearted, full consultation with the profession. This fact is a fundamental cause leading to difficulty retaining qualified (VT) stay working in vocational training institutions. Perniciously, it also causes difficulty attracting skilled people, skilled people do (VT) and attract outstanding students training schools to become (VT). Therefore, first need to change treatment policy to teacher salaries and living by professional allowances. Develop a policy framework and mechanisms to encourage and honor motivate social status of teachers, for teachers of honors. Use the gray matter of effective teachers, and determine the requirements of their responsibility. Construction and improvement of professional standards, the labor norms of (VT). [2]
Second: At present, the training institutions, fostering (VT) not reflected the professionalism of a vocational school. Condition inadequacies in the training, capacity development for student teachers practice is limited by the quantity and quality of teaching, while facing many difficulties in the organization is, practice. Besides, the actual ability of (VT) scientific studies are currently not focused properly, leading to scientific research activities of the vocational training institutions in general and the ability to engage in scientific research of (VT) in particular is very limited. To address these shortcomings needed to rearrange, reorganize the training facilities, vocational teacher training; diversification of forms of training and retraining (VT); innovation activities of technical teacher training colleges; the vocational pedagogy for training and retraining of pedagogical training and improvement of professional skills for (VT); encourages scientific research institutions involved in the training and retraining of pedagogic profession for GVDN thereby develop scientific research of the vocational training institutions as well as capacity building for scientific research of (VT).
Third: The State plays a key role in ensuring that development resources (VT) team for the whole system, mobilizing contributions from learners as stipulated by law, to mobilize the resources of socialization, early private organizations and individuals, domestic and foreign enterprises and other legal sources. Strengthening international cooperation in developing (VT) team.
(VT) decisive role in ensuring the quality of vocational training, motivation, is an important factor in ensuring competitive capacity of our human. Investment development (VT) investment can be considered the "source" for the development of human resources. Therefore, in the process of implementing the policy of "Innovation fundamental, comprehensive education in Vietnam", have placed the renewal of mechanisms and policies to attract and treatment (VT) a focus in qualitative breakthrough vocational training. [3]
2.4 Experience vocational training development in countries around the world
Based on survey experience labor market development of some countries in Asia, we can draw some valuable lessons for reference in Vietnam. Specifically may generalize into the following areas:
- Firstly, the need for a breakthrough in thinking and planning mechanisms and policies accordingly.
- Secondly, the need to promote democracy in the rural areas in the development process.
- Third, the development of mutual chain link urban - rural industry - agriculture.
- Fourth, capacity building and technical education, productive capacity in rural areas.
- Fifth, maintain economic sustainability - social and ecological environment in rural areas. [4]
Labour together with labor materials and labor object is three important physical elements of any production process yet. Three elements that in any era, in any other country also indispensable to conduct the production process. In this era, when resources become scarce, labor is considered the most important element of the production process. The role of labor in general and the technical workforce in rural areas in particular are very important in the economic development process of the country, especially for the developing countries have a key economic sector is agriculture as Vietnam. [5] [12]
In the process of urbanization, implementing industrialization and modernization, is going strong in many countries around the world, development of rural human resources Governments considered a range of issues important priority. Every country has its own policy on training and development of human resources for rural engineering to meet the requirements of the process of industrialization and modernization. However, due to be governed by the laws of motion so countries generally have the following common characteristics:
Urbanization, industrialization and modernization characterized by rapidly shifting economic structure and labor structure, so the shortage of trained manpower, particularly skilled manpower and lack of management is common (may include countries such as Japan, Taiwan, Thailand,...). Meanwhile, in rural areas, the population and workers with low education level, proportion of untrained workers high. [1]
The strong economic growth of the United States, Japan, the West in the mid-twentieth century, the phenomenon of the "tiger", "dragon" in East Asia largely thanks to resources qualified. Therefore, Vietnam is implementing growth paradigm shift from extensive to intensive necessarily learn in training the human resources of these countries.
2.4.1 The experience of the US
America has defined the motto "Human capital is the center of all development". To keep superpower status economically and science, technology, human resource strategy focusing on training human resources and attract talent. In the training of human resources, the US has built an educational system characterized both public and liberal, the US education system attaches special importance to higher education in the US has 4,200 universities colleges, to ensure that all people in need are able to participate in training programs and colleges and universities. In America, the system of colleges, community colleges thrive ensure mass in higher education, these schools focus on job skills training for employees, 78% in the US currently have population about graduating from college, colleges and secondary vocational schools. In the US, developed both the community college and university studies. Proportion of research institutions and community colleges are 1/30, means that 1 research university, there are 30 community colleges. In higher education in the US, competition among schools is fierce. The university asserted themselves with the quality of teaching and build your own brand. If students get into good universities, famous and good learning, employment opportunities will increase a lot. Along with heavy investment from the State budget for personnel training, the US also mobilize more resources from society to work in human resource training. The American company is also focused on developing human resources and labor training. In 1992, the cost of training employees in the companys $ 210 billion; 1995 costs amounted to $ 600 billion, in 2000 was over $ 800 billion and to date nearly $ 1,000 billion. [7]
2.4.2 The experience of Germany
The development of education and training in Germany was led by a cross-cutting perspective is "Only those who are educated and trained new lead Germany into the leading position in the global race, and copper time to enroll yourself in the best way in this development, education and training Giap is the key to the future of the difficult economic development of the country and society." Germany attaches great importance to the training of human resources, budget, education accounts for 6% of GDP from 2010.
In Germany, the ramification early school students is done right from the junior high school level, lower secondary level (secondary) is designed to equip students with qualifications to meet the requirements of the school Common lead to a professional qualification. Students graduating from secondary school types are further education according to the priority stream high school, vocational high school (secondary education combined with vocational education) and vocational education mainly.
The link between human resource training for economic development, the needs of the labor market in Germany is also very tight. Labor needs of the company are met appropriately through contract training, vocational training for students and workers. [7]
The German government also mobilized the active participation and effectiveness of social forces in human resource training. In Germany the factory, now voluntarily participate in vocational training in parallel systems. Private enterprises as well as agencies and organizations involved in training outside the enterprise is widely practiced NGE training but must comply with the provisions of State law inscribed in vocational training.
2.4.3 The experience of Japan
Postsecondary system include general universities, colleges and colleges of technology and specialized training institutions directly responsible for the training of human resources for the country. Colleges of technology and specialized training takes the graduating junior high. The institution of postsecondary education must adhere to the regulations of the Ministry of Education on standards established colleges, colleges of technology and universities.
To mobilize social resources for the training of manpower, the government encourages and creates favorable conditions for the formation of the educational system of vocational training in companies and enterprises. [7]
Not only is a country with a developed education system that Japan attaches great importance to acquire the experience, achievements in human resource training and development of other countries, to send people to study abroad State-focused, encouraging, with many different funding sources and use of funds of the State, who go to school, of all employers, other foreign partners.
2.1.4 The experience of South Korea
As a resource-rich countries do not, Korea would soon determine the development of human resources is the key determinant of economic growth of the country. In fact, education has moved Korea into a country with abundant human resources, well-educated, highly disciplined and skilled skills and causes make up the magic of the Korean economy, accumulation knowledge through education and training to contribute 73% to the economic growth of Korea. [12]
The South Korean government regarded manpower training are priority tasks in education to ensure that human resources meet the requirements of industrialization. Education is performed in parallel with the process of industrialization. In the early stages of industrialization, in the 60s to the 70s of XX century, Korea focused on developing light industry and electronics, Korea has focused on completion of primary education, development of basic secondary education, encourage vocational and technical schools, limited education indicators. Vocational Training Act 1967 was introduced, to encourage organizations and businesses participated in training to produce the workforce have the skills businesses need. Schools, vocational training centers developed fast and ever-expanding scale. Into the 80s, while the technology shift from medium to high technology, Korea focused on expanding the size of school education, promote vocational training and wider university quota towards development vocational colleges and technical. The degree to secondary vocational colleges, universities, graduate frequent adjustments in scale and quality to suit the requirements of the process of human resource industrialization. Currently, in order to meet the requirements of the knowledge economy, South Korea has the proportion of people graduated from high school compared to other countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development else, 2000, the ratio college South Koreas population is 78%. However, Korea still attention consolidating general education foundation for manpower training. Reforming education is considered routine tasks, continuity, now Korea is still ongoing education reform 6th.
Korea conception of education and training of human resources to be in tune with the requirements of economic development. Education vocational education and technical attention right from high school. Even in the general education program, practical prevail over academic requirements threading is done urgently. After graduating from junior high school, students were streaming in secondary schools and vocational schools (including the schools of the industrial goods), 2005, 70% in high school and 30 % in vocational schools. With the introduction of the Act to promote industrial education, vocational schools, industrial training programs and training in plant growing very strong in Korea. [7]
2.1.5 The experience of Singapore
Singapores leaders in the race to win conception of education will prevail in the race for economic development. Therefore, the government has spent a significant investment to develop education, from 3% to 5% of GDP in the first decade of the eleventh century, the current investment in education and training accounts for 10% of GDP Singapore.
Singapore to achieve the diversification of students early, 6 years primary education, four years beginning with the general curriculum and oriented 2-year period. Seniors take the exam finished elementary school, high school placement consists of special base, Express, Normal (culture), Normal (Technical). After 4 years of junior high school students qualified class N ordinary, special and intensive student proficiency level O. The N if they wish and ability to learn 1 years to take O levels . The students have certificate level training N in skills and techniques in engineering academy where vocational training for students who have completed lower secondary school, with O level can Study technical colleges or prep for college. The classification of a junior high school programs in which the normal program aims to prepare students with knowledge before attending the vocational school or technical college after high school graduation basis.
Technical education and vocational training play an important role in reforming education constantly Singapore. Engineering and technology has always been a top priority in training, English, mathematics and science subjects are compulsory subjects occupy 1/3 of the duration and the state program of construction investment and technical institutes vocational training.
Singapore also encourage companies to participate in training human resources for the country. State to apply multiple policies to encourage companies themselves organize training courses or job training for staff and workers in the work process. Technical Educational Institute in conjunction with the company performing parallel apprenticeship model, the students will participate and paid internships at the company, while the lectures will take place at the school Vocational training institutes. Singapore state investment only in very few public schools to have exemplary quality. For non-public sector, the government creates conditions for development, encourage inter-association with foreign universities invite reputable international affiliates set ... to train human resources quality for the country. [12]
Singapores education strategy on the one hand has to meet the changes of global economic conditions, and the tool to build and maintain the cultural identity of national, bilingual program that is applied globally. The school offers training in English language and one of three to represent the three major ethnic groups are Chinese, Malay and Tamil. The introduction of English in the curriculum required for connecting Singapore to the world but to teach the mother tongue to preserve national identity. National education subjects are to be taught at universities. In essence, this course aims to equip young people with the basic behaviors, values and orientations make Singapore a true citizens.
2.5 Renewal of vocational training, improving the competitiveness of technical manpower in Vietnam
2.5.1 Vocational education law effective from 01.07.2015 law
To address these challenges in training and development of human resources, on 11/27/2014 at the 8th session of the National Assembly adopted the Law XIII Vocational education, with effect from the day 01/7 / 2015. Law passed with many innovative content to meet the requirements for training, human resource development in the period of industrialization - Modernization and ASEAN integration, as agreed three levels: primary, Range and colleges; organization and management innovation, training towards training yearly, accumulated modules, accumulating credits; renewal of time training to suit the needs and abilities of learners, including Vocational training time for those graduating from secondary school was 1 to 2 years to focus on knowledge, professional skills; autonomy for educational institutions were built and career development programs; for graduates college degrees will be awarded diplomas and accompanying title of engineer or bachelors practice, depending on the business practices training; policy renewal with professional educational institutions, without distinction of public and private, are participating in the bidding put cave training, preferential loans from the programs and projects at home and abroad, participation Teacher training management personnel at home and abroad with funding from the State budget; strengthening incentives to encourage and attract learners; clearly defined positions for teachers in all vocational education establishments, honoring policy, prolonging working with qualified teachers, distance learning degrees, skilled and allowances Teacher incentives for integrated teaching both theory and practice; defining roles, position, duties, and especially the rights of enterprises joining vocational education activities ... These new provisions of the Education Law profession, opportunities for vocational education institutions autonomous, dynamic, flexible training organization based businesses linked to the training of human resources at various levels according to the method of flexibility to meet the needs of businesses and markets labor, especially the training needs of high quality human resources for the industrial parks, export processing zones, the key sectors and dynamic economic region and ASEAN regional integration and international. [1]

Student HCMC University of Technology and Education practice workshops

According to the Law on vocational education has been approved by Parliament, college graduates will be awarded a college degree and is recognized as practicing engineers or Bachelors practice. This is good news for students attending college degree. On 11/27/2014 8th Session XIII National Assembly adopted the Law on professional education. This can be seen as a turning point, ushering in a new roasting, new way, modern and integration activities and vocational training. Change the whole structure of education systems and vocational training: From 07/01/2015 vocational education law began to take effect. Law launched vocational education has restructured the national education system of our country towards integration with regional and international. Under this law, our countrys education system is divided into two branches: heavy academic training branch of the theory by the higher education system implementation, professional training arm weighs about practice and skill vocational education system will be performing career. The design of the training system in two branches as are appropriate to the structure of training of most countries, creating conditions for education and training of our country has many advantages in exchange and cooperate with education Training of the countries in the world. An education and training system has similarities, clear and easy to understand with regional and international will facilitate mutual recognition between the education, this is especially important in the context of international integration deeper economic. [1]
2.5.2 Renewal of vocational and technical human resources in Vietnam
As part of the national education system, vocational training tasked direct human resources in production, sales and service. In recent years, vocational training has grown in both size and quality, and better meet the manpower needs of the labor market, the rapid change of technology and diverse needs workers vocational training, career.
So far, the system of vocational training network formed diversified across the country with 2,052 vocational training establishments (including 55 vocational colleges, 242 vocational schools, 632 vocational training centers and 1,123 educational institutions, vocational training courses in enterprises in the villages ... have functions and tasks of vocational training). The network of vocational training institutions with training scale around 1,700,000 people (scale enrollment in 2007 was 1.436 million people). Business is promoting socialization, vocational training institutions accounted for 38% of non-public and non-public student ratio up 35.6%, resources mobilized from the State budget accounted for approximately 37%. Many models of vocational training varied and creative as vocational training in enterprises, vocational training for industrial areas, rural workers, demobilized soldiers ... have contributed to poverty alleviation, job creation for workers action. Vocational training quality has gradually meet the requirements of the labor market due to the quality assurance conditions significantly improved (the percentage of students graduating from vocational training to find jobs for 60% -70%; this rate in some occupations and in some cases of over 90% now). Education Law, Vocational Training Law and the bylaws were enacted creating important legal basis established vocational training system with the primary level vocational and vocational secondary schools and vocational training colleges and create a legal framework vocational training for sustainable development, put into place; The law also important policies on investment, in terms of corporate responsibility with vocational training, to socialize, to support the development of vocational training in areas of socio-economic conditions of society particularly hard towels, vocational training support for the poor, ethnic minorities, women, disabled, handicapped and other policy objects; regulations on quality assurance and accreditation ...
Although vocational training has a new development and achieved many important results but still some exist, failing to meet the needs of technical personnel directly in economic activity in both quantity and quality, qualification structure, industry structure, regional structure of the labor market at home and abroad in the process of international economic integration. [1]
To develop vocational training, first of all need innovative thinking about vocational training. Trained labor accounts for about 65-70% of its workforce training so that trainees direction mainly to workers, youth vocational training and career conditions to continue learning throughout life their labor life. In current conditions, vocational training is a strategic task to develop the labor market, the breakthrough solution to achieve the objective of achieving a 50% acceleration of trained labor by 2010. Vocational longer being social benefits and aims to implement social justice for the majority present apprentices are poor, they have fewer opportunities than in access to services and vocational training. Investment in training is the development investment, so the State must prioritize investment and focus on building infrastructure, land and credit for students and vocational training institutions; Investment for teachers and managers, investment development of vocational training in areas of socio-economic conditions of society particularly difficult. Both society and the community must take care to vocational training, it is the responsibility of the older generation worry about the next generation; vocational socialization based on pre-prepared workforce, land, credit and tax policies. Vocational must perform mount now, mobilize and encourage all employers to participate in vocational training activities to meet the needs of the enterprise itself. Along with expanding the scale necessary to ensure the quality concentrate adapt vocational training to the requirements of the labor market and abroad through the development system and accreditation standards, which are measures protect the legitimate rights for apprentices and employers.
Vocational training system is facing challenges in shaping the paradigm shift in the future, namely:
- Delivery system towards providing vocational training system to meet the requirements of the direction of the labor market and society.
- Go to the vocational training system focusing on the formal sector, public vocational training system to develop both formal vocational training and regular training.
- Go to the vocational training system is managed centrally, investing primarily from the State budget to the vocational training system is decentralized management, decentralization to the base; mobilize all social resources for investment and development of vocational training.
- Switch the system less flexible vocational training and hard mold in schools to flexible training system with multiple entrances, exits create favorable opportunities for learners.
- Switch the system of vocational training diplomas assessed after examination and not recognize the results of the previous study to evaluate vocational training system based on the carrying capacity and recognition of learning outcomes in any Where, in any way.
- Switch the system of vocational training that vocational training institutions are led and supported from the top to the vocational training system that the vocational training institutions should be responsible, in conjunction with the steering support from superiors.
- Switch the system of vocational training programs with emphasis on theoretical continuity between training levels to vocational training system development program towards practical skills, continuity between training levels.
To innovate and develop the vocational, Resolution Tenth Party Congress has set the development direction of vocational training in the future is: "Rapidly increasing scale vocational training colleges and vocational secondary schools for the industrial parks and economic zones for export dynamics and labor. Expanding the network of vocational training institutions, development of vocational training centers of districts. To create a basic vocational training quality reach the advanced level of the region and the world. Promote socialization and encourage the development of diverse forms of flexible vocational training: non-public vocational training, in business, in the village .., creating conditions conducive to worker job training, career. Organize vocational training and technology transfer, production technology suitable for farmers, ethnic minorities ".
To accomplish the above directions, the task of vocational training in the coming period is very heavy, namely:
- For scale enrollment: Increase enrollment scale (formal training and regular training) was about 6% / year to 2010 the proportion of trained workers reached 26% of total employment 40% trained. Among workers with vocational training, vocational college level reached 7.5%, the level at 22.5% vocational secondary, vocational elementary level reached 70%. Thus, by 2010 the system of vocational training will receive about 2.5 million people, including vocational training colleges was about 130,000 people, approximately 420,000 vocational secondary and elementary occupations at about 1,900,000 people. [1]
- In terms of network development: According to Decision No. 07/2006 / QD-MOLISA dated 02/6/2006 on "Network Planning vocational colleges and vocational secondary schools, vocational training centers by 2010 and oriented to 2020 ", then to 2010, 90 professional colleges (including 40 high-quality schools, three schools have access to the advanced level in the region); 270 vocational schools and 750 vocational training centers. Each province (city) has at least one vocational secondary schools or vocational colleges; each county, district, town has at least one vocational training center or cluster vocational schools districts to create favorable conditions for workers, especially in vocational areas, remote areas, islands and people minorities and rural areas.
To innovation and development of vocational training should focus on the following three basic contents:
One is: Scaling, create favorable opportunities for workers and young people access to vocational services.
- Raising the awareness of society and workers in order to create a consensus in society about the role and position of vocational training in human resource development, contributing to increase the competitiveness of the economy and social development Assembly.
- To increase investment in developing a network of vocational training institutions, strengthening of the vocational training institutions for facilities, equipment and training facilities, priorities and public land funds for training institutions crafts;
- Promote vocational training in enterprises and vocational training development of private sector; Also there is now a mechanism to teach practical support, building programs, scholarships, ...
- Develop strong regular vocational training system, create favorable opportunities for the youth and apprentice workers, career.
-Make And streamlined policy deployment and succession in the vocational training system and linked with other training qualifications in the national education system.
- Development of the system audits and grant diplomas and certificates of national vocational skills enabling workers vocational training in various career paths and different methods.
Second: Improving the quality of vocational training to meet the growing demands of the labor market and international economic integration.
- Renewal of the structure of vocational training qualifications and structure regions adapt to the rapidly changing needs of engineering and technology; meet the requirements of each locality, each economic sector, the domestic labor market and labor export.
- Develop standard system (Standard school, teacher professional standards, standardized infrastructure) as a basis to ensure the quality and implementation of accreditation.
- Development of teaching staff and training managers to adapt to the requirements of vocational training innovation.
- Develop quality assessment system and accreditation policy in vocational training to contribute to improving the competitiveness of the workforce on the labor market in the country and internationally.
- Develop key school system as the core of high quality for the quality of the vocational training system and gradually reach the advanced level of training in the region and the world.
Thirdly, management capacity building of the vocational training system
- Orientation training innovation oriented labor market, labor market and international economic integration.
- Establish a system of labor market information, policy development and coordination of user training; policies and encourage cooperation with business training.
- Concentrate on building management staff training at all levels, improve organization apparatus, vocational functions and responsibilities from central to local (Organizational structure, functions and duties of the units under General Department of Vocational Training, establishment of vocational training room at the ministries, corporations and at all Department of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs).
- Decentralization of vocational training by increasing the autonomy and self-responsibility of vocational training institutions; capacity management and planning of the management staff of vocational training at all levels.
- Institutionalize the functional role of these organizations including enterprises joining vocational socialization. Build collaborative relationships and accountability with vocational associations and professional associations to participate in the construction program, vocational standards, vocational skills training for students; participating organizations assessment and certification of national vocational skills.
- Expand international relations multilateral and bilateral, connected with some regional countries to share experiences and cooperate in the field of vocational training; recognition of diplomas and certificates equivalent.
- Develop policies and tax policies to attract organizations and individual domestic and foreign investment in the field of vocational training; policies and mechanisms for transfer of vocational training institutions under the administrative and operational mechanisms to provide services. [11]
2.6 Inspection training program for human resources of regional integration and international
2.6.1 Testing Center of education quality accreditation Vietnam
2.6.1.1 Quality Inspection Center Education - National University of Hanoi) (VNU-CEA)
On 05.09.2013, the Minister of Education and Training issued Decision No. 3568 / QD-BGDĐT established Center for Quality Education - National University of Hanoi. English trade name: CEA Center for Education Accreditation VNU- (VNU-CEA). [1]
2.6.1.2 Quality Inspection Center Education - National University of Ho Chi Minh City (VNU-HCM)
Decision No. 5570 / QD-BGDĐT, dated 11.22.2013 established the Center for Educational Quality inspection - National University of Ho Chi Minh City. English trade name: VNU-HCM Center for Education Accreditation (VNU-HCM CEA). [1]
2.6.1.3 Center for Educational Quality - UD (CEA-UD)
Decision No. 1100 / QD-BGDĐT, dated 04.06.2015 established the Center for Educational Quality inspection - UD. English trade name: VNU-DN Center for Education Accreditation The University of Da Nang (CEA-UD). [1]
Education quality accreditation under the criteria of the standard testing program by the Center for Education Quality Accreditation Vietnam undertake. The recognition we achieved national accreditation standards of training and qualifications of educational institutions in the country worth. The organization of non-public inspection may be established in Vietnam after 2015 quality assurance system of higher education in Vietnam has created trust in institutions of higher education. This confidence is supported institutions of higher education are working together in the credit transfer, student exchange and mutual recognition of qualifications. [6]
2.6.2 Education Quality Accreditation standards AUN
Network of Southeast Asian universities AUN (ASEAN University Network) was established in November 1995, with the aim of promoting the development of human resources through education in the ASEAN region. As of May 7/2013, there were 31 universities from 11 ASEAN countries to become members of the AUN. Assessing the quality of higher education in accordance with the quality standards to ensure common (AUN) is to promote quality assurance within the schools, and enhancing mutual trust on training quality standard schools in the area as well as with partner universities in the world, gradually contribute to the recognition of academic achievement and development of cooperation between the universities in the region.
To improve the quality of higher education, the organization evaluate the quality of training programs by the standard unit accreditation of international organizations be regarded as a recognized quality standards. AUN is standardized accreditation system for universities ASEAN has been implemented since 1995 with many activities and achievements in the evaluation and accreditation of higher education programs. Quality inspection AUN standards aimed at improving the quality of training of regional and national level.
The school inspection achieve accreditation standards of the Network of Southeast Asian universities, accreditation and qualifications valid in countries in Southeast Asia. Thus, students who graduate from the university standards will ease the integration in the ASEAN region. [2]
2.6.3 Education Quality Accreditation ABET accreditation standards
ABET (Accreditation Board on Engineering and Technology - Control Council for Engineering and Technology); was established in 1932, is a non-profit organization, non-governmental accreditation programs and university undergraduate disciplines in the fields of Engineering (Engineering), Technology (Technology), Computing (Computing) and Applied Science (Applied Science). ABET accreditation is widely recognized in the United States. In many cases, universities have engineering programs accredited by ABET is eligible to operate. Besides, many professional bodies require engineers to graduate from accredited programs can ABET engineering practice. ABET accreditation more than 3,100 programs at 670 colleges and universities in 23 countries. ABET provide specialized, quality inspection and assessment program a personal program of study, rather than assess an organization as a whole.
ABET accreditation, which is voluntary and achieved through a process of evaluation, provide assurance that a college program or university meets the quality standards established by the profession in which the chapters preparing for his students. Since 2007, this organization official accreditation certificate for the training programs of universities outside the United States.
The university tested quality education ABET accreditation standards, accreditation and qualifications have international value. The graduates from the University of ABET accreditation standards would ease international integration. [8]
3. Conclusion
Vocational training has an important role in the strategic development of human resources of the country. These years, the countrys vocational training has made great progress in terms of both quantity and quality and achieve a stable result. Innovation and development of vocational training have access to innovative trends in the market economy of the country, international economic integration, and must be based on long-term stability, inheritance, promotion the results and experience gained in recent years. That is an important prerequisite for innovation in technical and vocational training in Vietnam to sustainable development to integration with the region and the world.

References
[1]. Discussing the economic development strategy of socio - Vietnam during the next, 2007, the Ministry of Planning and Investment.
[2]. Rural Development Strategy An Giang 2020, 2004, An Giang province.
[3]. Area, population and population density in 2011 by province, 2012, The General Statistics Office of Vietnam.
[4]. Development of agriculture, farmers and rural areas in Vietnam, 2008, the Vietnam Economic Times.
[5]. Institute of Economic Management Central - UNDP, 2004, The establishment of economic development: experience and lessons of China, volume 2, Publisher Transport Hanoi.
[6]. Nguyen Thi Hang, 2013, The Innovation and Development of Vocational Training to improve the Quality of Human Resources, http://www.molisa.gov.vn.
[7]. Trinh Xuan Thang, 2014, Personnel training experience of some countries in the world and lessons refer to Vietnam, http // www.tuyengiao.vn.
[8]. Hong Hanh, 2014, seven solutions to enhance the quality of higher education, Reuters.
[9]. Mai Trong Nhuan, 2005, Report on results of Missions in Singapore, Vietnam National University, Hanoi.
[10]. Pham Quoc Tru, 2011, International integration, a number of theoretical issues and practical, the Diplomatic Academy.
[11]. Nguyen Minh Tho MA, 2014, Solutions enhance training quality human resources area tourism Mekong Delta, College Tho tourism.
[12]. Truong Minh Tri, 2013, The training and development of high quality human resources in Vietnam during the integration period, Proceedings of the Institute of Educational Sciences of Vietnam.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


93.

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN BASED LEARNING CULINARY CULTUREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATED_LOCAL WISDOM IN VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Isma Widiaty1,* Ana1

Unemployed graduates of vocational schools (SMK) is still ranked highest compared to other educational levels. This condition is very alarming, given the vocational goal is to produce graduates who are ready to work. Intense competition from vocational school graduates as well as the number of jobs that are not proportional to the number of vocational graduates constitutes the main factor. One effort that can be done is to develop entrepreneurship education is expected to prepare students vocational graduates who are able to create jobs creatively. The purpose of this research is to develop instructional design culturepreneurship culinary wisdom educated_local based on production units in SMK Expertise Catering. Learning model developed not only teaches entrepreneurial competence but also includes the educational value of local wisdom local cuisine (traditional food), which is currently a trend. Elements of education based on local wisdom into a learning model on the basis of the development of the production unit at SMK Catering. The research approach used to develop a model of learning is research and development through four main stages, namely stages of analysis, design, developtment, and evaluation. Results culturepreneurship culinary instructional design development is done through - step identification of objectives, analysis of learner and the environment, formulating objectives, developing materials, strategies, and assessment.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


94.

Interactive Media in Learning Japanese Language Vocabulary for Vocational School
Nuria Haristiani, Rizka S. Rahmawati, Desri Sofiani, Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto

This research aimed to develop a model for an interactive media on Japanese learning and to examine its impact on student ability for remembering Japanese language vocabulary. Different from other methods, this media was user friendly for students who want to learn independently. Further, this interactive media was technology-based and equipped by some features. To confirm the performance of this media, the study was completed with pre-experimental method, one group pretest-posttest design, and questionnaires. The research subjects were tens senior high school students (class X and XI) of national vocational school in Indonesia (i.e. SMK Negeri 1 Cimahi) who take Japanese language as an elective subject. The results of pretest and posttest showed that the use of this interactive media improved student ability on understanding and using Japanese language vocabulary. The questionnaires showed positive responses from students. The media was attractive, easy to be used, and useful for remembering Japanese language vocabulary.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


95.

Invertigation Size Nugget Spot Welding Using Non Destructive Test (NDT) Ultrasonic Testing Methode
Tito Endramawan and Agus Sifa

Spot welding including electrical resistance welding. Current concentration is determined by the contact area between the electrode and the workpiece, and it is clear that the size of the weld or nugget of melting metal is associated with this contact area. Shear of strength nugget generally should ensure that when a connection is broken then the rated voltage up to occur nugget that surrounds the sheet. Material testing results of casting, forging, extrusion and welding can be checked visually, but to find more optimal results and accurate test can be done with the Non Destructive Testing (NDT) NDT is one method Ultrasonic Testing.
Testing was done using 96% Cu electrode, and the worksheet Fe 98%, with a diameter of 6 mm electrode surface, and a thickness of 0.8 mm worksheet, obtained diameter weld on the worksheet with the testing Non Destructive Test (NDT) using Ultrasonic probe (UT) with the results of the average size nugget 2.9 mm.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


96.

KONSEP BUSANA ETNIK SUNDA SEBAGAI CULTURAL HARITAGE DALAM UPAYA PENANAMAN NILAI ARTEFAK BUDAYA BANGSA
Mila Karmila (Prodi Pendidikan Tata Busana Departemen PKK FPTK UPI Jl Dr. Setiabudhi No 227 Bandung)

Ruang lingkup penelitian ini berkaitan dengan dokumentasi berbagai busana etnik Sunda yang ada di Jawa Barat, dengan tujuan untuk mendokumentasikan dan mengembangkan busana etnik Sunda dalam upaya pengembangan artefak budaya Sunda di Jawa Barat. Dokumentasi meliputi aspek visual(jenis dan karakteristik busana etnik Sunda) dan nilai filosofis busana etnik Sunda. Pada pembahasan busana etnik Sunda digunakan metode etnografi (visual) dan metode estetik. Metode visual digunakan untuk mengupas nilai kesundaan dalam berbagai dimensi di dalam visualisasi busana etnik Sunda: desain, model, penamaan, dan warna yang dapat mewakilinya, kemudian diarahkan kepada refleksi konsep estetik kesundaan pada masyarakat Priangan. Metode estetik digunakan untuk mengkaji sampai sejauh mana nilai-nilai estetik memiliki peran dalam upaya pemberdayaan budaya visual pada suatu masyarakat sebagai pemahaman konsep estetik kesundaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tata cara berpakaian pada masyarakat Sunda erat kaitannya dengan falsafah hidup, konsep nilai, makna simbolik dan nilai-nilai religiusitas masyarakat Sunda. Sejak abad ke-19 busana etnik Sunda dibatasi pada Sunda Priangan, dan busana yang terdapat dan dipergunakan dalam kehidupan masyarakat Priangan sesuai dengan strata sosial di masyarakat Priangan yang terbagi menjadi : a. Menak Gede (menak pangluhurna : bupati), memakai gelar raden, b. Menak Leutik/Santana ( asisten wedana), gelarnya : asep, mas, agus, ujang, (Nyimas untuk wanita), c. Somah/Cacah : masyarakat pada umumnya/kelas bawah.
Busana etnik Sunda merupakan salah satu artefak budaya Sunda, yang harus senantiasa dijaga dan dilestarikan keberadaannya. Karena melalui artefak tersebut dapat ditelusuri nilai-nilai budaya masa lalu, dimana nilai-nilai positif yang ada pada saat itu dapat diwariskan pada generasi sekarang dan mendatang.



Topic: Vocational Education and Training


97.

LEARNING FROM CIREUNDEU: Prototype Rural Vocational Food Security Based Local Wisdom
Yani Achdiani (a), Isma Widiaty (b), Elis Endang Nikmawati (c), Fitri Rahmafitria (d)

The purpose of this study was to explore the potential of local wisdom as a prototype traditional village Cireundeu vocational village food security based on local wisdom. Cireundeu traditional village can be used as a learning resource associated with the processing of "constellation" as a staple food that is unique in the village. "Rasi became the main source of raw material for the process of diversification variety of food products in the region. The approach used in this study is qualitative. The research method is survey data collection techniques such as literature study, deepth interviews, and observation. Results showed that Indigenous Village Cireundeu entered as vocational village category of food security based on local wisdom that is unique and inspiring. Cireundeu traditional village is also the prototype of vocational village that develops creative industries culinary field. The potential of the creative economy in Cireundeu entered in the category of 14 types of creative industries based local cultural wealth

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


98.

Learning model of PBL integrated toward the enhancement soft skills of high-order thinking for vocational student in patisserie vocation
S Hamidah(a*), Wijiningsih(a), Yuriani(a), and S Palupi(a)

There are many educational institutions, including Yogyakarta State University, realize that soft skills should be integrated into learning as an integral part with proficiency of hard skills. Soft skills needed graduates for success in the workplace. Soft skills are 1) the essential tools that contribute to grow self potential, 2) the power to change, 3) driving all effort, 4) difference among graduates. Soft skills learning in the Program of Food Education, especially patisserie deemed has strategic value to create graduates who are able to develop self potential, and able to compete in workplace. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze soft skills demand that can provide reinforcement of hard skills for graduates in patisserie.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


99.

Life cycle assessment of energy and CO2 emissions for residential buildings in Jakarta, Indonesia.
U Surahman1 *, T Kubota2 and A Wijaya3

In order to develop low energy and low carbon residential buildings, it is important to understand their detailed energy profiles. This study provides the results of life cycle assessment of energy and CO2 emissions for residential buildings in Jakarta, Indonesia. A survey was conducted in the city in 2012 to obtain both material inventory and household energy consumption data within the selected residential buildings (n=300), which are classified into three categories, namely simple, medium and luxurious houses. The results showed that the average embodied energy of simple, medium and luxurious houses was 58.5, 201.0, and 559.5 GJ, respectively. It was found that total embodied energy of each house can be explained by its total floor area alone with high accuracy in respective house categories. Meanwhile, it was seen that operational energy usage patterns varied largely among house categories as well as households especially in the simple and medium houses. The energy consumption for cooling was found to be the most significant factor of the increase in operational energy from simple to luxurious houses. Further, in the life cycle energy, the operational energy accounted for much larger proportions of about 86-92% than embodied energy regardless of the house categories. The life cycle CO2 emissions for medium and luxurious houses were larger than that of simple houses by 2 and 6 times on average. In the simple houses, cooking was the largest contributor to the CO2 emissions (25%), while the emissions caused by cooling increased largely with the house category and became the largest contributors in the medium (26%) and luxurious houses (41%).

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


100.

Lightning Strike Risk Analysis On Base Transceiver Station (BTS) Using Lightning Strike Risk Factor Calculator
Arjuni Budi Pantjawati1, Teguh Budiarto1, Syarif Hidayat2

This research describes the risk assessment of lightning strikes in the Base Transceiver Stations (BTS) which have different tower heights and geographical conditions. The analysis was performed by a software calculator based on IEC standard 62305-2 on the general principle of a lightning protection system. The parameter measured in this research is the value of the risk of lightning strikes in the BTS. Further, the calculator result compared to analytic calculation to measure the calculator accuracy. The comparison showed that both methods of calculation gives the same result. The result showed that the amount of the risk of lightning strikes on BTS with a height of 72 m higher than BTS with a height of 42 m, while the amount of the risk of lightning strikes on BTS in rural geographical conditions is higher than the other three geographical conditions. From this research it can be confirmed that height and geographical conditions of the BTS affect the amount of the risk of lightning strikes. It can also be concluded that this calculator can be used to help improving the BTS security system against the risk of lightning strikes.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


101.

LOCAL WISDOM OF TRADITIONAL HOUSE IN EARTHQUAKE RISK MITIGATION (Comparison of Traditional House in Kampung Naga,West Java and Minka Gassho-Zukuri Architecture in Shirakawa Village, Gifu Perfecture, Japan)
Ahmad Yani; Lilis Widaningsih; Rosita

Long before information and technology are developed, Japanese people have been aware that they live in an earthquake area. They have local wisdom how to build houses in the attempt of mitigating earthquake risk. Japanese traditional house such as Minka style in Shirakawa Village, Gifu Prefecture is an example. Indonesia also has local wisdom in disaster mitigation. Kampung Naga in West Java Province is the example. Based on the facts above, the researchers want to learn more the architecture of Minka traditional house in Shirakawa Village, Gifu Prefecture, Japan and Kampung Naga traditional house in West Java, Indonesia. The study focuses on the best of traditional technology to adapt to earthquake. The research aims to find local wisdom values as learning resource for the next generation of each culture. In detail, the study intends to (1) describe the architecture of Minka traditional house in Shirakawa Village, Japan and Kampung Naga traditional house in West Java, Indonesia; (2) depict the traditional norms of building Minka traditional house in Shirakawa Village, Japan and Kampung Naga traditional house in West Java, Indonesia; and (3) describe local wisdom values which can be found in traditional houses as learning resource in schools in West Java, Indonesia. The study employs descriptive method and intends to describe the values of local wisdoms in traditional houses in adapting to earthquake. Location of the research is in Kampung Naga West Java Indonesia, Shirakawa Village, and at some primary schools in West Java, Indonesia and around Tokyo. Methods of data collection are interviews and field observations. The results are research article published in the journal, textbooks used as a learning resource in elementary and junior high school, and reports to funders are Sumitomo foundations.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


102.

MENGEMBANGKAN KOMPETENSI CALON GURU VOKASIONAL MELALUI IMPLEMENTASI MODEL PROGRAM PENDIDIKAN GURU TRANS-NASIONAL
Dr. Amay Suherman Dr. Sudjani Dr. Dadang Hidayat M.

Perkembangan Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) di Indonesia yang pesat berdampak pada peran dan kesiapan Lembaga Pendidikan Tenaga Kependidikan (LPTK), khususnya Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan (PTK), sebagai penghasil calon guru profesional SMK. LPTK-PTK perlu mengembangkan Model Program Pendidikan Guru yang memenuhi tuntutan peraturan terkait dengan program pendidikan guru vokasional. Salah satu model program pendidikan guru vokasional yang dapat memenuhi harapan adalah melalui Program Pendidikan Guru Trans-Nasional (PPGTN). Tujuan jangka panjang dari penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan kompetensi calon guru vokasional melalui implementasi model program pendidikan guru trans-nasional. Target yang ingin dicapai pada penelitian tahun pertama menekankan pada pengembangan model implementasi PPGTN. Pendekatan penelitian adalah research and development, ditempuh dalam dua tahapan. Hasil pada tahap pertama berupa Model PPGTN meliputi: Sistem rekruitmen mahasiswa; Pola perkuliahan; Pelaksanaan perkuliahan. Sistem rekruitmen mahasiswa menerapkan skema kerja sama, agar dapat mengakomodir keperluan lapangan. Pola perkuliahan menerapkan “sandwich system” antara di kampus dan di daerah asal. Perkuliahan di kampus tatap muka,tugas terstruktur dan belajar mandiri dijadualkan di kelas; Perkuliahan di daerah asal dengan memanfaatkan ICT. Pelaksanaan perkuliahan menerapkan sistem termin, dengan penerapan sistem SKS secara “full days”. Model PPGTN tersebut sudah melalui tahan evaluasi dan pengembangan melalui Focus Group Discusion, dengan melibatkan ahli pendidikan dan praktisi pendidikan.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


103.

Microscopic Virtual Media (MVM) in Physics Learning to Reduce Misconceptions: A Case Study on Students Understanding of the Electricity
Firmanul Catur Wibowo1,a), Andi Suhandi2,b), Dadi Rusdiana3,c) Dina Rahmi Darman4,d)

A domain of research in physics teaching is focused on the study of the effects of different types of learning interventions aimed to help students build a scientific conception. Microscopic Virtual Media (MVM) is the application of a particular interest in physics learning because they can support microscopic powerful modeling involves physics concepts and processes. In this study, one group (experimental) of 19-20 year old students were studied to determine the MVM role in the development of a functional understanding of the concept of electricity. The experimental group used MVM using DLSM (Dual Situated Learning Model). The results presented here indicate that students work with virtual media exhibited significantly higher scores in research tasks. Our findings strongly support that MVM can be used as an alternative instructional tool, in order to help students confront reduce their scientific misconceptions and develop an understanding of physics concepts

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


104.

MODEL GUIDANCE STUDENT ENTREPRENEURSHIP THROUGH TECHNOLOGY-BASED BUSINESS INCUBATOR WEB 2.0 (Technological Incubator Based Learning / TIBL)
Ratih Hurriyati Lisnawati Sulastri

Indonesian youth unemployment rates are among the highest when compared with other countries. Unemployed youth in Indonesia reached 25.1 percent of the total workforce. Therefore, there must be a serious effort to reduce the unemployment rate. The general objective of this study is to provide solutions to the problems of educated unemployment realists in Indonesia, which reached 41.8 percent of total national unemployment, of which 12.78 percent came from college, one of the graduates of the University of Education Indonesia. While the specific goal is to follow up the results of learning innovation in 2013 where, during the two years of the entrepreneurial development program that has been run by the Business Management Education Program by applying TIBL (technology incubator based learning) through the subjects of small and medium-scale business.
The methodology used is done through a coaching approach andragogy, which prioritizes the participation of attendees through the Business Incubator based on web 2.0 technologies are developed using the prototype through four phases, namely Phase Understanding Entreupreneurial Process, Stages being The Entreupreuneur, Stages be the entrepreneur, and Stages Scale Up. The fourth stage is carried out through 16 times personally consisting of Creativity Program (creativity program), Program Preparation Basic (foundation program), Entrepreneurship Program (entrepreneurship establishing the program), Hatching Program (hatchery program). Coaching participants are students UPI, which has a high commitment to entrepreneurship is taken from the selection process through the awarding Edupreneur activities that have been undertaken by the Business Management Education Program in the Year 2013 and 2014.
The result of this activity is the availability of web 2.0 with the name http://business-incubator.pkm.upi.edu UPI place for students to carry out entrepreneurial activities.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


105.

Modification of Cilembu Sweet Potato Starch With Ethanoic Acid
Ai Mahmudatussa’adah1*, Yulia Rahmawati1, Sudewi 1

Cilembu sweet potato harvest was abundant, its use was still limited. Starch was required by various industries. Starch is generally beige, and requires a long time for the drying process. The purpose of this research was to produce a modified starch with ethanoic acid which has a white color. The method used in this study was the experimental method. The results showed acid modified starch yield was 18%, with the color characteristics of L *: 96.38 ± 0.82; a *: -0.86 ± 0:06; b *: 2.93 ± 0:04. Native starch yield was 16%, with the color characteristics of L *: 93.55 ± 0.91; a *: -0.70 ± 0:02; b *: 2.70 ± 0:03. The conclusion of this study was modified starch of Cilembu sweet potato using ethanoic acid have higher yield and more white bright than native starch.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


106.

Naturally surveilled space: The design of a male drug rehabilitation center
Akbar Raditya Permana, Tutin Aryanti, Fauzi Rahmanullah

The increase of drug addicts in Indonesia has not been supported by adequate facilities, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Despite being treated in a rehabilitation center, drug addicts may still use drugs surreptitiously and put themselves in danger. Architectural design may contribute to this either positively or negatively. This article elaborates a therapeutic design of a male rehabilitation center in the borderland of Bandung city, Indonesia. Employing the notion of natural surveillance, the rehabilitation center is designed to allow continual control over attendees without them feeling suppressed. The center design uses a behavioral approach to consider both attendees’ physical and psychological comforts, as well as their security. Building masses are designed in a way that forms an inward orientation and are laid out circularly according to the therapy processes that attendees must undertake. Moreover, rooms are planned differently in response to attendees’ unique conditions and restrictive physical requirements, such as their restriction on lighting and requirement of water for treatment. The landscape uses shady trees and vegetations as natural borders to demarcate the private zone, where attendees live, from the public area, where visitors may enter. The design is intended to provide a model for a responsive drug rehabilitation center that facilitates drug addicts’ recovery.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


107.

Novel Binary PSO Algorithm Based Optimization of Transmission Expansion Planning Considering Power Losses
Astuty and T Haryono

Abstract. Transmission expansion planning (TEP) is one of the issue that have to be faced caused by addition of large scale power generation into the existing power system. Optimization need to be conducted to get optimal solution technically and economically. Several mathematic methods have been applied to provide optimal allocation of new transmission line such us genetic algorithm, particle swarm optimization and tabu search. This paper proposed novel binary particle swarm optimization (NBPSO) to determine which line should be added to the existing power system. There are two scenerio in simulation. First, considering transmission power losses and the second is regardless transmission power losses. Compare to the first scenario, the number of new line in second scenario is less but produces high power losses that cause the cost becoming extremely expensive

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


108.

Numerical Simulation of Marine Currents in the Bunaken Strait, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Parabelem Tinno Dolf Rompas (a*), Jenly Dyliep Isria Manongko (a)

This study is intended for the generation of hydroelectric power at suitable area of the strait in order to provide electric current to a close environment. The project uses a three-dimensional model of taking flow into account the variation of hydrostatic pressure in the liquid vertical layers. We are thus brought back to a two-dimensional calculation using the shallow water equations. The objective of the study is the simultaneous obtaining of the current velocities and the power availabilities of the tides per unit of the strait horizontal area. The Bunaken strait is 5280 m width for an average depth of 130 m. Numerical calculation is simulated using horizontal meshes of 60 side meters. The numerical solutions were obtained by using a time step of one second. It was found that there was no great difference between 2D and 3D numerical simulations because the effect of flow velocity in the vertical direction is very small. The kinetic energy ranged from 0.01 to 1.00 kW/m2 when the tide and low tide in the Bunaken strait area at discharge of 1 Sv, whereas at discharge 2 Sv, 0.41-17.40 kW/m2 (low tide currents) and 0.11-2.77 kW/m2 (high tide currents). These results can be used in the design of turbines for power generation ocean currents in the Bunaken strait at depths below 60 meters.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


109.

Optimization Production Flakes Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L) as Diversification of Sweet Potato Processing
Ai Mahmudatussaadah, Yulia Rahmawati, Sudewi Yogha

Sweet potatoes are rich in carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fiber and anthocyanins. Sweet potato processing still limited into flour, keremes, dodol, cheese stick, or chips. Flakes as pre-cooked meals made through the stages of manufacture of pasta and drying. The purpose of this study was to optimize the production of sweet potato flakes at the stage of making pasta and drying. Making the pasta is done through techniques steamed or roasted. Pasta drying using a drum dryer or dryer cabinet. This research was done by experimental method. The indicator of optimization is the number of monomeric anthocyanins, β-carotene and the color resulting from flakes. The results showed that the number of monomeric anthocyanin flakes with steamed techniques, drum dryer (0:03 ± 3.83 mg CYE / g bk), flakes with steamed technique, dryer cabinet (3:03 ± 0:02 CYE mg / g bk), flakes with roast technique, drum dryer (2:49 ± 0:05 CYE mg / g bk), flakes with roast technique, dryer cabinet (0:03 ±1.98 mg CYE / g bk). The Color of purple sweet potato flakes produced through techniques steamed was bright purple, while the color purple sweet potato flakes produced through techniques roast give a brownish purple color. The amount of β-carotene Flakes yellow sweet potato steamed cooking stage, drum dryer (152 mg / Kg bk), grilled drum dryer (136 mg / kg bk), yellow sweet potato flakes roasted stages cabinet dryer (140 mg / Kg bk), and grilled stage dryer cabinet (122 mg / kg bk). In conclusion sweet potato flakes production techniques through the stages of process steam, and the dryer drum has a number of anthocyanin, or β-carotene bigger and brighter colors than the toasted flakes techniques and dryer cabinet.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


110.

PEMETAAN KUE JAWA BARAT BERBASIS JENIS KUE, BAHAN DASAR DAN TEKNIK PENGOLAHAN
Atat Siti Nurani, Sri Subekti, Ana

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kurangnya literature tentang kue nusantara khususnya jawa Barat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali identifikasi jenis keragaman kue ,teknik pengolahan, bahan dasar yang digunakan dengan menyusun bahan ajar kue nusantara khususnya Jawa Barat. Metodologi yang digunakan observasi deskriptif, dengan metode wawancara , sampel ditentukan dengan acak dari setiap wilayah bagian di Jawa Barat. Temuan Hasil yang diperoleh, mengidentifikasi kue tradisional khas Jawa Barat meliputi 1. jenis kue ; terdapat jenis kue yang sama disetiap wilayah penelitian yaitu opak, rangginang, nagasari, aliagrem, cuhcur, keripik, semprong, wajit, dodol, kecimpring, combro, tape ketan, serabi. Jenis kue yang khas yaitu burayot (garut), simping kaum (Purwakarta), surabi hejo (Karawang), papais cisaat (Subang), Papais moyong, opak bakar (Kuningan), opak oded, ranggesing (Sumedang), gapit, tapel (Cirebon), gulampo, kue aci (Tasikmalaya), Wajit Cililin, gurilem ( Bandung Barat), borondong (Kabupaten Bandung), 2. teknik pengolahan yang beragram yaitu teknik mengukus, merebus, menggoreng, membesta, memanggang, membakar, menyangan, menggulai. 3. Bahan yang digunakan sangat beragam yaitu beras biasa, beras ketan local, tepung beras, tepung beras ketan, tepung kanji, tepung terigu, tepung hunkue, singkong, ubi jalar, pisang, kacang tanah, jagung. 4. Terdapat pengelompokan kue di jawa barat yaitu (1) kue tradisional, (2). kue hasil mencipta, (3). kue hasil modifikasi, (4). kue pengaruh dari luar.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


111.

Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Project Base Learning (PjBL) pada Pelajaran Praktik Pemesinan untuk Meningkatkan Penguasaan Prosedur Kerja Siswa SMK
hendy kustendy, prof. DR. H Ash Ari Jhohar, MPd.

Mastery of the working procedure of practice learning has now is low so that for learning output. Education has now become a serious issue which will increase the quality of human resources is a prerequisite for achieving development goals, one way to increase the human resource is the quality education and master competencies. This study describes the application of learning models peningakatan project based learning in peningakatan student mastery of the working procedure students of class XI TPM I Machene Technical Skills Competency SMK Merdeka Soreang by the number of students by 30 people. The data were taken that relate to work procedures taken using a written test and performance tests conducted three sessions in accordance with the implementation of experimental learning. During the learning process the experimental class each test was collected using LJK and observation assessment form. The findings showed that (1) there is a significant difference in the achievement of mastery of work procedures on the treatment class, (2) there is a significant increase control of working procedures each treatment session on the class, (3) there is a significant difference in the achievement of mastery of working procedures in class treatment and control class after the application of the model learning Project Based learning, it can be concluded that the Project Based learning model can improve the working procedures of machining lathe mastery of grade XI TPM 1 machining engineering competence SMK Merdeka Soreang.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


112.

Perhitungan Harga FSR (Free Spectral Range) pada Microring Resonator (MRR)Tunggal dengan Sepasang Pandu Gelombang Silikon di atas Insulator dengan Metode Semi-numerik
1Budi Mulyanti, 2Lilik Hasanah, 1Tommi Hariyadi, 1Arjuni B. Pantjawati, 1Nurhidayatulloh, 3Heru Yuwono

Karakteristik suatu microring resonator (MRR) baik dalam konfigurasi tunggal maupun jamak sangat ditentukan oleh faktor FSR (free spectral range) dan Q-factor. FSR adalah jarak dua puncak intensitas yang berdekatan. Untuk keperluan aplikasi sensor berbasis MRR, harga FSR sangat mempengaruhi performansi/unjuk kerja divais tersebut. Dalam penelitian ini dilakukan perhitungan harga FSR menggunakan 2 (dua) metode yaitu metode analitik dan semi-numerik berbasis metode transfer matriks. Adapun parameter-parameter yang digunakan dalam perhitungan adalah panjang gelombang datang, radius cincin pandu gelombang, lebar celah antar pandu-gelombang, dimensi pandu-gelombang, serta indeks bias silikon, SiO2 dan udara. Hasil kedua perhitungan tersebut kemudian dibandingkan dengan hasil simulasi menggunakan simulator elektromagnetik 3 dimensi berbasis FIT (finite integration technique). Dapat disimpulkan adanya perbedaan (mismatch) dari ketiga hasil tersebut dan hasil perhitungan semi numerik lebih mendekati simulasi dengan rata-rata perbedaan sebesar 11, 13%.
Kata kunci: microring resonator, free spectral range, silikon, SiO2, finite integration technique

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


113.

Ply thickness FiberGlass on Windmill Drive Salt Water Pump
Agus Sifa,Badruzzaman, Dedi Suwandi

Factors management of salt-making process needs to be considered selection of the location and the season is very important to support the efforts of marinating. One factor is the salt water pumping windmill is used, the windmill is helpful to remove the water and pumping the water [1]. At this time showed strong fiber composite material either continuous or noncontinuous surrounded by the matrix material is weak. The matrix serves to distribute the fiber and also transmit the load to the fiber. [2], composite or fiberglass are used for windmills mixture of E-glass and Epoxy. The mechanical characteristics of the power of his blade one of determining the materials used and the thickness of the blade, which needed a strong and lightweight. The calculation result thick fiberglass with a composition of 60% fiber and 40% epoxy, at a wind speed of area salt fields 9 m / s, the drag force that occurs at 11,56 kg, then the calculation result by 0,19 mm thick with a layer of 10, the total thickness of 1,9 mm, with a density of 1760 kg / m3, mechanical character of elongated elastic modulus of 46200 MPa, modulus of transverse elasticity of 10309,6 MPa, shear modulus of 3719 MPa and Poisson ratio of 0,31, then the calculation using the finite element ABAQUS obtained critical point at the confluence of the blade to the value of Von Mises tension was happening 1,158e9 MPa maximum and minimum 2,123e5 MPa, for a maximum value of displacement occurred condition at the tip of the blade. The performance test results windmills at a wind speed of 5,5 m / s wind power shows that occur 402,42 watts and power turbines produced 44,21 watt, and TSR 0,095 and the value Cp of 0,1.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


114.

Popular Government Website Hacking: Cause, Chronologies, Investigation, Ethics and Law Review, and Preventions Case Study: Hacking on KPU Website and President Website
Yana R. Sopian, Joko Widiarto, Prima Febriansyah, Hermawan Prasetyo, Farniwati Fattah

Development of Information Technology (IT) leads the negative effects, which include the misuse of IT against ethic and law as known as cybercrime. One kind of cybercrime is website hacking, which can aim at destruction, theft, or other criminal activities on the website. This paper explains the popular government website attacks on its motivation, scenario, and investigation, as well as the review based on Indonesian regulation, with the case studies on Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU), i.e. an Indonesian National Election Commission and President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) websites. This paper also elaborates the prevention of a system from such attack.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


115.

Preliminary Study: Kinetics of Oil Extraction from Sandalwood by Microwave-assisted Hydrodistillation
Heri Septya Kusuma, Mahfud Mahfud

Sandalwood and its oil, is one of the oldest known perfume materials and has a long history (more than 4000 years) of use as mentioned in Sanskrit manuscripts. Sandalwood oil plays an important role as an export commodity in many countries and its widely used in the food, perfumery and pharmaceuticals industries. The aim of this study is to know and verify the kinetics and mechanism of microwave-assisted hydrodistillation of sandalwood based on a second-order model. In this study, microwave-assisted hydrodistillation is used to extract essential oils from sandalwood. The extraction was carried out in ten extraction cycles of 15 min to 2.5 hours. The initial extraction rate, the extraction capacity and the second-order extraction rate constant were calculated using the model. Kinetics of oil extraction from sandalwood by microwave-assisted hydrodistillation proved that the extraction process was based on the second-order extraction model as the experimentally done in three different steps. The initial extraction rate, h, was 0.0232 g L-1 min-1, the extraction capacity, CS, was 0.6015 g L-1, the second-order extraction rate constant, k, was 0.0642 L g-1 min-1 and coefficient of determination, R2, was 0.9597.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


116.

PREPARING TVET TEACHER COMPETENCE THROUGH INDUSTRY PRACTICE PROCESS
I WAYAN RATNATA

Abstract

Entering the year 2015 all ASEAN countries have to be ready to face the MEA era, namely era for competition for various sectors, certainly through healthy competition, and fair. Indonesia constitutes one of ASEAN countries and with the number of 250 millions populations should be ready to deal with various competitions. Currently, trending issues developing in Indonesia relating to still low the skills of workforce and worrying they will be difficult to compete with other workforce around ASEAN countries.

Relating to increase the skills for human resources, vocational teachers’ role constitutes crucial aspects that should be paid attention by government. Through this research, attempted to provide solutions to enhance competence the vocational teachers’ candidates through appropriate process during they are still at university. The research done in Department of Electrical Engineering Education, Faculty of vocational and technology education, Indonesia university of education; and in some industries in Bandung Indonesia, where students doing industrial practice.

This research using qualitative research method, and the aim of the research is to produce vocational teachers having good knowledge and skills according to their study field. Associated to the industry practice process to enhance TVET teacher students, university (the world of education) should build good cooperation to the world of industry through three stipulations that should be met, namely: memorandum of understanding (MoU) between the world of education and the world of industry; university possesses study program related to the world of industry; and industry possesses enough facilities and equipment for conducting industrial practice.






Topic: Vocational Education and Training


117.

Principal Leadership to Alleviate Poverty at Lagging and Social Crisis Area in District of South-west Sumba East Nusa Tenggara
Tetty Setiawaty & Gunadi Tjahjono

This research’s purpose are: (1) produce guidelines models of principal leadership in alleviate of poverty at lagging and social crisis area in district of South-west Sumba East Nusa Tenggara; and (2) produce indicator models of principal leadership in people empower through education. Research method applies Research and Development (R&D), data collecting consisted of two stages, i.e. (1) pre-development stage, comprising: preliminary study, design and validation phase; and (2) development stage, comprising: limited test, expended test, evaluation and revision phase. The subjects of this research are principals, vice principals and teachers of senior high school (SMA) and vocational high school (SMK) in South-west Sumba. The results of this research are: (1) principal apply the model of visionary leadership to alleviate poverty through education; (2) empowering people to improve learning quality; (3) involving community leaders, religious leaders and churches to increase student motivation.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


118.

Principal Leadership to Alleviate Poverty at Lagging and Social Crisis Area in District of South-west Sumba East Nusa Tenggara
Tetty Setiawaty & Gunadi Tjahjono

This research’s purpose are: (1) produce guidelines models of principal leadership in alleviate of poverty at lagging and social crisis area in district of South-west Sumba East Nusa Tenggara; and (2) produce indicator models of principal leadership in people empower through education. Research method applies Research and Development (R&D), data collecting consisted of two stages, i.e. (1) pre-development stage, comprising: preliminary study, design and validation phase; and (2) development stage, comprising: limited test, expended test, evaluation and revision phase. The subjects of this research are principals, vice principals and teachers of senior high school (SMA) and vocational high school (SMK) in South-west Sumba. The results of this research are: (1) principal apply the model of visionary leadership to alleviate poverty through education; (2) empowering people to improve learning quality; (3) involving community leaders, religious leaders and churches to increase student motivation; (4) Involve churches and religious leaders in motivating student learning; and (5) Involving community leaders in keeping schools and school facilities

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


119.

Problem based Learning to Promote Vocational Students Questioning and Problem Solving Skills
Leo Muhammad Taufik (a*), Saefudin (b)

This study was conducted to analyze the increase of questioning and problem solving of environmental polution through problem-based learning (PBL). The method is weak experiment by using “the one group pretest-post-test design” involved 31 vocational students majoring automotive engineering. The result showed that percentage cognitive level of questions that asked by students after PBL has decreased on C1 level (17.7%) and C2 level (0.8%) but the cognitive level of questions after has increased on C3, C4 ,and C5 level respectively 1.6%; 11.3%; 5.7%. Student’s problem solving skills has increased with medium category (N-gain = 0.5). Based on questionnaire, PBL can raise student’s interest and motivation of learning the material, but the teacher has problem to managed the class and time in application of PBL.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


120.

Profession Allowance, Work Motivation and Teaching Performance of Vocational Teachers
D.L.Hakim (a*) ; U. Syaefuddin Sa’ud (b): A.A. Wahab(c): A. Komariah(d)

The purpose of this research is to reveal and analize the teaching performance of vocational teachers which is affected by the profession allowance and work motivation. Profession allowance and work motivation are two important variable in developing the teaching performance along with teacher’s competence. Profession allowance is becoming a great motivator for a teacher in developing his teaching performance. Nevertheless, empirical studies shown that there are still teachers who work with low motivation and those who attend the teacher’s certification process in order to gain the profession allowance only thus their performance is far from optimal. The method of this research was using a survey research with correlational approach. The population were taken from all certified teachers in public vocational schools in West Java. The result shown the teachers motivation and profession allowance had positive impact and significant with the teachers teaching performance. The corelation value of teachers motivation to their performance was at the average position, whilst the corelation value of profession allowance to teachers performance was at the low position. Based on the result shown, there are several suggestions proposed by the researchers to the related institutions.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


121.

PROFESSIONALISM, LEADERSHIP, ORGANIZATIONAL CLIMATE TO COMPETITIVENESS PERFORMANCE IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Bambang Trisno bangino2012@gmail.com

The study aimed to describe the impact of professional lecturer , leadership and organizational climate to get performance competitiveness and also getting the recognition from national and international accreditation at higher education in Bandung west java. In this paper put forward some of the main variables that play an important role in building competitiveness performance on the program of study in higher education. In focus discussion studying the contributions of professional lecturer, organizational climate and from Leadership Chairman of the department from three (3) public universities in Bandung ; with the objective of identifying patterns of development in building on performance competitiveness of the higher education institutions by describing the characteristics and typical behaviors of each performance study program in the three universities within the scope of domestic and international. The research process explored through a qualitative approach with the support of various documents, references relating to the performance pattern of higher education institutions in the program of study in the field of social and technical (engineering). From the results of this study showed that a representative picture of the behavior of the typical performance of each program of study in the building of the institutions of higher education that are competitive, especially on the level of study programs in the higher education environment.

Topic: Engineering Education


122.

Profile of Clean Healthy Lifestyle (Perilaku Hidup Bersih Sehat-PHBS) Elementary School Students in Bandung
R. Patriasih

Instill healthy behavior habits are fundamentally foundation that must be held at an early age. Students as one of the targets in order Clean Healthy Lifestyle (Perilaku Hidup Bersih Sehat-PHBS) educational institutions apparently still need to get the attention given to school-age children are also a vulnerable period prone to various diseases and the emergence of various diseases. The purpose of research is conducted to know the profile of PHBS of elementary school students from the knowledge, attitude and behavior aspect. The research was conducted by the cross-sectional study with a sample of primary school students with category UKS and non UKS school, consisting of 150 students from six elementary schools in Bandung. Results of the study revealed that students knowledge in general are in good criteria with an average score of 84 but still needs to be improved, especially on how to wash hands properly. Students PHBS attitudes are at moderate criteria scores by an average of 71. Students PHBS behavior are in the moderate criteria with an average score of 63. However, the aspects relating to the use of clean toilets, measure a body height and weight every 6 months, regular exercise, maintain themselves and the environment of mosquito larvae, done very well because it deals with school programs conducted regularly and none of the students who smoke at school. While the aspects of the eating snacks habit, how to wash their hands and behavior of littering are still lacking. The correlation between knowledge and the attitude of PHBS (Spearmans rho) showed the significant positive correlation (r=0389, p <0.01). Similarly, between knowledge and behavior of PHBS showed significant positive correlation (r=421, p<0.01).

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


123.

Rancang Bangun Multimedia Animasi untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Pembelajaran Penguatan Logam Guna Meningkatkan Sifat Mekanik Material
Ariyano, MT.; Dr. Amay Suherman

Kesulitan mahasiswa Pendidikan Teknik Mesin pada mata kuliah Material Teknik diantaranya terkait dengan materi yang berhubungan dengan struktur kristal atom yang abstrak. Struktur kristal atom yang abstrak tersebut justru menentukan sifat-sifat material, secara khusus sifat mekanik atau kekuatan material. Pembelajaran teoritis berupa simbol-simbol verbal yang ada tidak cukup representatif menjelaskan konsep sistem yang diperlukan, sehingga tidak terjangkau (inaccessible) oleh peserta didik. Kondisi tersebut mengakibatkan efek pengalaman belajar yang tidak optimal. Hal ini berimplikasi terhadap kesalahan penguasaan konsep sistem material teknik yang utuh baik sistem struktur mikro atom maupun sistem perubahan sifat mekanik atau kekuatan material sesuai aplikasi realnya. Penelitian ini berkaitan erat dengan usaha meningkatkan kualitas pembelajaran Material Teknik, khususnya penguatan logam. Target khusus penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan multi media animasi untuk media pembelajaran penguatan logam dan sifat mekanik material. Pendekatan penelitian adalah research and development, ditempuh dalam dua tahapan . Hasil pada tahap pertama ini berupa Multi Media Animasi (MMA) tentang materi penguatan logam serta pengaruhnya terhadap sifat mekanik. MMA tersebut sudah melalui tahap evaluasi dan pengembangan melalui Focus Group Discusion (FGD) dengan melibatkan ahli media dan praktisi pendidikan.

Topic: Engineering Education


124.

SCADA System Design of Boiler Operation in Cirebon Steam Power Plant
Rillo Indra Prakoso*, Ade Gafar Abdullah, and Dadang Lukman Hakim

SCADA is a system that works using the HMI (Human Machine Interface) as the medium of interaction between man and machine operator or an interaction between the equipment with other equipment. This paper aims to provide an understanding and recognition of how the working principle of a boiler steam power plant using SCADA systems. This design data is taken from the steam power plant in Cirebon. To assist this SCADA system design, it’s used Wonderware Intouch software version 2007. This software using animation script to move an object and rely on logic-based programming languages such as IF, THEN, ELSE, ELSE IF, AND, OR, NOT, and ENDIF to give the command to an object actuated. So that the software can display and running processes on the boiler steam rate.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


125.

Self Organizing Map Algorithm Application for Anomalous Load Forecasting
Retno Wibowo*, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Yadi Mulyadi

Short-term load forecasting has an important role in the operation and planning of electric power systems. The last few years, this method is more often used for forecasting electricity load. Artificial neural network algorithm Kohonen maps is one form of Unsupervised Artificial Neural Network topology, where the training process does not require supervision/target output. Load forecasting have different characteristics, such as characteristic on weekdays, weekends and public holidays are also a national holiday. Characteristics on weekdays and holidays have a pattern of repetitive loads(linear), while the characteristics of the national holidays that tend to have a different load patterns(non-linear), and therefore a national holiday known as the anomalous days.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


126.

Self-Designed Project Based Learning- in the Lathe Machining Field
A. Hamdani1), A Djohar1), Wahyudin2), D. Hidayat1)

The problem in this research is the lack of direct experience of the atmosphere experienced by students in the industrial atmosphere that can enhance the students competence in the field of machining.The purpose of this research is to find a model learning design which can provide industrial atmosphere in the school and can improve work skills in the field of machining, and find the model implementation.The research methodology used was a research and development (R & D), which include 1) development of materials and instructional design that includes schools, industrial and Professional Certification Agency, 2) performed limited testing and extensive testing, 3) validation test of the products produced by conducting experiments in learning.The results showed that 1) the self designed learning model this project is an alternative learning which provide direct experience with industrial atmosphere in the school and is able to improve the skills demanded by industry. 2) This alternative learning more insightful works that include product planning, manufacturing work steps, cost planning and quality control of products and employment.Implications of this study are 1) Through this learning model, students can portray himself as a worker / operator and gain direct experience working atmosphere at school. And able to make grow the entrepreneurship spirit.2) implement this model is a challenge and to improve the professionalism of teachers, because in this model the teacher acting as supervisor as well as assessors. 3) implementation of this model can help develop learning and utilize the facilities, teacher resources and industrial relations in creating students who have industry competence.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


127.

Separation of Glycerolysis Product Using Hexane
S Mujdalipah1, A H Sasmita2, I K Amalia3, and A Suryani3

Oil or fat can be soluble in the polar and non-polar organic solvent. Hexane is non-polar solvent and it can dissolve triglyceride and free fatty acid. The aim of this research is to get the hexane ratio to the glycerolysis product that can produce product that contains rich of monoglyceride and diglyceride that has the best characteristics. The study was conducted in five stages. In the first stage, the physicochemical properties of palm oil were analyzed. In the second stage, palm oil glycerolysis was conducted. In the third stage, glycerolysis product was extracted by using hexane in various concentrations. In the following stage, physicochemical properties of extracted products were analyzed. In the last stage, data were subjected to an analysis of variance. Results showed that ratio between glycerolysis product to hexane did not significantly (α=0.05) affect the yield, the free glycerol content, and the ability of extracted products to reduce the surface tension of water. It was also found that the best treatment had yield of 28.5%. It was able to lower water surface tension from 72.00 to 31.80 dynes/cm and had free glycerol content of 2.40%.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


128.

Short Term Load Forecasting of Anomalous Load using Artificial Neural Network
Rohmah, K. A., Abdullah, A. G., Mulyadi, Y.

Short Term Load Forecasting (STLF) has always been an important instrument in the power system operation. The various of operation decision is determined by the load forecasting, such as scheduling settings generator capacity, analytical testing, and maintenance planning generator. This study aims to optimize the methods STLF using feed forward back propagation methods which is one of the algorithms of Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Studies conducted on the data usage electrical load by consumers on holidays, so-called anomalous load, because it has a different load patterns with normal days. The result of optimal forecasting tested by changing the value of learning rate, number of hidden layers and the number of input learning. Performance of this method was tested by comparing simulation results with real data load from Indonesia Power Company, West Java region. There is a significant difference in performance accuracy due to changes in learning rate and the number of input learning. While the impact of increasing the number of hidden layer only have an impact on the computing speed.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


129.

Short Term Load Forecasting of Anomalous Load using Hybrid Soft Computing Methods
Sopian Al Rasyid*, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Yadi Mulyadi

Load forecast accuracy will have an impact on the generation cost is more economical.The use of electrical energy by consumers on holiday, show the tendency of the load patterns are not identical, it is different from the pattern of the load on a normal day. It is then defined as a anomalous load. In this paper, the method of hybrid ANN-Particle Swarm proposed to improve the accuracy of anomalous load forecasting that often occur on holidays. The proposed methodology has been used to forecast the half-hourly electricity demand for power systems in the Indonesia National Electricity Market in West Java region. Experiments were conducted by testing various of learning rate and learning data input. Performance of this methodology will be validated with real data from the national of electricity company. The result of observations show that the proposed formula is very effective to short-term load forecasting in the case of anomalous load. Hybrid ANN-Swarm Particle relatively simple and easy as a analysis tool by engineers.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


130.

Simple Science Media to Improve Understanding Concept of Student in Secondary School at Central Sulawesi
Muhammad Ali, Supriyatman and Sahrul Saehana

It has been developed simple science media from second goods for student of junior high school in donggala. The simple science media is used to explain expansion concept, hot transfer and pressure of liquid. This research used research and development methods. The student of class VIII SMP 1 Sigi and SMP 2 Dongala were a subject of this research. Development phase consist of phase of investigation of early, design phase, realization phase, implementation phase. The indicator of this research include: validity, practicality and effectiveness. The improvement of study results of student become key indicator in this research. The early investigation shows study result and enthusiasm of student were low. After the simple science media was implementated, study result and enthusiasm of students were higher than before. The mean score at post test and pre test were 10.00 and 14.00, respectively. According to the students that the applying of the media is very good (90%), the design of simple science media is also very well of (80%).

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


131.

Skills Training Model Installation and Maintenance of Electrical Installations House For Youth in Village Sukajaya Kabupaten Bandung
Jaja Kustija, Hasbullah, Elih Mulyana, Bambang Trisno

The aim of this study was to develop a model training on installation and maintenance of electrical installations of residential houses for the youth in the village Sukajaya Kabupaten Bandung. The research activities carried out by using participatory approaches Demand Responsive Approach. Training model developed is based on the needs and potential of the community and local village in the context of development and sustainability, so expect the results of this training can provide job opportunities for youth in an effort to improve peoples lives. Skills training model developed include: (1) the planning stage (need asesment), (2) the implementation phase training, (3) mentoring phase and (4) monitoring and evaluation. Results of the training model of the installation of electrical developers are opening business opportunities for the youth in the field of electrical installation so as to improve the standard of living and well-being as well as the establishment of a model village built supported by the village government officials with PKM team-based partnership UPI.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


132.

Social Skills and Social Values in Malaysian Dual Training System Apprenticeship
Norhayati Yahaya (a*), Mohamad Sattar Rasul (b), Ruhizan Mohamad Yasin (c)

The mismatch between the skills required by employers and the skills acquired by graduates is one of the major causes of unemployment among the graduates. The efforts to reinforce advanced technology skills training must be synchronized with the instilling of social skills and social values among the Malaysian Dual Training System apprentices. The purpose of the study was to identify the social skills and social values’ problems faced by the Malaysian Dual Training System apprentices based on the perspective of the employers. The study is based on the elements of social skills and social values outlined in the Handbook on Social Skills and Social Values in Technical Education and Vocational Training by the Ministry of Human Resources. The qualitative approach applied in this study was focused group discussion (FGD). The respondents were employers from various fields of the manufacturing sector and altogether, five groups of FGD were carried out. The data were analyzed with the Atlas.ti software using the thematic analysis strategy, and a few themes were identified from the analysis. The findings illustrate that a majority of the employers provided positive feedbacks towards the technical skills of the apprentices. On the other hand, a few concerns were raised by the employers regarding the social skills and social values of the Malaysian Dual Training System apprentices.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


133.

Socio Cultural Phenomenon And Citizenship Rights Of Indigenous Communities In Remote Island Buru
Fatimah Sialana

This is the result of research on society tribal or indigenous community remote Buru island of Maluku Province. Many of the problems encountered related to social life as well as the rights of citizenship are not being met. Some indigenous peoples rights which have not been fulfilled is the right to obtain a proper education, livelihood rights such as appropriate housing, health facilities, sanitation, electric lighting, roads and transportation facilities. Construction of socio-cultural aspects of culture puts women in a weak position, and the male in a superior position. Mating foster culture and polygamy still exists today despite the smaller presentation, cultural understanding narrow strips communities of mindset is not easy to accept the changes that come from the outside and from the government itself. The efforts made by the government to improve the livelihood and quality of life people often encounter obstacles in the form of refusal to the argument is not allowed by the local culture. Ironically the parties that have been commissioned by the government often does not perform well as a variety of facilities and infrastructure constraints are insufficient to support its performance. The informants are traditional leaders, community leaders, local governments Buru and civil society groups that have concern for the remote indigenous communities of the island of Buru. The sampling technique is purposive sampling and research methods are observation, interview and documentation.

Topic: Engineering Education


134.

SOFT SKILL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS SMK ENGINEERING SKILLS REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING COMPETENCE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TF-6M MODEL
Sugeng Rifqi Mubaroq, Amay Suherman, Dadang Hidayat M.

This study aims to find the implementation TF-6M model in changing the school environment into industrial climate in vocational competencies Technical Expertise Refrigeration and air conditioning, and also to develop the soft skills of vocational students Competency Technical Expertise Refrigeration and air conditioning. This research was conducted by using Quasi Experiment with Time Series Design. The instrument used in this study a questionnaire and observation sheet. The findings obtained in this study is the changing weather patterns learned in school from becoming a regular pattern of using industrial climate. Patterns and findings observed were a) visit the industry small, medium and large, b) differences in assessment in the industry are Go-No Go and schools are Range, c) differences in discipline that forms in the industry is stronger than in school, d) Equation climate industry practices in the industry and schools in terms of equipment, materials and workmanship. In this study, the students are also trained to use industrial climate in terms of communication, analysis and processing orders, as well as the implementation of the social agreement in the industrial climate of the school.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


135.

Spatial Layout and Womens Participation in the Mosque
Tutin Aryanti; Sri Handayani

Women’s frequent attendance in mosque’s social and religious activities does not always relate to their intense participation in the mosque’s management. Neither does it benefit women to have a broad, if not unlimited, access to the mosque’s resources, such as information and spaces. The low number of female representatives in the mosque management committee often results in their silence, and thus do not represent women as the mosque’s users. This article investigates the way in which mosque’s spatial arrangement contributes to women’s participation in the mosque’s activities and management. The qualitative research was conducted in Masjid Daarut Tauhid, a well-known community mosque in Bandung (Indonesia) where a number of routine Islamic learning activities are held and attended by local residents and visitors. Data was collected using participant observation, questionnairs distributed to female congregations, and interview with select participants, and analyzed using the psychology of space theory. It shows that the mosque’s spatial arrangement, which locates women in a separate room, contributes to women’s low participation in a mixed-sex Islamic teachings and mosque management. The results suggest architect’s gender awareness in designing space and mosque committee’s attention to involve more women in the management.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


136.

Standard Implementation of Learning Teaching Factory 6 Step Model (TF-6M)
Dadang Hidayat Martawijaya, Amay Suherman, dan Sudjani.

Learning Teaching Factory 6 Steps Model (Model TF-6M) is a learning model that creates a climate in the school industry, can improve their competence and at the same time form the soul Entrepreneur vocational students. Model TF-6M as a concept has been refined through the research that is strengthening the concept, so that the resulting formulation of the operational implementation of the model. Formulation is that in implementing the Model TF-6M at the Skill Competency particular integrating one or several subjects Productive with subjects Entrepreneurship, held in blocks of time so as well as Industry Work Practices (Prakerin) followed by a competency test and ends with the development of the craft Entrepreneur based Web rehearsal or rehearsal map. Through the implementation, the definition is implemented on the competence and expertise pastry and refrigeration and air conditioning for class XI with each of the two study groups. Pastry competency skills in SMK 3 Garut while competency of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning expertise in SMK TI Cimahi. Of the implementation of the Model TF-6M in both competency skills, the indicators of competence soft skills and hard skills the students can be achieved perfectly, including the competence entrepreneur, once generated Implementation Standards of Model TF-6M which is a common reference in implementing the Model TF-6M them. Implementations Standards of Model TF-6M consists of: 1. Preparation of Implementation; include: - change management / school climate into industrial climate; - Practice communicate; and - analyzing the exercise order. 2. Implementation; include: the preliminary stage; - The core stage; and the concluding phase / evaluation. Standard implementation of the Model TF-6M is obtained strategies, approaches and learning methods: problem solving; student learning is active (CBSA); scientific approach; inquiry discovery; question and answer method; discussions; play a role; Contextual Teaching Learning (CTL); social agreement; reel job; reel teaching; authentic learning and authentic evaluation, problem base learning; production based learning. Implementation Model TF-6M requires seriousness because, for the early stages should be able to overcome obstacles and challenges: 1. The ability to convince the principal for the implementation of the Model TF-6M policy requires principals; 2. Facing resistance from teachers because - do not like / feel disturbed by the change; - Over / under estimate of Model TF-6M; - Shows unprofessional attitude. Teachers who enjoyed and needed to run this model is a prolific teacher who has her love vocational competencies and the teaching profession.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


137.

STUDENTS’ MISCONCEPTION AND MENTAL MODEL ON HEAT CONCEPT: IMPACT OF PHYSICS CURRICULUM IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS
Ika Mustika Sari, Duden Saepuzzaman, Melisa Cahyadi

Physics is one of basic sciences that must be mastered by vocational-students. The aims of this study were analyze the physics curriculum in vocational high school with the implication to students’ misconception and mental model in heat and heat transfer concept. This study is a case study in one of vocational high school in Bandung City. The research method is descriptive. The data of students’ misconception were taken by test using three-tier instruments. Mental model was probed by semi-structured interview. The result shows that Physics only have two hours per week to be taught. On the other hand, only the students in class X and class XI who have been taught physics. However, in physics syllabus analysis there are 18 basic competencies for students class X, four of basic competencies are about Heat and Thermodynamic. Whereas, Heat and Thermodynamic concept that should be mastered by vocational students. Thus, the conditions bring implication to students’ misconception in heat and heat transfer concept. The biggest misconception was found in Black principle. Moreover, Student’ mental model in heat convection was found as naïve mental model or it could be said as mental model that not scientifically accepted. The selected student was the student who got the good achievement. He could not explain why the hot water rise and the cold water sink. He also could not explain the current that flow in water heating processes.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


138.

Sustainable Simulation Beta wave Learning in Letter Literacy To The Achievement of Pupils With Learning Disabilities In Level One Primary School
1Yeap. T. W , 2Salleh Abd Rashid, 3Mohd Fareq Abd Malek , 4Mohd Hafizi Omar and 5Nazeri Mohammad

This study aims to measure the effects of Simulation Beta wave in letter literacy to the achievement of pupils with learning disabilities in level one of Malaysian primary school. This research designed using Quasi-experimental method. There were 34 respondents selected as the study sample in Sekolah jenis Kebangsaan Cina (SJKC) in Perlis area North Malaysia. This intervention with 34 respondents would be charged with intervention of Simulation Beta Wave Green Technology in six weeks period and without any controlled sample treatment group . A cognitive test was used to collect data after the study intervention was done. Amidst that, the pre and post test achievement tests carried out after intervention of Multimedia Simulation Beta wave Green Technology. The findings of this study will be analyzed using SPSS19 with descriptive in mean, frequency and %. The finding of this study show that Multimedia Simulation Beta Green Technology acts as a stimulant cure and gives positive impact on learning achievement in alphabet literacy of Year-One pupils.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


139.

Sweet potatoes are rich in carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fiber and anthocyanins. Sweet potato processing still limited into flour, keremes, dodol, cheese stick, or chips. Flakes as pre-cooked meals made through the stages of manufacture of pasta and drying. The purpose of this study was to optimize the production of sweet potato flakes at the stage of making pasta and drying. Making the pasta is done through techniques steamed or roasted. Pasta drying using a drum dryer or dryer cabinet. This research was done by experimental method. The indicator of optimization is the number of monomeric anthocyanins, β-carotene and the color resulting from flakes. The results showed that the number of monomeric anthocyanin flakes with steamed techniques, drum dryer (0:03 ± 3.83 mg CYE / g bk), flakes with steamed technique, dryer cabinet (3:03 ± 0:02 CYE mg / g bk), flakes with roast technique, drum dryer (2:49 ± 0:05 CYE mg / g bk), flakes with roast technique, dryer cabinet (0:03 ±1.98 mg CYE / g bk). The Color of purple sweet potato flakes produced through techniques steamed was bright purple, while the color purple sweet potato flakes produced through techniques roast give a brownish purple color. The amount of β-carotene Flakes yellow sweet potato steamed cooking stage, drum dryer (152 mg / Kg bk), grilled drum dryer (136 mg / kg bk), yellow sweet potato flakes roasted stages cabinet dryer (140 mg / Kg bk), and grilled stage dryer cabinet (122 mg / kg bk). In conclusion sweet potato flakes production techniques through the stages of process steam, and the dryer drum has a number of anthocyanin, or β-carotene bigger and brighter colors than the toasted flakes techniques and dryer cabinet.
Ai Mahmudatussa’adah, Yulia Rahmawati, Sudewi Yogha

Sweet potatoes are rich in carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fiber and anthocyanins. Sweet potato processing still limited into flour, keremes, dodol, cheese stick, or chips. Flakes as pre-cooked meals made through the stages of manufacture of pasta and drying. The purpose of this study was to optimize the production of sweet potato flakes at the stage of making pasta and drying. Making the pasta is done through techniques steamed or roasted. Pasta drying using a drum dryer or dryer cabinet. This research was done by experimental method. The indicator of optimization is the number of monomeric anthocyanins, β-carotene and the color resulting from flakes. The results showed that the number of monomeric anthocyanin flakes with steamed techniques, drum dryer (0:03 ± 3.83 mg CYE / g bk), flakes with steamed technique, dryer cabinet (3:03 ± 0:02 CYE mg / g bk), flakes with roast technique, drum dryer (2:49 ± 0:05 CYE mg / g bk), flakes with roast technique, dryer cabinet (0:03 ±1.98 mg CYE / g bk). The Color of purple sweet potato flakes produced through techniques steamed was bright purple, while the color purple sweet potato flakes produced through techniques roast give a brownish purple color. The amount of β-carotene Flakes yellow sweet potato steamed cooking stage, drum dryer (152 mg / Kg bk), grilled drum dryer (136 mg / kg bk), yellow sweet potato flakes roasted stages cabinet dryer (140 mg / Kg bk), and grilled stage dryer cabinet (122 mg / kg bk). In conclusion sweet potato flakes production techniques through the stages of process steam, and the dryer drum has a number of anthocyanin, or β-carotene bigger and brighter colors than the toasted flakes techniques and dryer cabinet.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


140.

Synthesis of silica particles from rice straw waste using a simple extraction method
Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto1,*, Taufik Rahman1, Muhammad Abqori Fadhlulloh1, Ade Gafar Abdullah2, Ida Hamidah3, and Budi Mulyanti2

The purpose of this study was to synthesize silica particles from rice straw waste using a simple extraction method. The experiment was conducted by heating and extracting rice straw waste into basic solution. To get silica particles, the extracted solution was then put into acid solution and heated to remove the remained solvent. The experimental results showed that the aggregated silica particles with sizes of about 200 nm were successfully produced. The XRD and FTIR analysis showed that the final product was silica and free of graphite. However, we found that some KCl component in the final product in which this was possibly from the use of KOH as the extraction agent. Therefore, further studies are still required to synthesize high purity silica particles from rice straw waste.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


141.

SYSTEM MONITORING OF LIQUID VOLUME INSIDE TANKER BASED ON ULTRASONIC SENSOR AND ARDUINO MICROCONTROLLER
Muchammad Husni; Daniel O. Siahaan; Henning Titi Ciptaningtyas; Hudan Studiawan; Yoga Pratama Aliarham

Incident of oil leakage and theft in oil tank often happens. To prevent it, the liquid volume insides the tank needs to be monitored continuously. This research use some ultrasonic sensors to monitor the fluid height, Bluetooth modules to sent data from the sensors to the Arduino microcontroller, Arduino microcontroller to calculate the liquid volume, and also GPS / GPRS / GSM Shield module to get location of vehicle and sent it to the Server. The experimental results show that the accuracy rate of monitoring liquid volume inside tanker while the vehicle is in the flat road is 99.33% and the one while the vehicle is in the road with elevation angle is 84%. This system can monitor the position and the liquid volume via web application to prevent illegal theft.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


142.

THE ANALYSIS OF CHARACTER EDUCATION IN TEACHING PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Adang Suherman

The phenomenon of the low character of the students demand the teacher to be able to integrate character education in every subject at school. The purpose of this study is to find out some factors supporting the integration of character education in physical education. This study was conducted through a survey technique to 40 elementary schools and 69 elementary school physical education teachers in Bandung, west Java. Instruments used are Value Orientation Inventory (VOI), questionnaire and observation. Through statistical and qualitative analysis showed that the teachers’ value orientation, open space and sport equipments, students physical and motor fitness, and the teaching structure provide the teachers opportunities to integrate character education in teaching physical education. Results of this study recommend further study of the importance of making a hypothetical model of the integrated character education in teaching physical education

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


143.

The development of higher order thinking lab laboratory to improve transferable skills of students
Adam Malik and Agus Setiawan

Results of a preliminary study conducted at the Physical Education Program course on Advanced School of Physics Laboratory showed most students when practical implementation is still not able to develop higher order thinking skills. Its main activity is still limited low-level thinking skills. In an effort to increase the transferable skills of students then applied the higher order thinking laboratory practicum in this study.The purpose of this research is to develop practical models which can increase the transferable skills of students. Methods used in the form of qualitative research. Research conducted at the Physical Education program. Its population is physical education student. Data on practical implementation that have implemented student sheet obtained through observation and interviews to lecturers and students taking courses School of Advanced Physics Laboratory. Observation results show the practical implementation models used in the form verification lab to melatihkan basic level thinking skills and interview stating thinking skills are trained during the practicum is still a basic level. Thus the need to develop practical models which can increase the transferable skills of students so that they can be applied in everyday life according to the demands of the National Qualifications Framework Indonesia and the world of work.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


144.

The development of instructional video to improve the competence standards of teacher candidates
Meini Sondang Sumbawati and Munoto

The State University of Surabaya yield the teacher candidates who are having four standards of competencies namely pedagogy, personality, social, and professional competence. Teacher competencies are taught through courses to complete teaching plan and be able to teach with innovative learning model. The aims of this study were to (1) develop learning video about how teachers teach with innovative learning model, (2) determine how the students’ responses after watching the video, and (3) determine achievement of standards of professional and pedagogy students competence. The sample of this study were 30 students. The data is collected by using video validation sheets, observation sheets of teacher competence in the field of pedagogy and professional, and student responses questionnaire to the video; and it were analyzed descriptively. The result indicated that (1) there were three instructional videos, which are direct learning model (DLM), cooperative learning model (CLM), and problem based learning model (PBLM). These videos have been validated by the two experts, and it feasible in learning; (2) the DLM, CLM, and PBLM are good; (3) about 53% students’ achievement are very good.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


145.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MODEL TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ LEARNING OUTCOMES
Hasbullah

This study aimed to develop and to implement Learning Management System (LMS) model in improving learning outcomes in Mastering Electronic Components Measurement (MPKE) subjects for students of vocational high school (SMK) in Bandung. LMS is an online learning system or e-learning, which is a web-based learning management application that can facilitate students/learners to learn in a virtual classroom. This research employed research and development (R & D) method which led to a cycle based on studies and research findings were then developed to produce a model of the product. To find an increase in students’ learning outcomes in the cognitive aspects, the quantitative approach was done with a technique that used a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest group design. The experimental group was given a learning treatment with LMS implementation, while in the control group was treated with conventional learning models approach in the classroom. The results of this study indicated that vocational students’ achievement in MPKE subject by using LMS applications model were higher than the students’ learning outcomes by using conventional learning models. Based on this analysis, it can be concluded that Learning Management System model can improve students’ learning outcomes in MPKE subject at SMK in Bandung.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


146.

The Development of Vocational Curriculum Implementation Evaluation Model
Dr. Dedy Suryadi

ABSTRACT



This study aims to produce a model for the evaluation of the implementation of the curriculum of vocational Skills Competency SMK Stone Concrete Construction Engineering. The method used consists of literature study, survey, documentation studies and Delphi technique. The results of the study, completion of a vocational curriculum model of comprehensive evaluation on the dimensions of the planning and execution of the implementation curriculum. Vocational Curriculum Implementation Evaluation Model (EIKK) developed from the discrepancy evaluation model that aims to provide information to make the assessment and improvement of curriculum implementation considerations. Application by comparing the performance of the implementation of the standards in order to obtain the information gap on those aspects that are evaluated. In practice, the model EIKK using Excel as a software application programs that provide convenience in carrying out the evaluation. EIKK model has advantages views of practicality, flexibility, and accuracy of the evaluation findings. The EIKK model has limitations, so remembering designed to evaluate the components of the curriculum and for use on a single competence in vocational skills. Recommended, EIKK model with its software can be used and perfected the use of the evaluation of the implementation of the curriculum other competency skills. EIKK model can serve as a model of self-evaluation, given the internal evaluators conducted an evaluation of vocational Skills Competency Stone Concrete Construction Engineering.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


147.

The Effect of Flood Caused By Climate Change to Porous Asphalt Pavement
Firdaus Chairuddin

Abstract : The test Indirect Tensile Strength for asphalt quality 3%, 4%, 5% are 0.0673, 0.325, 0.2370 subsequently. Cantabro test, loss weight for asphalt quality 3%, 4%, 5% are 77.10, 14.56, 9.70 subsequently. Coefficient vertical test permeability 0.1795 for asphalt 3%, 0.2029 for asphalt 4%, and 0.1596 for asphalt 5%, Unconfined Compressive Strength, Modulus elasticity 146.543 and ratio poisson 0.095831 for asphalt 3%, Modulus elasticity 91.450 and Ratio poisson 0.206009 for asphalt 4%, and, Modulus elasticity 32.119 and radio poisson 0.778059 for asphalt 5%, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) Oxygen 58.46%, Silicon 2.60%, Aluminium 2.91%, Sodium 5.75%, Calcium 19.11%, Sulfur 7.83%, Magnesium 3.52%, SiO2 6.73%, Al2O3 6.40%, Na2O 7.45%, CaO 46.25%, SO3 27.05%, MgO 6.12%, The results of EverStressFE analysis for multilayer soil-rigid are vertical deflection 0.5 mm, vertical microstrain (εz) + 0 s/d 200 on deepness 150 mm, and for multilayer soil-rigid-asphalt results vertical deflection (Uz) + 0.64 mm on the surface and + 0.4 mm on the deepness of 50 mm, and vertical microstrain vertical (εz) + -6400 s/d -7200 on the surface, + -4800 s/d -5600 on the deepness of 150 mm. As the result of laboratory test soil-rigid are vertical deflection each point 1.535 mm, 1.535 mm, 4.505 mm, 2.45 mm, 4.19 mm, dan 3.61 mm, and microstrain C1 to C4 0.36, -37.68, 44.44, 43.48, and the results of test Multilayer soil-rigid-asphalt are vertical deflection each point 1.576 mm, 0.075 mm, 3.7 mm, 1.985 mm, 2.48 mm, 0.986 mm, and the value of asphalt course microstrain is 655.


Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


148.

THE EFFECT OF PROJECT BASED LEARNING AND INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF LEARNING MOTIVATION STUDENT AT VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL (SMK)
Ahmad Yani (a*), Adang Suherman(b)

The purpose of this study was to knows the effect of learning model and Intellegence Quotient (IQ) on the improvement of learning motivation in physical education at vocational High School students. The method used is Quasy experiment with Non equivalent Control Group Design and samples in this study were 40 students of class XI SMK 2 Padjadjaran Bandung.The processing data used a statistical approach by analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). According to data analysis result, The effect of Project Based Learning and Direct Instruction model of physical education has a significance value of 0.004 and for the results of significance test the effect of intellegence Qoutient on learning motivation in physical education has 0.012 sig Value. From these results it can be concluded that there are significant effect of learning model on learning motivation in physical education at vocational high school. and also intellegence Quotient on improving learning motivation in physical education at vocational high schoo student. While significant results learning model and Intelectual Quotient together on improving learning motivation in the physical education of vocational students have a significance value of 0.003. So as we can conclude that there are significant effect of learning model and intellegence Quotient together on improving learning motivation in physical education at vocational high school students .According to the result’s analysis, the authors suggest that teachers in the learning process, especially in teaching physical education at Vocational High School. Researchers recommend using a project-based learning model learning proven effect on student motivation, and also pay attention to other factors such as Intelligence Quotient that can also effect on learning motivation in physical education.


Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


149.

THE EFFECT OF TEACHERS’ COMMITMENT TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ISO 9001:2008 AT SMK TEKNOLOGI INDUSTRI PEMBANGUNAN CIMAHI
IMAN SETIAWAN

The study was motivated by the regulation number 20 about national education system in which the quality of education should be improved. sekkeluhan dari industri. From the interview, questionnaire, and observation of the implementation of ISO at SMK Teknologi Industri Pembangunan Cimahi, it was found that there were still many obstacles that were encountered. The study was conducted to investigate the percentage of the effect of teachers commitment to the implementation of quality management system ISO 9001:2008. The research method that was used was analytical descriptive using path analysis. The result of the study showed that the effect of teachers commitment to the implementation of quality management system ISO 9001:2008 was significant and reached 0,237 or 23,7%.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


150.

THE EFFECT OF TEACHING MODELS AND TEACHING MATERIALS TOWARDS SITUATIONAL INTEREST
Hilda Ilmawati, M.Pd (a). Prof. Dr. Adang Suherman,MA. (b)

The purpose of this research is to find out the effect of teaching models (inquiry and direct instruction) and teaching materials towards situational interest. The sample of the research was Class X students at SMAN 1 Batujaya Karawang which was taken as random cluster sampling from 4 classes. The study uses a 2 x 2 factorial experimental design conducted over 16 meetings. Student’s Situational Interest measured by using Situational Interest scale from Chen et al (2001) which had validity and reliability coefficients 0,718. Data was analysed using ANOVA. The findings showed that (1). Teaching models were not significantly giving the positive effect on situational interest, the significance values is 0,24. (2). Teaching materials were significantly giving positive effect on student’s situational interest, the significance value is 0,002. (3). There was no interaction between teaching models and teaching materials on student’s situational interest, the significance value is 0,410. Based on the result, it can be concluded that teaching materials were more able to arise student’s interest rather than teaching models, meanwhile game material which had been taught by using inquiry model was teaching physical education which students more like. It needed to be more research on mixture models between teaching materials and teaching models.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


151.

The Effect of Various Types of Milks on Soyghurt’s Characteristics
Mustika Nuramalia Handayani, Putri Wulandari

Soyghurt is a kind of yogurt as functional food product obtained from the fermentation of lactic acid bacteria in soy milk. The fermentation process of soy milk is different from cows milk fermentation, because of different carbohydrate content. Carbohydrates in soy milk is composed of oligosaccharide species that can not function optimally as a substrate of lactic acid bacteria. Therefore, fermented soy milk requires other carbohydrates, including sucrose and lactose of different types of milk. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of various types of milk in the manufacture soyghurt and determine the sensory and physicochemical characteristics of soyghurt. The method used in this study was a completely randomized design of experimental design which is the treatment factor is various types of milk used in the manufacture of soyghurt with three types of milk are skim milk, full cream milk, sweetened condensed milk. Research procedure consists of the manufacture of soy milk; manufacture soyghurt with the addition of various types of milk; soyghurt sensory and physicochemical analysis. Soyghurt incubation in the fermentation process carried out at a temperature of 45 C for 5 hours. The results showed that there were significant differences in sensory characteristics of soyghurt with the addition of various types of milk. Soyghurt with the addition of sweetened condensed milk, is the most preferred panelists. It has viscosity 0.30 dPass, pH 3.97, protein content 7.44%, and fat content 7.07%.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


152.

The Implementation of Inquiry Based Self Control Learning Model to Improve Self Control of Cullinary Vocational Students through Sanitation Hygiene Course.
R. Patriasih, A Djohar, M Sumantri, T Ruhimat

The application of hygiene for a food handler is an important thing to do because many risks that can occur when these principles are ignored. Results of studies on vocational Cullinary students shows that the hygiene self-control of food handlers on the moderate criteria but ideally they should have good self-control. It relates to realize its position as an aspiring professional food handlers to maintain the quality of food in order to stay healthy and safe for consumption. For that we need an effort to improve they self-control in the hygiene food handlers. One was conducted by applying the learning model of Inquiry-Based Self Control (IBSC) on Sanitation Hygiene course. The research aims to determine the implemetation of IBSC learning models to increase self-control on vocational students through subjects Sanitation Hygiene. Method quasi experimental study design with non-equivalent control group pretest posttes used in this study. Subjects were students of class 10th as much as two group. The research results showed that self-control the students in the experimental class with indicators: control of behavior, stimulus control, in anticipation of the event, the interpretation of events and decision making has overall increased at 23.34%. Results of t-test analysis revealed a significant difference between the experimental and control postest classes, with t-count (6.547) > t-table (2032). N-Gain analysis results reveal the effectiveness of IBSC learning model to self-control of students to be at moderate criterion (0.58) compared with the control class with low effectiveness (0.29). Based on the research results, the researcher recommends that teachers of subjects especially Sanitation Hygiene for applying the learning model IBSC.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


153.

The Implementation of Integrated Course Ware on Pneumatics Valve in Vocational Education
Purnawan, Sumarto, Wahyudin, Wahid M.

The aims of this research was to gain empirical experience of Integrated Course Ware (ICW) on Pneumatic Valve product implementation in vocational high school. This research use quasi-experimental methode with non-equivalent control group design. This research involved six vocational schools and the sample consisted of 330 students. The implementation of ICW Pneumatic Valve as an empirical learning aid was assumed effective to improve students learning outcome. In vocational school, this product was best used as presentation media, followed by hand book and interactive media. Therefore, as presentation media, this product was best applied consecutively for mechanical control program, mechatronics, aircraft technology and machining techniques.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


154.

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF LEARNING STRATEGIES “LISTEN-SEE-DO” BASED ON MINI LABORATORY FOR STUDENT’S SCIENCE PROCESS SKILL (KPS) IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOl
sohibun

Has conducted research that aims to obtain a condition of the use of learning strategies listen-see-do based on mini labraboratory for student’s science process skills (KPS) on the material quantities and units. The method used is a quasi-experimental design with a "one shot case study" conducted in class X MIA 1 Senior high school in Rokan Hulu district of Riau in the academic year 2014/2015. Data collected by using science process skills test. Based on the analysis of data obtained by the KPS indicator: observing 89.23%, 59.49% communicating, predicting 10.26%, 33.33% interpret observations and apply the concept of 85.32 %. It was concluded from the results that learning with learning strategies hear-see-do based on mini laboratory, impact both on students science process skills (KPS).

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


155.

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NUTRITION EDUCATION “ATHENA” FOR IMPROVING NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE OF COLLEGE ATHLETE STUDENT FROM INDONESIA UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION
Cica Yulia 1, Ira Purnamasari 2, Ali Khomsan 3, Dadang Sukandar 3

Athlete’s Nutritional status was one contributing factor for athlete endurance. Nutritional status influenced by many factor such as nutritional knowledge. Based on preliminary research, more than a half respondent ( 69%) of college athlete student from Indonesia University of Education has a poor nutrition knowledge. The aimed of this study was to implemented nutrition education “ATHENA” for improving nutrition knowledge of college athlete student. The design of this study used quasi experiment with pretest-posttest control group. Sampling technique was done by purposive, there were 46 college athlete student divided in two group, treatment group and control group. Nutrition education program conducted in six weeks. The program includes nutrition for athletes, Eating disorder in Athlete, effective exercise, handling defresive during exercise, drugs use in sports. The program delivered after orduring the athlete exercise. the result showed that “ATHENA “ program was succesfull improved nutrition knowledge of treatment group.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


156.

The Influence of Multiple Representation in Physics Learning to Students Ability in Understanding of Physics Material and Scientific Consistency
Sidik Nulhaq (a*), Agus Setiawan (b)

This research was to obtain an overview the ratio of ability increase in understanding and scientific consistency between students who get Physics learning using multiple representation and students who get Physics learning without using multiple representation. Physics learning using multiple representation requires students to interpret a concept in some representations so that can improve the ability of students in understanding of Physics material and scientific consistency. This research is using a quasi-experimental method with nonequivalent pre-test and post-test control-group design. The test instruments based on aspects of understanding ability according to Anderson and scientific consistency tests were adapted from the form R-FCI. Subjects of this research were students of senior high school grade X in senior high school consists of two classes with total of 82 students. The research results showed Physics learning using multiple can more improve ability in understanding with mean score of by 0.79 (high criteria) than Physics learning without using multiple representation with mean score of by 0.60 (medium criteria). Moreover, scientific consistency and representation showed students who get Physics learning using multiple representation increased in consistency quantity by 74.8 % for scientific consistency and 72.3 % for representational consistency higher than students who get Physics learning without using multiple representation with consistency quantity 55.3 % for scientific consistency and 53.92 % for representational consistency. It can be concluded that Physics learning using multiple representation can more improve the ability of students in understanding of Physics material and scientific consistency significantly than Physics learning without using multiple representation.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


157.

THE INFLUENCE OF READINESS TEACHER IN IMPLEMENTATION CURRICULUM 2013 TO ACHIEVEMENT LEARNING RESULT
Alan Agus Mulya

This study was conducted at Vocational High School of Pandeglang Banten and especially for automotive program, which implemented of the Curriculum 2013. This study is conducted to determine the influence readiness of teacher in aspect perception, skill and knowledge to achievement of learning result implementation the Curriculum 2013, Use of descriptive method and correlational quantitative design study. The result of data analysis statistic showed that, (1) there is influence readiness of teacher for aspect perception (X1) is good, (2) influence readiness of teacher for aspect skill (X2) is good, (3) influence readiness of teacher for aspect knowledge (X3) is very good, (4) the achievement of learning result in implementation the Curriculum 2013 (Y) is good, (5) There isn’t positive influence readiness of teacher for aspect perception to achievement of learning result, (6) There is positive influence readiness of teacher for aspect skill to achievement of learning result, (7) There is positive influence readiness of teacher for aspect knowledge to achievement of learning result, (8) There are positive influence readiness of teacher for aspect perception (X1), skill (X2), and knowledge (X3) to achievement of learning result (Y).
Summary: influence readiness of teacher in implementation the Curriculum 2013 to achievement of learning result is good.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


158.

The influence of supporting learning towards learnings Motivation in increasing learning achievement in program studi Teknik Ketenagalistrikan SMKN 2 Garut (Research on the lesson Dasar dan Pengukuran Listrik)
ella rahmi fatah

This research has a goal to know how big the influence of supporting learning towards learning motivation of the students in the lesson Dasar dan Pengukuran Listrik. Population in this research is102 students of first grade program study Teknik Ketenagalistrikan paket keahlian Teknik Instalasi Tenaga Listrik of SMKN 2 Garut, 2014/ 2015, with 81 students sample. The methods which used in this research is quantitative methods with descriptive’s correlation method. Analysis requirement’s testing consist of normality, linierity, multicolinierty, heteroskedastisity and auto correlation’s testing. Data analysis technique which was used in this research is question’s form (angket) to explore supporting learning and student’s motivation, whereas the increasing of learning’s achievement of the lesson Dasar dan Pengukuran Listrik was achieved through first semester score. The result of the processing data shows: supporting learning has strong influence towards learning’s motivation, whereas the influence of learning motivation towards the increasing of learning’s achievement in the lesson Dasar Pengukuran is in average catagory.
The Conclussion of this reseach is there is a positive influence and significant supporting learning towards student’s learning motivation. The increasing of supporting learning will increase student’s learning motivation and student’s learning achievement of program study Teknik Ketenagalstrikan SMK N 2 Garut.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


159.

THE INFLUENCE OF THE EMPOWERMENT OF PROVINCE SERTIFIED COACHES TOWARDS THE ACHIEVEMENT IN SPORTS COMPETITION
heri yusuf muslihin

Abstract
This study investigates the influence of the empowerment of coach that has been certified by the province towards the achievement of the sport competition. This study is aimed at 1) finding and analyzing the influence of information management toward the sport achievement, 2) finding and analyzing the influence of decision making toward the sport achievement, 3) finding and analyzing the skill of project planning, organizing, and integrating sport achievement system, 4) finding and analyzing the skill of internal controlling and evaluating system towards sport achievement, 5) finding and analyzing the skill of leadership , motivating and honor system towards sport achievement, and 6) finding and analyzing the skill of selecting, placing and developing of human resource toward sport achievement. This study employed exploratory survey toward 50 referee in West Java by using purposive sampling. Besides that, 50 coaches that has participate actively in developing of athlete. the result of the study shows that 1) the information management has influence toward the sport achievement, 2) the decision making has influenced toward the sport achievement, 3) the skill of project planning has also influence toward achievement, 4) the skill of evaluation and internal control was also influenced toward the sport achievement, 5) the skill of leadership and honor system has also influence toward the sport achievement, and the last (6 the skill to select and to place and HRD has influenced towards the sport achievement.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


160.

The Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems in Monitoring of Coastal Area
Nandi

A coastal lagoon area is a landform that is influenced by natural processes and human activities. All human activities at the upstream, particularly agriculture and cultivation bring soil, waste, and other materials to the downstream area through the river drains into the sea. The coastal lagoon area will be the depository place for sedimentation from the upland area. The lagoon, which is located in Indonesia, is an example of a coastal tropical area, which has a unique biophysical characteristic. The region has a great natural ability to ensure the sustainability of the interrelationships between terrestrial, estuarine and marine ecosystems in harmony and balance as a habitat for flora and fauna. The region is an area of migration of various types of protected animals and it is a place of breeding for diverse species of the shrimp and fish, which have a highly economical value. The lagoon, currently experiencing acceleration narrowed on its area due to a very intensive sedimentation from the mainland. The research aims to answer the question of how the integration of remote sensing technology with geographical information system in monitoring of the coastal environmental dynamics. Achieving the objectives of this study required examining the morphology and land use changes with multitemporal remote sensing approaches. After assessment of remote sensing data, the results show that there were serious morphological, coastline changes, and land use changes in the lagoons over the period of the years of observations. The using of multitemporal remote sensing Landsat images is possible to analyze the morphological and land use changes with different time and sensors.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


161.

The Material Performance of HSS Chisels and Its Relation with Chemical Composition and Carbide Distribution
Bambang Darmawan, Maman Kusman, R. Aam Hamdani

Materials used for cutters must have the following characteristics: (1) have good hardness, (2) have tenacity that can withstand shock loads, (3) have endurance toward thermal shock loads, (4) have low adhesive nature, (5) have low solubility of elements/components of chisel materials. One material that meets such characteristics and is widely used for making chisels is High Speed Steel (HSS). Two types of HSS are available in the market: HSS from Germany (Bohler) and HSS from China. This research employed the pure experimental design. It consists of two stages. Stage 1 aims to test/operate lathe machines to determine the lifetime and performance of chisels based on specified wear criteria. In stage 2, characterization of microstructure using SEM-EDS was conducted. Firstly, grinding of chisels was done so that the chisels could be used for cutting metal in the turning process. Grinding processes of the two types of chisels were done at the same geometry, that is side rake angle (12°-18°), angle of keenness (60°-68°), and side relief angle (10°-12°). Likewise, machining parameters were set in the same machining conditions. Based on the results of the tests, it is found that to reach 0.2 mm wear point, chisels made of HSS from Germany needed 24 minutes, while chisels made of HSS from China needed 8 minutes. Next, microstructure tests using SEM/EDS were done. The results of the SEM tests indicate that the carbide particles of HSS from Germany were more evenly distributed than the carbide particles of HSS from China. Carbide compounds identified in HSS from China were Cr23C6 and Fe4Mo2C. Oxide impurity of Al2O3 was also found in the material. On the other hand, in HSS from Germany, no impurity and other carbide compounds were identified, except Cr23C6 and Fe4Mo2C, also Fe4W2C, and VC or V4C3.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


162.

The Model of Private Sectors’ Contribution for Improving the Existence of Technical Vocational Education and Training
Moh. Khairudin

This study was aimed at identifying private sectors’ contributions to improve the existence of technical vocational education and training. The study explored a co-op program that is conducted between vocational high school and industries. The study was description qualitative involving the vocational high schools and related industries. The subjects were 32 final year students of vocational high schools that were sampled using a proportional purposive technique. Data were collected using questionnaires and analysed qualitatively using descriptive statistict in the form of percentages. Findings of the study showed that (1) mostly students with a number of 30 students said that work experience of industrial Practice in very good category with a percentage of 93.75 %. (2) Students’ competence based on the assesment of industry instructor can be expalined that some students with number of 58 % have a competence to make a coorporation with others, ready for under pressure work and have a good soft skill.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


163.

The Need of Transversal Skills in Indonesia Tourism Education
Heri Puspito Diyah Setiyorini, Elly Malihah, Rini Andari

The challenge of globalization and the rapid growth of information highway should be responded by enhancing the creativity for the students as future generation to make use the information and global relations wisely for better life. Hence, the young generation, especially at the higher education, should also be introduced by the transversal skill. It is the skill that consists of the capability in the field of entrepreneurship, digital skills, and multilingualism. Those skills have already existed in the tourism education curriculum at the higher education level. Tourism education has been influenced by the demand of the industry to cater the need of global context and international standard perspective. Thus the ability of digital skills, multilingualism, as well as, entrepreneurship are embedded in the tourism education curriculum to cater those demand. Hence, this research has been directed to discover the industrial perspective on the need of transversal skills in Indonesia Tourism Education. The method of this research was qualitative research by using the in-depth interview to some tourism industry professionals in Bandung City, Indonesia, such as hotel, restaurant, and tour operators. The study has found that it was important to enhance the transversal skills to develop the industry to face the tight competition and global era. Thus, the implication for the tourism education was for developing the transversal skills as one of the learning outcome, especially in tourism higher education level.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


164.

The physical characteristics of semi refined carrageenan (SRC) edible film
Desi Setyorini, Puji Rahmawati Nurcahyani

Currently the seaweed is processed flour and Semi Refined Carraagenan (SRC). However, total production is small, but both of these products have a high value and are used in a wide variety of products such as cosmetics, processed foods, medicines, and edible film. The purpose of this study were (1) Knowing the physical characteristics of the SRC edible film, (2) Determine the best treatment of SRC edible film. SRC flour divided into three concentrations of 1.5%; 3%; and 4.5% with the addition of glycerol 3% and 0.6% arabic gum. The physical properties of the film using a universal testing machine Orientec Co. Ltd., while the water vapor transmission rate testing using the gravimetric method Dessicant modified. The experimental design used was completely randomized design with a further test of Duncan. The calculations show the best edible film is edible film with the addition of SRC 4.5%. Edible film has an average thickness of 0.162 mm, the average tensile strength of 7.635 MPa, an average of 13.252 mm elongation, modulus of elasticity of 162.854 MPa, and the water vapor transmission rate of 0.975 g / m2.8 hours.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


165.

The Potential of Thermoelectric Generator for Engine Exhaust Heat Recovery Applications
Nyoman Sugiartha, I Putu Sastra Negara and Sudirman

Thermoelectric generator (TEG) module composes of integrated p-n semiconductors as hot and cold side junctions and uses Seebeck effect between them to directly convert heat into electrical power. Exhaust heat from engines as otherwise wasted to the atmosphere is one of the heat sources freely available to drive the TEG. This paper evaluates the potential of energy recovery of such kind of waste heat by the TEG modules. An experimental apparatus has been setup to simulate real conditions of automobile engine exhaust piping system. It includes a square section aluminium ducting, an aluminium fin heat sink and two Peltier thermoelectric TEC1 12706 modules. A heater and a cooling fan are employed to simulate hot exhaust gas and ambient air flows, respectively. Electrical loading is controlled by resistors. Dependent variables measured during the test are cold and hot side temperatures, open and loaded circuit output voltages and electrical current. The tests are designed under various loads and temperature difference operation in purpose of characterising the electrical power produced by the TEG. The results are used to identify the potential application of the TEG as an alternative electricity source in automotive sector.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


166.

The Profile and Implementation of Accounting Sciences Affective Aspects on Lecturer of LPTK
1) Meta Arief, 2) Umar Faruk, 3) Leni Yulianti

Comes from the sense of concern over the financial misapplication cases in Indonesian society. There are some factors that lead to financial misapplication, such as the nescience or inability to manage financial sector, and limited set of rules and procedures that lead to financial fraud. The discipline that closely relates to finance is Accounting, a knowledge which has been taught since Senior High School, particularly in Business and Financial Major on Vocational School.
Accounting is a discipline that teaches the process of making financial information system. The learning process requires discipline, orderliness, integrity, and thoroughness, a positive trait that would be able to prevent someone from making mistakes, including errors in financial terms. These characters that come from the values of Accounting need to be implanted and nurtured from the beginning to Senior High School’s students in order to reduce financial misapplication cases in Indonesia.
Based on those ideas, the position of LPTK lecturers in Accounting Education major has a strategic role in implementing value philosophy of accounting to their student’s daily life through learning process in university. They also act as the role model for prospective Senior High School accounting teacher in designing affective learning process.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


167.

The Prototype of an Affordable Control Process Laboratory Kits for Use in the Classroom
A.G. Abdullah, D.L. Hakim, T. Gunawan, M.A. Auliya, M.A. Fahrurizal

This paper describes the results of the design, development and implementation of a low cost laboratory kits that can be used outside the laboratory. This device consists of a programmable logic controller (PLC) integrated SCADA system with the plant in case of a water tank filling system, aims to provide an overview of fundamentals to advance on the practical concept of discrete control systems. This device has a simple i/o plug-in board, controller module, plant module and power supply module. For measuring its performance, the equipment is trialed in the automation industry learning with problem based learning approach. The implementation results provide evidence, this device capable of providing real examples the process control in industry, and can improve students ability in designing of the process control systems. Problem-based learning provides learning experiences for students to work in teams, respect the opinion of other students, sharpening the ability to argue and present the results of the project. This device very suitable for use in lectures with problem-based learning. Features of this device can be implemented as instructional media for undergraduate students from Electrical Engineering Faculties.

Topic: Engineering Education


168.

The study of building form and layout on Education Facilities, an assessment of FPTK - UPI toward urban microclimate
Chitra, Beta Paramita

The role of building form and layout on education facilities give the significant impact to the campus microclimate. UPI is the largest with land area among universities in Bandung that occupied around 61ha, meanwhile other universities’ area are around 25ha or less. FPTK is one of the faculty in UPI contain with 3 building groups facing west north and south. The aspect of building form and layout, such as building coverage, green area ratio, building height and distance between them will be connected to the outdoor temperature.
The measurement of outdoor temperature in October during the hottest day gives the description about building form and layout toward campus microclimate.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


169.

The Travel Industry Competency Development in Indonesia
Heri Puspito Diyah Setiyorini, Any Noor, Ina Veronica

Travel industry has faced new challenges due to the changing of tourist’s lifestyles in choosing destinations, their travel motivation, and the way of travelling. Other challenges has also existed in the rapid change of information, technology, and communication in tourism industry and the tight competition within the industry that works virtually, as well as, conventionally. Hence, the industry faces the challenge of market turbulence, ICT advancement for travel management and tight competition. In response to this situation, the higher education, at the vocational as well as academic degree has developed its curriculum so that they could cater the need of the industry. This research aimed to discover the travel industry needs on the skills produced by the higher education institution of tourism. The first step of this research was comparing curriculum at some major tourism education institutions that was related to the need of skills for the travel industry. Then, the next step was to gather information from the industry regarding to the curriculum developed by the tourism education institution. The implication of the research was intended to develop the better curriculum that could be complied with the travel industry needs.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


170.

The use of hot gas by-pass refrigerant in domestic refrigerator
E T Berman, S Hasan and Mutaufiq

In this paper will be presented performance data of domestic refrigerator which use hot gas bypass refrigerant. Studied performance data consisting of refrigeration effect (RE), the work of compression (Wk) and COP. Test data measured at cooling load of 3 C to -3 C and the working fluid is used as the primary refrigerant is R-134a. The results showed that the installation of hot gas by-pass refrigerant can improved the RE and COP and lower the discharge temperature of the compressor so that it will lighten the work of the compressor and saves power consumption required refrigerator.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


171.

Traits-Personality as Predictors of Authentic Leadership
Aan Komariah

The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictability of traits personality towards authentic leadership madrasah principal and also to examine the relation of five factors of personality with dimensions of their authentic leadership. Participants for this study consisted of madrasah principal of madrasah aliyah at Tasikmalaya distric. This study found that traits-personality made significant contributions to authentic leadership. More over, it was determined that two of five factors of personality, conscientiousness and openness to experience were predictors for authentic leadership dimensions of madrasah principal.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


172.

TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURAL VALUES OF TRADITIONAL VILLAGE IN SITE MANAGEMENT AND BUILDING TECHNIQUE IN THE MODERN SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE DESIGN
Lilis Widaningsih, Diah Cahyani P

ABSTRACT

This study is aim to explore the local wisdom of traditional villages as well as how these values can be an architecture precedent in the modern society in the sustainable architecture discourse. Therefore, the expected result is a description and application of the community education values of architecture.
The method used is Research and Development with Participatory Action Research (PAR) model. The main data collection techniques are observation, focuss group discusson (FGD), and face-to-face questionnaire survey to households. Aspects of implementation of architectural value are including building site management and environmental management, as well as building technique (building material usage and construction systems).
Environmental education can be developed related to site and environmental management is to strengthen the habit of local people who develop the natural potential for everyday life. Traditional village precedent can be applied extent of the pattern of building technique, togetherness, as well as residential land use patterns. Meanwhile, technological transformation in the application building technique is how the design concept, the building functional needs and artisan work patterns can be communicated through the empowerment approach. The building technique aspects, in general, people prefer to build buildings that are technically easier and low cost, no longer consider aspects traditionality custom inherited. The use of natural materials with traditional building construction in addition considered hard to find and expensive, the selection of manufacturing materials with a permanent building is considered more indicative of socioeconomic status.

Topic: Engineering Education


173.

Typology of Building Shading Elements On Jalan Sudirman Corridor in Pekanbaru
Gun Faisal (a), Pedia Aldy (b*)

In 2013, temperature in Pekanbaru was between 22.60℃ and 34.6℃with humidity 79.14 percent. This condition has increase the concern of energy utilization to building comfort. Buildings have the biggest energy consuming due to the use of air conditioner in Pekanbaru. One effort to reduced energy is shading devices application. Application of air conditioner need huge energy, replaced natural circulation with architecture elements to reduced building thermal. This research study about system and building shading devices types that influence building thermal in Pekanbaru so that knowing characteristics and elements form. This study aims to determine and identify of systems and building elements types in Pekanbaru, which the element forms to conquer in climate condition. Qualitative method with rationalistic-paradigm has used to identify typology of building shading devices on JalanSudirman corridor. The research orientation on typology theory, thermal theory, and building shading device to identification of building shading device types on Jalan Sudirman corridor. Based on the survey result, there are 2 type of building shading devices on Jalan Sudirman Pekanbaru which is based on forms and quantity of shading. The types are building shading devices based on shading quantity and building shading devices based on shading forms.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


174.

Understanding Residential Preferences for More Sustainable Residential Development in Riparian Musi, Palembang
Maya Fitri and Sugeng Triyadi

Riparian is wetland on riverbank that has an important ecological functions as the transition area between land and river. It is maintains the balance between it. Supposedly, this riparian area is not built area. But, there are some city that founded in riparian area, so its development must pay attention to the sustainability of riparian ecology. However, the sustainable development principes are not easy to be accepted by the residents in these settlements. The paper study the preferences of a sample of households along the Musi riparian settlements in Palembang. The paper addresses on the question of the residents acceptability of principle of sustainable development to minimize built area in the riparian. It does so by examining the acceptability of compactness housing mass and greater green space. The findings suggest that most households prefer a row house rather with a medium-size riverbanks open space than an apartment with large open space.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


175.

USC-Basic Education Department’s Collaborative SHS Program
Dr. Felino Borgueta Javines Jr.

USC-Basic Education Department’s Collaborative SHS Program
(A Hybrid Grades 11 and 12 Model)

Felino B. Javines, Jr.,SVD, DM
Vice President for Academic Affairs-Basic Education Department
University of San Carlos, Cebu City, Philippines
jun javines


Abstract
When President Benigno Aquino III signed into law Republic Act 10533 or the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, this signals an insistent educational reform that will make academic stakeholders conscious of the quality of graduates they produce. This goes to show that the government is assertive in improving the quality of our educational system to be at par with international standards. Thus, Education was significantly prioritized and given importance. One of the most challenging features of K to 12 is the establishment of the Senior High School program. It is then the purpose of this paper is to present the Grade 11 and 12 model of the University of San Carlos Basic Education Department under the Technical Vocational (Tech-Voc) Track. The project is collaboration between two institutions with distinct orientation. Tech-Voc Track is one of the four identified tracks of the K to 12 Program under Senior High School with Academic Track, Sports Track and Arts and Design completing the list. This collaborative technical vocational track is also rooted in the country’s education strategy which is anchored on the National Education for All (EFA) 2015 Plan and attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) which aim to provide an overarching policy framework for basic education with a vision that all Filipinos will acquire basic competencies. Significantly it is also pegged in the objectives of the K to 12 Program specifically the items that state – “ be adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education and “be legally employable with potential for better earnings.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


176.

Use of The Malcolm Baldrige Method to Formulate Strategic Planning in Technological and Vocational Education
Suharno (a*)

This article describes the results of a research study evaluating the performance of Technological and Vocational Education (TVE) by using the Malcolm Baldrige method. Data of the performance were used to know its excellence and weakness. Based on the excellence and weakness in performance, a competitive strategy could be formulated to improve TVE quality. First, performance measurements using the Malcolm Baldrige criteria were done on seven study programs from different universities. Second, results of the performance measurements were analyzed and described. With the data resulting from the performance measurements as basis, the excellence and weakness in TVE performance could be known. Third, a strategy was developed. Based on the performance excellence and weakness, a performance improvement strategy could be formulated to raise the quality level in education at TVE. The research results indicate that for level of performance the seven universities measured achieve scores ranging from 526 to 711 points. It shows that the performance of study programs in TVE in Indonesia puts them in the categories of education leader and emerging education leader. On the basis of those categories, each study program could formulate its own competitive strategy to improve TVE performance so that the education conducted also rises in level of quality.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


177.

Utilization of Industrial Dairy Waste for Microalgae Cultivation Medium : A Potential Study for Sustainable Energy Resources
Sari Nurmayani, Rosdiana Heryanto Putra, Yatti Sugiarti

Biodiesel is an alternative fuel made from vegetable oils and animal fats. One of potential feedstock of biodiesel is microalgae. High oil content in microalgae is one of consideration for the development of biodiesel or third generation biofuels from microalgae in Europe. Generally, production process of biodiesel from microalgae have three stages, preparation, harvesting and extraction. In this paper we explain the potential use of dairy waste from industry as a cultivation medium of microalgae for biodiesel production. Dairy waste from dairy industry contains 34.98% protein, 4.42% lactose, 9.77% fiber, 11.04% fat, 2.33% calcium, 1.05% phosfor, and 0.4 % magnesium, meaning that the dairy waste from dairy industry has a relatively high nutrient content and complete from a source of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus as macro nutrients. Then supported with minerals and vitamins as micro nutrients, so it can be used as nutrients for plants and microorganisms decomposers. Based on the fact, the dairy waste from dairy industry has potency to be used as cultivation medium of Botryococcus braunii in the production of biodiesel, replacing the conventional cultivation medium.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


178.

Utilization of Some Sweet Potato Baking Puree and Vegetables on Patisserie Product
Ana, Sri Subekti, Sudewi, Elda Novita Perdani, Farida Hanum, Tititri Suciani, Vivi Tania

The research is an experimental study in Green Skill Patisserie Course by using Project Based Learning model. It aims to complete the project development of pie named Guramnis Rainbow Pie. Several experiments were carried out to produce a pie dough crust mixed with puree sweet potato baking and added with vegetable extract as food coloring in order to make a better appearence or an attractive shape and more nutritious. In addition, the pie is filled with a mixture of sweet and sour Gurame as Indonesian food. By applying organoleptic test to 10 respondents, the result shows the ratio between flour substituted by puree sweet potato baking is 2:1 and adding extract vegetables (carrots, beets and celery) as a color additive for crust pie, produce color pie more interesting (90%) and the texture of the pie with a good level of crispness (60%). In summary, pie taste is good (70%) and its flavour (70%). Nutritional analysis results show that for each piece Guramnis Rainbow Pie contains energy as much as 81.72 calories, carbohydrates 12.5 grams, fat 2.32 grams and 2.77 grams of protein. We recommend a further research to be done in order to make pie crust sweet potato baking substitution and vegetable extracts that have optimal level of crispness.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


179.

VISUAL EFFECTS KEBAYA DRESS OF FIRST LADY AGAINST IMAGE OF APPEARANCES INDONESIAN WOMAN
Suciati1, Agus Sachari2, Kahfiati Kahdar3, Ahmad Syarief2

Indonesian women image of international level is influenced in part by the appearance of self-Lady. The role and position of First Lady is the representation of women in Indonesia, because basically the First Lady as: wife accompanied President (head of state), has a background grip strong culture, high intellectual and personality both in lifestyle in dialy included in a dress, as well as ambassador of culture and design. Lady fashion style has always been a community of praise and criticism. The purpose of this study reveal visualization effects kebaya dress style Lady Indonesia in various state occasions on the image of a woman's appearance Indonesia. This study is a qualitative study of visual data that emphasizes discussion in the study semiological Clothing Kebaya (meaning the connotation and denotation of meaning) that led to the imaging. The results showed Clothing style kebaya lady in every period of the presidency as her husband has a good hallmark of the style of clothing or hairstyle, which indicates self-image. The conclusions of this study indicate that the Clothing Kebaya (National costume) Lady interpreted has an implied message because clothing can be observed visually. The implications made on the construction of the learning patterns of clothing fashion design national and ethnic clothing design archipelago.

Topic: Innovation in Teaching and Learning


180.

VOCATIONAL LEARNING DESIGN FOR WOMEN IN RURAL AREAS IN INDONESIA
K Sumardi and A Djohar

This research aims to generate a vocational learning design for women in rural areas. The vocational learning in the design includes knowledge, attitudes, and skills which are needed by learners to be applied in their lives. Three methods were used in the design of the vocational learning, namely: regenerated frerian literacy through empowering community techniques (REFLECT), language experience approach (LEA) and participatory rural appraisal (PRA). The research used quasi-experiment with the research and development approach. Four research instruments were employed in the study: direct observations, interviews, documentations and tests. Thirty women from rural areas were taken as participants of the research. The findings of the research indicate that vocational education has encouraged the participants to have motivations and awareness of the importance of learning. Thus, they become more active in classrooms, understand learning materials better, and have lifeskills. Such learning is useful for their lives. Based on the results, it can be argued that vocational learning is effective for the learning of women in rural areas. It inspires them to be better individuals. The vocational learning meets the learning need of women in rural areas by giving them lifeskils.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


181.

VOCATIONAL TRAINING OF BATIK BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM
Gheafani Fikria Zaki, Tati, Isma Widiaty

This study is based on the problem of how to develop a program training of batik based on local wisdom in batik industry. The purpose of this study was to design batik training development program based on local wisdom that is suitable for teenagers in the batik industry. Data collection techniques used were interviews to the manager of the batik industry in Cimahi, observation of training activities batik, documentary studies and expert judgment to validate the design of the programs created by the researcher. Implementation of expert judgment made to the five expert validator, which consists of three managers of the batik industry Cimahi and two experts in the field of batik. Results the training program design components of identity, purpose, materials, methodologies, media and scenario training activities which are highly recommended to apply. Components of the training fee are on the of worth to be implemented. Recommended in this study results to industry managers batik to be able to use batik training programs based on local wisdom that has been created as a product of this study with the aim that teens can understand the values of local wisdom contained in batik Cimahi.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


182.

Voltage profile improvement using Static Var Compensator (SVC) in transmission system
Gia M R (a*), Yadi Mulyadi (b), Hasbullah (c)

In transmission system named ‘Subsistem Bandung Selatan dan New Ujungberung’ there are the voltage drop which relatively high and the voltage profile at the receiving ends below 0.95 p.u. Therefore, this research proposed a method to improve the voltage profile in the transmission system using one of Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) technology which is Static Var Compensator (SVC) and ‘Subsistem Bandung Selatan and New Ujungberung’ as the object. The main purpose of this research is to get the voltage profile in ‘Subsistem Bandung Selatan dan New Ujungberung’ before and after connected to SVC and the other purpose is to set optimal location and rating of SVC to maintain the voltage profile at the system that has desire range (0.95 p.u – 1.05 p.u). To get the result in accordance with these objects, Newton –Raphson power flow solution is applied to the system. The result of Newton-Raphson power flow solution of the system shows the voltage profile before connecting to SVC are averagely 140.95 kV or 0.94 p.u while after connecting to SVC are 145.28 kV or 0.97 p.u. The SVC installation is connected to ‘Bandung Utara I’ as the weakest bus, and the SVC rating is -250 Mvar to 300 Mvar.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


183.

WEB-BASED ENTREPRENEUR DEVELOPMENT CRAFT SMK COMPETENCE FOR STUDENTS THROUGH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MODEL TEACHING FACTORY SIX STEPS
Pupun Suwangsih, Sudjani, Dadang Hidayat M.

Learning Teaching Model Factory 6M an integrated learning model. Soul 'entrepreneur' is also indispensable for vocational students, because it is through this spirit, educators will have a more efficient work orientation, creative, innovative, productive and independent. In line with that then it is proper entrepreneurial learning can also be done with a web-based learning supported by the Digital Simulation. Starting from this understanding, the web-based learning craft entrepreneurs for vocational students would be able to support the achievement of competence especially competence patiseri which includes cognitive, affective, and psychomotor and is also supported by the application of learning models Teaching Factory Six zangkah. This thesis is the result of research on Effect of Entrepreneur Development craft Web-Based Competency for Students Smk patiseri Through Implementation of Teaching Model Factory. The object of research is the students of class XI Productive Catering SMKN 9 Bandung, Bandung BPP SMK and SMK 3 Garut. The method used in this research is the method Quasi Experiment.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


184.

Welding Technology and metallurgy of Superalloy Material
Suharno (a*), Yuyun Estriyanto (a), Budi Harjanto (a)

Has done research on aircraft turbine blades made of Inconel (nickel-based). This study aims to describe the characteristics of crack on the failure of turbine blade made from Inconel and efforts to rectify the failure of the material. Inconels are nickel-base superalloy material that has high strength and creep resistance at temperatures near Reviews their melting point. This material is commonly used in aircraft gas turbine (jet) engines, where parts or components are subjected to high temperature and high stress. Research methods include testing the chemical composition, hardness with HVN, microstructure, and SEM. The results show that the turbine blades are attached to the APU classified material nickel-based super alloy Inconel 792. This kind indicated by the content of 63% Ni and 18% Cr. This material includes a very hard material that is characterized by its hardness is 412 HVN numbers so it is susceptible to cracking. Based on SEM test show that structure formed at the grain boundary carbides and Gamma-prime precipitates are also available within the gamma matrix.

Topic: Engineering and Technology Innovation


185.

WORK MOTIVATION VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES ( VHS )
Elih Mulyana

VHS aims to prepare graduates to enter the world of work and have the competence to work in a particular field ( Permen.No 23, 2006 ) . Vocational graduates as generally work in Electrical Contractors . They work for their needs . The requirement is an encouragement or motivation possessed by graduates .
Motivation is an internal process that activates , guides and maintains behavior over time ( Robert Slavin , 2009) .Worker motivation stability over time can be investigated by the behavior of their work translated into life and social norms inherent in their work ( Coetsier and Claes . R 1990). Motivation is the process of encouragement , direction and persistence of behavior , meaning that motivated behavior is behavior that is full of energy. ( Santrock 2007) . Motivation consists of intrinsic motivation , extrinsic motivation and achievement motivation ( Winkel 2009) .
Motivation is a service work performed by employees at work in the company . Employment services by employees could include work motivation ( Parasuraman , A. , Zeithaml , V. & Berry , L 2005) . Motivation of employees will provide carrying capacity on the companys work , high motivation will speed up the work in the company , so the company will have a greater advantage .
The purpose of this study was to determine employee motivation assessed by the company Electrical Contractors .
The study was conducted on electrical contractor in West Java with a sample of 200 contractor . Instruments made as many as 15 items that refer to indicators of work motivation : A desire to live ; The desire to occupy a position; The desire for power; The desire for recognition ( Patterson , PG & Johnson , LW , 1993) .
Based on data analysis , the motivation vocational graduates who were working in Electrical Contractors have different characteristics.

Topic: Vocational Education and Training


 

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